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From: Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)

 Tur·key n.; pl. Turkeys   Zool. Any large American gallinaceous bird belonging to the genus Meleagris, especially the North American wild turkey (Meleagris gallopavo), and the domestic turkey, which was probably derived from the Mexican wild turkey, but had been domesticated by the Indians long before the discovery of America.
 Note:The Mexican wild turkey is now considered a variety of the northern species (var. Mexicana).  Its tail feathers and coverts are tipped with white instead of brownish chestnut, and its flesh is white. The Central American, or ocellated, turkey (Meleagris ocellata) is more elegantly colored than the common species. See under Ocellated.  The Australian, or native, turkey is a bustard (Choriotis australis).  See under Native.
 Turkey beard Bot., a name of certain American perennial liliaceous herbs of the genus Xerophyllum. They have a dense tuft of hard, narrowly linear radical leaves, and a long raceme of small whitish flowers. Also called turkey's beard.
 Turkey berry Bot., a West Indian name for the fruit of certain kinds of nightshade (Solanum mammosum, and Solanum torvum).
 Turkey bird Zool., the wryneck.  So called because it erects and ruffles the feathers of its neck when disturbed. [Prov. Eng.]
 Turkey buzzard Zool., a black or nearly black buzzard (Cathartes aura), abundant in the Southern United States.  It is so called because its naked and warty head and neck resemble those of a turkey.  It is noted for its high and graceful flight. Called also turkey vulture.
 Turkey cock Zool., a male turkey.
 Turkey hen Zool., a female turkey.
 Turkey pout Zool., a young turkey. [R.]
 Turkey vulture Zool., the turkey buzzard.