grind /ˈgraɪnd/ 及物動詞
Grind v. i.
1. To perform the operation of grinding something; to turn the millstones.
Into the common prison, there to grind. --Milton.
2. To become ground or pulverized by friction; as, this corn grinds well.
3. To become polished or sharpened by friction; as, glass grinds smooth; steel grinds to a sharp edge.
4. To move with much difficulty or friction; to grate.
5. To perform hard and distasteful service; to drudge; to study hard, as for an examination. --Farrar.
Grind v. t. [imp. & p. p. Ground p. pr. & vb. n. Grinding.]
1. To reduce to powder by friction, as in a mill, or with the teeth; to crush into small fragments; to produce as by the action of millstones.
Take the millstones, and grind meal. --Is. xivii. 2.
2. To wear down, polish, or sharpen, by friction; to make smooth, sharp, or pointed; to whet, as a knife or drill; to rub against one another, as teeth, etc.
3. To oppress by severe exactions; to harass.
To grind the subject or defraud the prince. --Dryden.
4. To study hard for examination; -- commonly used with away; as, to grind away at one's studies. [College Slang]
1. The act of reducing to powder, or of sharpening, by friction.
2. Any severe continuous work or occupation; esp., hard and uninteresting study. [Colloq.]
3. A student that studies hard; a dig; a wonk. [College Slang]
n 1: an insignificant student who is ridiculed as being affected
or studying excessively [syn: swot, nerd, wonk, dweeb]
2: hard monotonous routine work [syn: drudgery, plodding, donkeywork]
3: the act of grinding to a powder or dust [syn: mill, pulverization,
v 1: press or grind with a crunching noise [syn: crunch, cranch,
2: make a grating or grinding sound by rubbing together; "grate
one's teeth in anger" [syn: grate]
3: reduce to small pieces or particles by pounding or abrading;
"grind the spices in a mortar"; "mash the garlic" [syn: mash,
crunch, bray, comminute]
4: work hard; "She was digging away at her math homework";
"Lexicographers drudge all day long" [syn: labor, labour,
toil, fag, travail, drudge, dig, moil]
5: dance by rotating the pelvis in an erotically suggestive
way, often while in contact with one's partner such that
the dancers' legs are interlaced
(Ex. 32:20; Deut. 9:21; Judg. 16:21), to crush small (Heb.
tahan); to oppress the poor (Isa. 3:5). The hand-mill was early
used by the Hebrews (Num. 11:8). It consisted of two stones, the
upper (Deut. 24:6; 2 Sam. 11:21) being movable and slightly
concave, the lower being stationary. The grinders mentioned
Eccl. 12:3 are the teeth. (See MILL.)