man /ˈmæn, ||ˌmæn ||mən/
Man n.; pl. Men
1. A human being; -- opposed to beast.
These men went about wide, and man found they none,
But fair country, and wild beast many [a] one. --R. of Glouc.
The king is but a man, as I am; the violet smells to him as it doth to me. --Shak.
2. Especially: An adult male person; a grown-up male person, as distinguished from a woman or a child.
When I became a man, I put away childish things. --I Cor. xiii. 11.
Ceneus, a woman once, and once a man. --Dryden.
3. The human race; mankind.
And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness, and let them have dominion. --Gen. i. 26.
The proper study of mankind is man. --Pope.
4. The male portion of the human race.
Woman has, in general, much stronger propensity than man to the discharge of parental duties. --Cowper.
5. One possessing in a high degree the distinctive qualities of manhood; one having manly excellence of any kind.
This was the noblest Roman of them all . . . the elements
So mixed in him that Nature might stand up
And say to all the world “This was a man!” --Shak.
6. An adult male servant; also, a vassal; a subject.
Like master, like man. --Old Proverb.
The vassal, or tenant, kneeling, ungirt, uncovered, and holding up his hands between those of his lord, professed that he did become his man from that day forth, of life, limb, and earthly honor. --Blackstone.
7. A term of familiar address at one time implying on the part of the speaker some degree of authority, impatience, or haste; as, Come, man, we 've no time to lose! In the latter half of the 20th century it became used in a broader sense as simply a familiar and informal form of address, but is not used in business or formal situations; as, hey, man! You want to go to a movie tonight?. [Informal]
8. A married man; a husband; -- correlative to wife.
I pronounce that they are man and wife. --Book of Com. Prayer.
every wife ought to answer for her man. --Addison.
9. One, or any one, indefinitely; -- a modified survival of the Saxon use of man, or mon, as an indefinite pronoun.
A man can not make him laugh. --Shak.
A man would expect to find some antiquities; but all they have to show of this nature is an old rostrum of a Roman ship. --Addison.
10. One of the piece with which certain games, as chess or draughts, are played.
Note: ☞ Man is often used as a prefix in composition, or as a separate adjective, its sense being usually self-explaining; as, man child, man eater or maneater, man-eating, man hater or manhater, man-hating, manhunter, man-hunting, mankiller, man-killing, man midwife, man pleaser, man servant, man-shaped, manslayer, manstealer, man-stealing, manthief, man worship, etc.
Man is also used as a suffix to denote a person of the male sex having a business which pertains to the thing spoken of in the qualifying part of the compound; ashman, butterman, laundryman, lumberman, milkman, fireman, repairman, showman, waterman, woodman. Where the combination is not familiar, or where some specific meaning of the compound is to be avoided, man is used as a separate substantive in the foregoing sense; as, apple man, cloth man, coal man, hardware man, wood man (as distinguished from woodman).
Man ape Zool., a anthropoid ape, as the gorilla.
Man at arms, a designation of the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries for a soldier fully armed.
Man engine, a mechanical lift for raising or lowering people through considerable distances; specifically Mining, a contrivance by which miners ascend or descend in a shaft. It consists of a series of landings in the shaft and an equal number of shelves on a vertical rod which has an up and down motion equal to the distance between the successive landings. A man steps from a landing to a shelf and is lifted or lowered to the next landing, upon which he them steps, and so on, traveling by successive stages.
Man Friday, a person wholly subservient to the will of another, like Robinson Crusoe's servant Friday.
Man of straw, a puppet; one who is controlled by others; also, one who is not responsible pecuniarily.
Man-of-the earth Bot., a twining plant (Ipomoea pandurata) with leaves and flowers much like those of the morning-glory, but having an immense tuberous farinaceous root.
Man of sin Script., one who is the embodiment of evil, whose coming is represented (--2 Thess. ii. 3) as preceding the second coming of Christ. [A Hebraistic expression]
Man of war. (a) A warrior; a soldier. --Shak. (b) Naut. See in the Vocabulary. (c) See Portuguese man-of-war under man-of-war and also see Physalia.
Man-stopping bullet Mil., a bullet which will produce a sufficient shock to stop a soldier advancing in a charge; specif., a small-caliber bullet so modified as to expand when striking the human body, producing a severe wound which is also difficult to treat medically. Types of bullets called hollow-nosed bullets, soft-nosed bullets and hollow-point bullets are classed as man-stopping. The dumdum bullet or dumdum is another well-known variety. Such bullets were originally designed for wars with savage tribes.
great man, a man2 who has become prominent due to substantial and widely admired contributions to social or intellectual endeavors; as, Einstein was one of the great men of the twentieth century.
To be one's own man, to have command of one's self; not to be subject to another.
