head /ˈhɛd/ 名詞
1. The anterior or superior part of an animal, containing the brain, or chief ganglia of the nervous system, the mouth, and in the higher animals, the chief sensory organs; poll; cephalon.
2. The uppermost, foremost, or most important part of an inanimate object; such a part as may be considered to resemble the head of an animal; often, also, the larger, thicker, or heavier part or extremity, in distinction from the smaller or thinner part, or from the point or edge; as, the head of a cane, a nail, a spear, an ax, a mast, a sail, a ship; that which covers and closes the top or the end of a hollow vessel; as, the head of a cask or a steam boiler.
3. The place where the head should go; as, the head of a bed, of a grave, etc.; the head of a carriage, that is, the hood which covers the head.
4. The most prominent or important member of any organized body; the chief; the leader; as, the head of a college, a school, a church, a state, and the like. “Their princes and heads.”
The heads of the chief sects of philosophy. --Tillotson.
Your head I him appoint. --Milton.
5. The place or honor, or of command; the most important or foremost position; the front; as, the head of the table; the head of a column of soldiers.
An army of fourscore thousand troops, with the duke of Marlborough at the head of them. --Addison.
6. Each one among many; an individual; -- often used in a plural sense; as, a thousand head of cattle.
It there be six millions of people, there are about four acres for every head. --Graunt.
7. The seat of the intellect; the brain; the understanding; the mental faculties; as, a good head, that is, a good mind; it never entered his head, it did not occur to him; of his own head, of his own thought or will.
Men who had lost both head and heart. --Macaulay.
8. The source, fountain, spring, or beginning, as of a stream or river; as, the head of the Nile; hence, the altitude of the source, or the height of the surface, as of water, above a given place, as above an orifice at which it issues, and the pressure resulting from the height or from motion; sometimes also, the quantity in reserve; as, a mill or reservoir has a good head of water, or ten feet head; also, that part of a gulf or bay most remote from the outlet or the sea.
9. A headland; a promontory; as, Gay Head.
10. A separate part, or topic, of a discourse; a theme to be expanded; a subdivision; as, the heads of a sermon.
11. Culminating point or crisis; hence, strength; force; height.
Ere foul sin, gathering head, shall break into corruption. --Shak.
The indisposition which has long hung upon me, is at last grown to such a head, that it must quickly make an end of me or of itself. --Addison.
12. Power; armed force.
My lord, my lord, the French have gathered head. --Shak.
13. A headdress; a covering of the head; as, a laced head; a head of hair.
14. An ear of wheat, barley, or of one of the other small cereals.
15. Bot. (a) A dense cluster of flowers, as in clover, daisies, thistles; a capitulum. (b) A dense, compact mass of leaves, as in a cabbage or a lettuce plant.
16. The antlers of a deer.
17. A rounded mass of foam which rises on a pot of beer or other effervescing liquor.
18. pl. Tiles laid at the eaves of a house.
Note: ☞ Head is often used adjectively or in self-explaining combinations; as, head gear or headgear, head rest. Cf. Head, a.
A buck of the first head, a male fallow deer in its fifth year, when it attains its complete set of antlers. --Shak.
By the head. Naut. See under By.
Elevator head, Feed head, etc. See under Elevator, Feed, etc.
From head to foot, through the whole length of a man; completely; throughout. “Arm me, audacity, from head to foot.” --Shak.
Head and ears, with the whole person; deeply; completely; as, he was head and ears in debt or in trouble. [Colloq.]
Head fast. Naut. See 5th Fast.
Head kidney Anat., the most anterior of the three pairs of embryonic renal organs developed in most vertebrates; the pronephros.
Head money, a capitation tax; a poll tax. --Milton.
Head pence, a poll tax. [Obs.]
Head sea, a sea that meets the head of a vessel or rolls against her course.
Head and shoulders. (a) By force; violently; as, to drag one, head and shoulders. “They bring in every figure of speech, head and shoulders.” --Felton. (b) By the height of the head and shoulders; hence, by a great degree or space; by far; much; as, he is head and shoulders above them.
Heads or tails or Head or tail, this side or that side; this thing or that; -- a phrase used in throwing a coin to decide a choice, question, or stake, head being the side of the coin bearing the effigy or principal figure (or, in case there is no head or face on either side, that side which has the date on it), and tail the other side.
Neither head nor tail, neither beginning nor end; neither this thing nor that; nothing distinct or definite; -- a phrase used in speaking of what is indefinite or confused; as, they made neither head nor tail of the matter. [Colloq.]
Head wind, a wind that blows in a direction opposite the vessel's course.
off the top of my head, from quick recollection, or as an approximation; without research or calculation; -- a phrase used when giving quick and approximate answers to questions, to indicate that a response is not necessarily accurate.
Out of one's own head, according to one's own idea; without advice or coöperation of another.
Over the head of, beyond the comprehension of. --M. Arnold.
to go over the head of (a person), to appeal to a person superior to (a person) in line of command.
To be out of one's head, to be temporarily insane.
To come or draw to a head. See under Come, Draw.
To give (one) the head, or To give head, to let go, or to give up, control; to free from restraint; to give license. “He gave his able horse the head.” --Shak. “He has so long given his unruly passions their head.” --South.
