drum /ˈdrəm/ 名詞
1. Mus. An instrument of percussion, consisting either of a hollow cylinder, over each end of which is stretched a piece of skin or vellum, to be beaten with a stick; or of a metallic hemisphere (kettledrum) with a single piece of skin to be so beaten; the common instrument for marking time in martial music; one of the pair of tympani in an orchestra, or cavalry band.
The drums cry bud-a-dub. --Gascoigne.
2. Anything resembling a drum in form; as: (a) A sheet iron radiator, often in the shape of a drum, for warming an apartment by means of heat received from a stovepipe, or a cylindrical receiver for steam, etc. (b) A small cylindrical box in which figs, etc., are packed. (c) Anat. The tympanum of the ear; -- often, but incorrectly, applied to the tympanic membrane. (d) Arch. One of the cylindrical, or nearly cylindrical, blocks, of which the shaft of a column is composed; also, a vertical wall, whether circular or polygonal in plan, carrying a cupola or dome. (e) Mach. A cylinder on a revolving shaft, generally for the purpose of driving several pulleys, by means of belts or straps passing around its periphery; also, the barrel of a hoisting machine, on which the rope or chain is wound.
3. Zool. See Drumfish.
4. A noisy, tumultuous assembly of fashionable people at a private house; a rout. [Archaic]
Not unaptly styled a drum, from the noise and emptiness of the entertainment. --Smollett.
Note: ☞ There were also drum major, rout, tempest, and hurricane, differing only in degrees of multitude and uproar, as the significant name of each declares.
5. A tea party; a kettledrum.
Bass drum. See in the Vocabulary.
Double drum. See under Double.
Drum, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Drummed p. pr. & vb. n. Drumming.]
1. To beat a drum with sticks; to beat or play a tune on a drum.
2. To beat with the fingers, as with drumsticks; to beat with a rapid succession of strokes; to make a noise like that of a beaten drum; as, the ruffed grouse drums with his wings.
Drumming with his fingers on the arm of his chair. --W. Irving.
3. To throb, as the heart. [R.]
4. To go about, as a drummer does, to gather recruits, to draw or secure partisans, customers, etc,; -- with for.
Drum, v. t.
1. To execute on a drum, as a tune.
2. (With out) To expel ignominiously, with beat of drum; as, to drum out a deserter or rogue from a camp, etc.
3. (With up) To assemble by, or as by, beat of drum; to collect; to gather or draw by solicitation; as, to drum up recruits; to drum up customers.
n 1: a musical percussion instrument; usually consists of a
hollow cylinder with a membrane stretch across each end
[syn: membranophone, tympan]
2: the sound of a drum; "he could hear the drums before he
heard the fifes"
3: a bulging cylindrical shape; hollow with flat ends [syn: barrel]
4: a cylindrical metal container used for shipping or storage
of liquids [syn: metal drum]
5: a hollow cast-iron cylinder attached to the wheel that forms
part of the brakes [syn: brake drum]
6: small to medium-sized bottom-dwelling food and game fishes
of shallow coastal and fresh waters that make a drumming
noise [syn: drumfish]
v 1: make a rhythmic sound; "Rain drummed against the
windshield"; "The drums beat all night" [syn: beat, thrum]
2: play a percussion instrument
3: study intensively, as before an exam; "I had to bone up on
my Latin verbs before the final exam" [syn: cram, grind
away, bone up, swot, get up, mug up, swot up, bone]
[also: drumming, drummed]