Man v. t. [imp. & p. p. Manned p. pr. & vb. n. Manning.]
1. To supply with men; to furnish with a sufficient force or complement of men, as for management, service, defense, or the like; to guard; as, to man a ship, boat, or fort.
See how the surly Warwick mans the wall ! --Shak.
They man their boats, and all their young men arm. --Waller.
2. To furnish with strength for action; to prepare for efficiency; to fortify. “Theodosius having manned his soul with proper reflections.”
3. To tame, as a hawk. [R.]
4. To furnish with a servant or servants. [Obs.]
5. To wait on as a manservant. [Obs.]
Note: ☞ In “Othello,” V. ii. 270, the meaning is uncertain, being, perhaps: To point, to aim, or to manage.
To man a yard Naut., to send men upon a yard, as for furling or reefing a sail.
To man the yards Naut., to station men on the yards as a salute or mark of respect.
n 1: an adult male person (as opposed to a woman); "there were
two women and six men on the bus" [syn: adult male]
2: someone who serves in the armed forces; a member of a
military force; "two men stood sentry duty" [syn: serviceman,
military man, military personnel] [ant: civilian]
3: the generic use of the word to refer to any human being; "it
was every man for himself"
4: all of the inhabitants of the earth; "all the world loves a
lover"; "she always used `humankind' because `mankind'
seemed to slight the women" [syn: world, human race, humanity,
humankind, human beings, humans, mankind]
5: any living or extinct member of the family Hominidae [syn: homo,
human being, human]
6: a male subordinate; "the chief stationed two men outside the
building"; "he awaited word from his man in Havana"
7: an adult male person who has a manly character (virile and
courageous competent); "the army will make a man of you"
8: a male person who plays a significant role (husband or lover
or boyfriend) in the life of a particular woman; "she
takes good care of her man" [ant: woman]
9: a manservant who acts as a personal attendant to his
employer; "Jeeves was Bertie Wooster's man" [syn: valet,
valet de chambre, gentleman, gentleman's gentleman]
10: one of the British Isles in the Irish Sea [syn: Isle of Man]
11: game equipment consisting of an object used in playing
certain board games; "he taught me to set up the men on
the chess board"; "he sacrificed a piece to get a
strategic advantage" [syn: piece]
v 1: take charge of a certain job; occupy a certain work place;
"Mr. Smith manned the reception desk in the morning"
2: provide with men; "We cannot man all the desks"
[also: manning, manned, men (pl)]
(1.) Heb. 'Adam, used as the proper name of the first man. The
name is derived from a word meaning "to be red," and thus the
first man was called Adam because he was formed from the red
earth. It is also the generic name of the human race (Gen. 1:26,
27; 5:2; 8:21; Deut. 8:3). Its equivalents are the Latin homo
and the Greek anthropos (Matt. 5:13, 16). It denotes also man in
opposition to woman (Gen. 3:12; Matt. 19:10).
(2.) Heb. 'ish, like the Latin vir and Greek aner, denotes
properly a man in opposition to a woman (1 Sam. 17:33; Matt.
14:21); a husband (Gen. 3:16; Hos. 2:16); man with reference to
excellent mental qualities.
(3.) Heb. 'enosh, man as mortal, transient, perishable (2 Chr.
14:11; Isa. 8:1; Job 15:14; Ps. 8:4; 9:19, 20; 103:15). It is
applied to women (Josh. 8:25).
(4.) Heb. geber, man with reference to his strength, as
distinguished from women (Deut. 22:5) and from children (Ex.
12:37); a husband (Prov. 6:34).
(5.) Heb. methim, men as mortal (Isa. 41:14), and as opposed
to women and children (Deut. 3:6; Job 11:3; Isa. 3:25).
Man was created by the immediate hand of God, and is
generically different from all other creatures (Gen. 1:26, 27;
2:7). His complex nature is composed of two elements, two
distinct substances, viz., body and soul (Gen. 2:7; Eccl. 12:7;
2 Cor. 5:1-8).
The words translated "spirit" and "soul," in 1 Thess. 5:23,
Heb. 4:12, are habitually used interchangeably (Matt. 10:28;
16:26; 1 Pet. 1:22). The "spirit" (Gr. pneuma) is the soul as
rational; the "soul" (Gr. psuche) is the same, considered as the
animating and vital principle of the body.
Man was created in the likeness of God as to the perfection of
his nature, in knowledge (Col. 3:10), righteousness, and
holiness (Eph. 4:24), and as having dominion over all the
inferior creatures (Gen. 1:28). He had in his original state
God's law written on his heart, and had power to obey it, and
yet was capable of disobeying, being left to the freedom of his
own will. He was created with holy dispositions, prompting him
to holy actions; but he was fallible, and did fall from his
integrity (3:1-6). (See FALL.)