la·bor /ˈlebɚ/ 名詞
La·bor n. [Written also labour.]
1. Physical toil or bodily exertion, especially when fatiguing, irksome, or unavoidable, in distinction from sportive exercise; hard, muscular effort directed to some useful end, as agriculture, manufactures, and like; servile toil; exertion; work.
God hath set
Labor and rest, as day and night, to men
2. Intellectual exertion; mental effort; as, the labor of compiling a history.
3. That which requires hard work for its accomplishment; that which demands effort.
Being a labor of so great a difficulty, the exact performance thereof we may rather wish than look for. --Hooker.
4. Travail; the pangs and efforts of childbirth.
The queen's in labor,
They say, in great extremity; and feared
She'll with the labor end. --Shak.
5. Any pang or distress.
6. Naut. The pitching or tossing of a vessel which results in the straining of timbers and rigging.
7. A measure of land in Mexico and Texas, equivalent to an area of 177¹/₇ acres.
8. Mining. A stope or set of stopes. [Sp. Amer.]
Syn: -- Work; toil; drudgery; task; exertion; effort; industry; painstaking. See Toll.
La·bor, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Labored p. pr. & vb. n. Laboring.] [Written also labour.]
1. To exert muscular strength; to exert one's strength with painful effort, particularly in servile occupations; to work; to toil.
Adam, well may we labor still to dress
This garden. --Milton.
2. To exert one's powers of mind in the prosecution of any design; to strive; to take pains.
3. To be oppressed with difficulties or disease; to do one's work under conditions which make it especially hard, wearisome; to move slowly, as against opposition, or under a burden; to be burdened; -- often with under, and formerly with of.
The stone that labors up the hill. --Granville.
The line too labors, and the words move slow. --Pope.
To cure the disorder under which he labored. --Sir W. Scott.
Come unto me, all ye that labor and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest. --Matt. xi. 28
4. To be in travail; to suffer the pangs of childbirth; to be in labor.
5. Naut. To pitch or roll heavily, as a ship in a turbulent sea.
La·bor, v. t.
1. To work at; to work; to till; to cultivate by toil.
The most excellent lands are lying fallow, or only labored by children. --W. Tooke.
2. To form or fabricate with toil, exertion, or care. “To labor arms for Troy.”
3. To prosecute, or perfect, with effort; to urge strenuously; as, to labor a point or argument.
4. To belabor; to beat. [Obs.]
n 1: productive work (especially physical work done for wages);
"his labor did not require a great deal of skill" [syn:
2: a social class comprising those who do manual labor or work
for wages; "there is a shortage of skilled labor in this
field" [syn: labour, working class, proletariat]
3: concluding state of pregnancy; from the onset of labor to
the birth of a child; "she was in labor for six hours"
[syn: parturiency, labour, confinement, lying-in,
4: an organized attempt by workers to improve their status by
united action especially via labor unions (especially the
leaders of this movement) [syn: labor movement, trade
5: a political party formed in Great Britain in 1900;
characterized by the promotion of labor's interests and
the socialization of key industries [syn: Labour Party,
Labour, Labor Party]
6: the federal department responsible for promoting the working
conditions of wage earners in the United States; created
in 1913 [syn: Department of Labor, Labor Department, DoL]
7: any piece of work that is undertaken or attempted; "he
prepared for great undertakings" [syn: undertaking, project,
v 1: strive and make an effort to reach a goal; "She tugged for
years to make a decent living"; "We have to push a
little to make the deadline!"; "She is driving away at
her doctoral thesis" [syn: tug, labour, push, drive]
2: work hard; "She was digging away at her math homework";
"Lexicographers drudge all day long" [syn: labour, toil,
fag, travail, grind, drudge, dig, moil]
3: undergo the efforts of childbirth [syn: labour]