ac·tion /ˈækʃən/ 名詞
行動; 作用; 措施; 指令; 動作
行動 作用 措施 指令 動作
1. A process or condition of acting or moving, as opposed to rest; the doing of something; exertion of power or force, as when one body acts on another; the effect of power exerted on one body by another; agency; activity; operation; as, the action of heat; a man of action.
One wise in council, one in action brave. --Pope.
2. An act; a thing done; a deed; an enterprise. (pl.): Habitual deeds; hence, conduct; behavior; demeanor.
The Lord is a Good of knowledge, and by him actions are weighed. --1 Sam. ii. 3.
3. The event or connected series of events, either real or imaginary, forming the subject of a play, poem, or other composition; the unfolding of the drama of events.
4. Movement; as, the horse has a spirited action.
5. Mech. Effective motion; also, mechanism; as, the breech action of a gun.
6. Physiol. Any one of the active processes going on in an organism; the performance of a function; as, the action of the heart, the muscles, or the gastric juice.
7. Orat. Gesticulation; the external deportment of the speaker, or the suiting of his attitude, voice, gestures, and countenance, to the subject, or to the feelings.
8. Paint. & Sculp. The attitude or position of the several parts of the body as expressive of the sentiment or passion depicted.
9. Law (a) A suit or process, by which a demand is made of a right in a court of justice; in a broad sense, a judicial proceeding for the enforcement or protection of a right, the redress or prevention of a wrong, or the punishment of a public offense. (b) A right of action; as, the law gives an action for every claim.
10. Com. A share in the capital stock of a joint-stock company, or in the public funds; hence, in the plural, equivalent to stocks. [A Gallicism] [Obs.]
The Euripus of funds and actions. --Burke.
11. An engagement between troops in war, whether on land or water; a battle; a fight; as, a general action, a partial action.
12. Music The mechanical contrivance by means of which the impulse of the player's finger is transmitted to the strings of a pianoforte or to the valve of an organ pipe.
Chose in action. Law See Chose.
Quantity of action Physics, the product of the mass of a body by the space it runs through, and its velocity.
Syn: -- Action, Act.
Usage: In many cases action and act are synonymous; but some distinction is observable. Action involves the mode or process of acting, and is usually viewed as occupying some time in doing. Act has more reference to the effect, or the operation as complete.
To poke the fire is an act, to reconcile friends who have quarreled is a praiseworthy action. --C. J. Smith.
n 1: something done (usually as opposed to something said);
"there were stories of murders and other unnatural
2: the state of being active; "his sphere of activity"; "he is
out of action" [syn: activity, activeness] [ant: inaction,
3: a judicial proceeding brought by one party against another;
one party prosecutes another for a wrong done or for
protection of a right or for prevention of a wrong [syn: legal
action, action at law]
4: an act by a government body or supranational organization;
"recent federal action undermined the segregationist
position"; "the United Nations must have the power to
propose and organize action without being hobbled by
irrelevant issues"; "the Union action of emancipating
5: a military engagement; "he saw action in Korea" [syn: military
6: a process existing in or produced by nature (rather than by
the intent of human beings); "the action of natural
forces"; "volcanic activity" [syn: natural process, natural
7: the series of events that form a plot; "his novels always
have a lot of action"
8: the operating part that transmits power to a mechanism; "the
piano had a very stiff action" [syn: action mechanism]
9: the trait of being active and energetic and forceful; "a man
10: the most important or interesting work or activity in a
specific area or field; "the action is no longer in
technology stocks but in municipal bonds"; "gawkers
always try to get as close to the action as possible"
v 1: institute legal proceedings against; file a suit against;
"He was warned that the district attorney would process
him"; "She actioned the company for discrimination"
[syn: sue, litigate, process]
2: put in effect; "carry out a task"; "execute the decision of
the people"; "He actioned the operation" [syn: carry
through, accomplish, execute, carry out, fulfill,