To his head, before his face. “An uncivil answer from a son to a father, from an obliged person to a benefactor, is a greater indecency than if an enemy should storm his house or revile him to his head.” --Jer. Taylor.
To lay heads together, to consult; to conspire.
To lose one's head, to lose presence of mind.
To make head, or To make head against, to resist with success; to advance.
To show one's head, to appear. --Shak.
To turn head, to turn the face or front. “The ravishers turn head, the fight renews.” --Dryden.
Head a. Principal; chief; leading; first; as, the head master of a school; the head man of a tribe; a head chorister; a head cook.
Head v. t. [imp. & p. p. Headed; p. pr. & vb. n. Heading.]
1. To be at the head of; to put one's self at the head of; to lead; to direct; to act as leader to; as, to head an army, an expedition, or a riot.
2. To form a head to; to fit or furnish with a head; as, to head a nail.
3. To behead; to decapitate. [Obs.]
4. To cut off the top of; to lop off; as, to head trees.
5. To go in front of; to get in the front of, so as to hinder or stop; to oppose; hence, to check or restrain; as, to head a drove of cattle; to head a person; the wind heads a ship.
6. To set on the head; as, to head a cask.
To head off, to intercept; to get before; as, an officer heads off a thief who is escaping. “We'll head them off at the pass.”
To head up, (a) to close, as a cask or barrel, by fitting a head to. (b) To serve as the leader of; as, to head up a team of investigators.
Head, v. i.
1. To originate; to spring; to have its source, as a river.
A broad river, that heads in the great Blue Ridge. --Adair.
2. To go or point in a certain direction; to tend; as, how does the ship head?
3. To form a head; as, this kind of cabbage heads early.
n 1: the upper part of the human body or the front part of the
body in animals; contains the face and brains; "he stuck
his head out the window" [syn: caput]
2: a single domestic animal; "200 head of cattle"
3: that which is responsible for one's thoughts and feelings;
the seat of the faculty of reason; "his mind wandered"; "I
couldn't get his words out of my head" [syn: mind, brain,
4: a person who is in charge; "the head of the whole operation"
[syn: chief, top dog]
5: the front of a military formation or procession; "the head
of the column advanced boldly"; "they were at the head of
the attack" [ant: rear]
6: the pressure exerted by a fluid; "a head of steam"
7: the top of something; "the head of the stairs"; "the head of
the page"; "the head of the list" [ant: foot]
8: the source of water from which a stream arises; "they
tracked him back toward the head of the stream" [syn: fountainhead,
9: (grammar) the word in a grammatical constituent that plays
the same grammatical role as the whole constituent [syn: head
10: the tip of an abscess (where the pus accumulates)
11: the length or height based on the size of a human or animal
head; "he is two heads taller than his little sister";
"his horse won by a head"
12: a dense clusters of flowers or foliage; "a head of
cauliflower"; "a head of lettuce" [syn: capitulum]
13: the educator who has executive authority for a school; "she
sent unruly pupils to see the principal" [syn: principal,
school principal, head teacher]
14: an individual person; "tickets are $5 per head"
15: a user of (usually soft) drugs; "the office was full of
16: a rounded compact mass; "the head of a comet"
17: the foam or froth that accumulates at the top when you pour
an effervescent liquid into a container; "the beer had a
large head of foam"
18: the part in the front or nearest the viewer; "he was in the
forefront"; "he was at the head of the column" [syn: forefront]
19: a difficult juncture; "a pretty pass"; "matters came to a
head yesterday" [syn: pass, straits]
20: forward movement; "the ship made little headway against the
gale" [syn: headway]
21: a V-shaped mark at one end of an arrow pointer; "the point
of the arrow was due north" [syn: point]
22: the subject matter at issue; "the question of disease merits
serious discussion"; "under the head of minor Roman
poets" [syn: question]
23: a line of text serving to indicate what the passage below it
is about; "the heading seemed to have little to do with
the text" [syn: heading, header]
24: the rounded end of a bone that bits into a rounded cavity in
another bone to form a joint; "the head of the humerus"
25: that part of a skeletal muscle that is away from the bone
that it moves
26: (computer science) a tiny electromagnetic coil and metal
pole used to write and read magnetic patterns on a disk
[syn: read/write head]
27: (usually plural) an obverse side of a coin that bears the
representation of a person's head; "call heads or tails!"
28: the striking part of a tool; "the head of the hammer"
29: (nautical) a toilet on board a boat or ship
30: a projection out from one end; "the head of the nail", "a
pinhead is the head of a pin"
31: a membrane that is stretched taut over a drum [syn: drumhead]
32: oral-genital stimulation; "they say he gives good head"
[syn: oral sex]
v 1: to go or travel towards; "where is she heading"; "We were
headed for the mountains"
2: be in charge of; "Who is heading this project?" [syn: lead]
3: travel in front of; go in advance of others; "The procession
was headed by John" [syn: lead]
4: be the first or leading member of (a group) and excel; "This
student heads the class" [syn: head up]
5: direct the course; determine the direction of travelling
[syn: steer, maneuver, manoeuver, manoeuvre, direct,
point, guide, channelize, channelise]
6: take its rise; "These rivers head from a mountain range in
7: be in the front of or on top of; "The list was headed by the
name of the president"
8: form a head or come or grow to a head; "The wheat headed
early this year"
9: remove the head of; "head the fish"