呼叫; 撥叫; 召用
Call v. t. [imp. & p. p. Called p. pr. & vb. n. Calling]
1. To command or request to come or be present; to summon; as, to call a servant.
Call hither Clifford; bid him come amain --Shak.
2. To summon to the discharge of a particular duty; to designate for an office, or employment, especially of a religious character; -- often used of a divine summons; as, to be called to the ministry; sometimes, to invite; as, to call a minister to be the pastor of a church.
Paul . . . called to be an apostle --Rom. i. 1.
The Holy Ghost said, Separate me Barnabas and Saul for the work whereunto I have called them. --Acts xiii. 2.
3. To invite or command to meet; to convoke; -- often with together; as, the President called Congress together; to appoint and summon; as, to call a meeting of the Board of Aldermen.
Now call we our high court of Parliament. --Shak.
4. To give name to; to name; to address, or speak of, by a specifed name.
If you would but call me Rosalind. --Shak.
And God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. --Gen. i. 5.
5. To regard or characterize as of a certain kind; to denominate; to designate.
What God hath cleansed, that call not thou common. --Acts x. 15.
6. To state, or estimate, approximately or loosely; to characterize without strict regard to fact; as, they call the distance ten miles; he called it a full day's work.
[The] army is called seven hundred thousand men. --Brougham.
7. To show or disclose the class, character, or nationality of. [Obs.]
This speech calls him Spaniard. --Beau. & Fl.
8. To utter in a loud or distinct voice; -- often with off; as, to call, or call off, the items of an account; to call the roll of a military company.
No parish clerk who calls the psalm so clear. --Gay.
9. To invoke; to appeal to.
I call God for a witness. --2 Cor. i. 23 [Rev. Ver. ]
10. To rouse from sleep; to awaken.
If thou canst awake by four o' the clock.
I prithee call me. Sleep hath seized me wholly. --Shak.
To call a bond, to give notice that the amount of the bond will be paid.
To call a party Law, to cry aloud his name in open court, and command him to come in and perform some duty requiring his presence at the time on pain of what may befall him.
To call back, to revoke or retract; to recall; to summon back.
To call down, to pray for, as blessing or curses.
To call forth, to bring or summon to action; as, to call forth all the faculties of the mind.
To call in, (a) To collect; as, to call in debts or money; ar to withdraw from cirulation; as, to call in uncurrent coin. (b) To summon to one's side; to invite to come together; as, to call in neighbors.
To call (any one) names, to apply contemptuous names (to any one).
To call off, to summon away; to divert; as, to call off the attention; to call off workmen from their employment.
To call out. (a) To summon to fight; to challenge. (b) To summon into service; as, to call out the militia.
To call over, to recite separate particulars in order, as a roll of names.
To call to account, to demand explanation of.
To call to mind, to recollect; to revive in memory.
To call to order, to request to come to order; as: (a) A public meeting, when opening it for business. (b) A person, when he is transgressing the rules of debate.
To call to the bar, to admit to practice in courts of law.
To call up. (a) To bring into view or recollection; as to call up the image of deceased friend. (b) To bring into action or discussion; to demand the consideration of; as, to call up a bill before a legislative body.
Syn: -- To name; denominate; invite; bid; summon; convoke; assemble; collect; exhort; warn; proclaim; invoke; appeal to; designate.
Usage: To Call, Convoke, Summon. Call is the generic term; as, to call a public meeting. To convoke is to require the assembling of some organized body of men by an act of authority; as, the king convoked Parliament. To summon is to require attendance by an act more or less stringent anthority; as, to summon a witness.
Call, v. i.
1. To speak in loud voice; to cry out; to address by name; -- sometimes with to.
You must call to the nurse. --Shak.
The angel of God called to Hagar. --Gen. xxi. 17.
2. To make a demand, requirement, or request.
They called for rooms, and he showed them one. --Bunyan.
3. To make a brief visit; also, to stop at some place designated, as for orders.
He ordered her to call at the house once a week. --Temple.
