in·fla·tion /ɪnˈfleʃən/ 名詞
1. The act or process of inflating, or the state of being inflated, as with air or gas; distention; expansion; enlargement.
2. The state of being puffed up, as with pride; conceit; vanity.
3. Persistent expansion or increase in the general level of prices, usually caused by overissue of currency, and resulting in a reduced value of the currency. It is contrasted with deflation, and is when it occurs to a very high degree is called hyperinflation. [U.S.]
n 1: a general and progressive increase in prices; "in inflation
everything gets more valuable except money" [syn: rising
prices] [ant: deflation, disinflation]
2: (cosmology) a brief exponential expansion of the universe
(faster than the speed of light) postulated to have
occurred shortly after the big bang
3: lack of elegance as a consequence of being pompous and
puffed up with vanity [syn: ostentation, ostentatiousness,
pomposity, pompousness, pretentiousness, splashiness]
4: the act of filling something with air [ant: deflation]