To call for (a) To demand; to require; as, a crime calls for punishment; a survey, grant, or deed calls for the metes and bounds, or the quantity of land, etc., which it describes. (b) To give an order for; to request. “Whenever the coach stopped, the sailor called for more ale.” --Marryat.
To call on, To call upon, (a) To make a short visit to; as, call on a friend. (b) To appeal to; to invite; to request earnestly; as, to call upon a person to make a speech. (c) To solicit payment, or make a demand, of a debt. (d) To invoke or play to; to worship; as, to call upon God.
To call out To call or utter loudly; to brawl.
1. The act of calling; -- usually with the voice, but often otherwise, as by signs, the sound of some instrument, or by writing; a summons; an entreaty; an invitation; as, a call for help; the bugle's call. “Call of the trumpet.”
I rose as at thy call, but found thee not. --Milton.
2. A signal, as on a drum, bugle, trumpet, or pipe, to summon soldiers or sailors to duty.
3. Eccl. An invitation to take charge of or serve a church as its pastor.
4. A requirement or appeal arising from the circumstances of the case; a moral requirement or appeal.
Dependence is a perpetual call upon humanity. --Addison.
Running into danger without any call of duty. --Macaulay.
5. A divine vocation or summons.
St. Paul himself believed he did well, and that he had a call to it, when he persecuted the Christians. --Locke.
6. Vocation; employment.
Note: [In this sense, calling is generally used.]
7. A short visit; as, to make a call on a neighbor; also, the daily coming of a tradesman to solicit orders.
The baker's punctual call. --Cowper.
8. Hunting A note blown on the horn to encourage the hounds.
9. Naut. A whistle or pipe, used by the boatswain and his mate, to summon the sailors to duty.
10. Fowling The cry of a bird; also a noise or cry in imitation of a bird; or a pipe to call birds by imitating their note or cry.
11. Amer. Land Law A reference to, or statement of, an object, course, distance, or other matter of description in a survey or grant requiring or calling for a corresponding object, etc., on the land.
12. The privilege to demand the delivery of stock, grain, or any commodity, at a fixed, price, at or within a certain time agreed on. [Brokers' Cant]
13. See Assessment, 4.
At call, or On call, liable to be demanded at any moment without previous notice; as money on deposit.
Call bird, a bird taught to allure others into a snare.
Call boy (a) A boy who calls the actors in a theater; a boy who transmits the orders of the captain of a vessel to the engineer, helmsman, etc. (b) A waiting boy who answers a cal, or cames at the ringing of a bell; a bell boy.
Call note, the note naturally used by the male bird to call the female. It is artificially applied by birdcatchers as a decoy. --Latham.
Call of the house Legislative Bodies, a calling over the names of members, to discover who is absent, or for other purposes; a calling of names with a view to obtaining the ayes and noes from the persons named.
Call to the bar, admission to practice in the courts.
n 1: a telephone connection; "she reported several anonymous
calls"; "he placed a phone call to London"; "he heard
the phone ringing but didn't want to take the call"
[syn: phone call, telephone call]
2: a special disposition (as if from a divine source) to pursue
a particular course; "he was disappointed that he had not
heard the Call"
3: a loud utterance; often in protest or opposition; "the
speaker was interrupted by loud cries from the rear of the
audience" [syn: cry, outcry, yell, shout, vociferation]
4: a demand especially in the phrase "the call of duty" [syn: claim]
5: the characteristic sound produced by a bird; "a bird will
not learn its song unless it hears it at an early age"
[syn: birdcall, birdsong, song]
6: a brief social visit; "senior professors' wives no longer
make afternoon calls on newcomers"
7: a demand by a broker that a customer deposit enough to bring
his margin up to the minimum requirement [syn: margin
8: a demand for a show of hands in a card game; "after two
raises there was a call"
9: a request; "many calls for Christmas stories"; "not many
calls for buggywhips"
10: an instruction that interrupts the program being executed;
"Pascal performs calls by simply giving the name of the
routine to be executed"
11: brief visit in an official or professional capacity; "the
pastor's visits to his parishioners"; "a visit to a
dentist"; "the salesman's call on a customer"
12: (sports) the decision made by an umpire or referee; "he was
ejected for protesting the call"
13: the option to buy a given stock (or stock index or commodity
future) at a given price before a given date [syn: call
option] [ant: put option]
v 1: assign a specified, proper name to; "They named their son
David"; "The new school was named after the famous Civil
Rights leader" [syn: name]
2: get or try to get into communication (with someone) by
telephone; "I tried to call you all night"; "Take two
aspirin and call me in the morning" [syn: telephone, call
up, phone, ring]
3: ascribe a quality to or give a name of a common noun that
reflects a quality; "He called me a bastard"; "She called
her children lazy and ungrateful"
4: order, request, or command to come; "She was called into the
director's office"; "Call the police!" [syn: send for]
5: utter a sudden loud cry; "she cried with pain when the
doctor inserted the needle"; "I yelled to her from the
window but she couldn't hear me" [syn: shout, shout out,
cry, yell, scream, holler, hollo, squall]
6: pay a brief visit; "The mayor likes to call on some of the
prominent citizens" [syn: visit, call in]
7: call a meeting; invite or command to meet; "The Wannsee
Conference was called to discuss the `Final Solution'";
"The new dean calls meetings every week"
8: order or request or give a command for; "The unions called a
general strike for Sunday"
9: order, summon, or request for a specific duty or activity,
work, role; "He was already called 4 times for jury duty";
"They called him to active military duty"
10: indicate a decision in regard to; "call balls and strikes
behind the plate"
11: stop or postpone because of adverse conditions, such as bad
weather; "call a football game"
12: read aloud to check for omissions or absentees; "Call roll"
13: send a message or attempt to reach someone by radio, phone,
etc.; make a signal to in order to transmit a message;
"Hawaii is calling!"; "A transmitter in Samoa was heard
14: declare in the capacity of an umpire or referee; "call a
15: utter a characteristic note or cry; "bluejays called to one
16: utter in a loud voice or announce; "He called my name"; "The
auctioneer called the bids"
17: make a prediction about; tell in advance; "Call the outcome
of an election" [syn: predict, foretell, prognosticate,
forebode, anticipate, promise]
18: challenge (somebody) to make good on a statement; charge
with or censure for an offense; "He deserves to be called
19: consider or regard as being; "I would not call her
20: demand payment of (a loan); "Call a loan" [syn: call in]
21: give the calls (to the dancers) for a square dance [syn: call
22: greet, as with a prescribed form, title, or name; "He always
addresses me with `Sir'"; "Call me Mister"; "She calls
him by first name" [syn: address]
23: make a stop in a harbour; "The ship will call in Honolulu
24: make a demand, as for a card or a suit or a show of hands;
"He called his trump" [syn: bid]
25: require the presentation of for redemption before
maturation; "Call a bond"
26: lure by imitating the characteristic call of an animal;
27: challenge the sincerity or truthfulness of; "call the
speaker on a question of fact"
28: rouse somebody from sleep with a call; "I was called at 5
A.M. this morning"
(1.) To cry for help, hence to pray (Gen. 4:26). Thus men are
said to "call upon the name of the Lord" (Acts 2:21; 7:59; 9:14;
Rom. 10:12; 1 Cor. 1:2).
(2.) God calls with respect to men when he designates them to
some special office (Ex. 31:2; Isa. 22:20; Acts 13:2), and when
he invites them to accept his offered grace (Matt. 9:13; 11:28;
In the message of the gospel his call is addressed to all men,
to Jews and Gentiles alike (Matt. 28:19; Mark 16:15; Rom. 9:24,
25). But this universal call is not inseparably connected with
salvation, although it leaves all to whom it comes inexcusable
if they reject it (John 3:14-19; Matt. 22:14).
An effectual call is something more than the outward message
of the Word of God to men. It is internal, and is the result of
the enlightening and sanctifying influence of the Holy Spirit
(John 16:14; Acts 26: 18; John 6:44), effectually drawing men to
Christ, and disposing and enabling them to receive the truth
(John 6:45; Acts 16:14; Eph. 1:17).