orig·i·nal /əˈrɪʤənḷ, ˈrɪʤnəl/
原始的; 正本; 原文; 原( 文 )件; 初始的
1. Pertaining to the origin or beginning; preceding all others; first in order; primitive; primary; pristine; as, the original state of man; the original laws of a country; the original inventor of a process.
His form had yet not lost
All her original brightness. --Milton.
2. Not copied, imitated, or translated; new; fresh; genuine; as, an original thought; an original process; the original text of Scripture.
3. Having the power to suggest new thoughts or combinations of thought; inventive; as, an original genius.
4. Before unused or unknown; new; as, a book full of original matter.
Original sin Theol., the first sin of Adam, as related to its consequences to his descendants of the human race; -- called also total depravity. See Calvinism.
1. Origin; commencement; source.
It hath it original from much grief. --Shak.
And spangled heavens, a shining frame,
Their great Original proclaim. --Addison.
2. That which precedes all others of its class; archetype; first copy; hence, an original work of art, manuscript, text, and the like, as distinguished from a copy, translation, etc.
The Scriptures may be now read in their own original. --Milton.
3. An original thinker or writer; an originator. [R.]
Men who are bad at copying, yet are good originals. --C. G. Leland.
4. A person of marked eccentricity. [Colloq.]
5. Zool. & Bot. The natural or wild species from which a domesticated or cultivated variety has been derived; as, the wolf is thought by some to be the original of the dog, the blackthorn the original of the plum.
adj 1: preceding all others in time or being as first made or
performed; "the original inhabitants of the Americas";
"the book still has its original binding"; "restored
the house to its original condition"; "the original
performance of the opera"; "the original cast";
"retracted his original statement"
2: (of e.g. information) not secondhand or by way of something
intermediary; "his work is based on only original, not
3: being or productive of something fresh and unusual; or being
as first made or thought of; "a truly original approach";
"with original music"; "an original mind" [ant: unoriginal]
4: not derived or copied or translated from something else;
"the play is original; not an adaptation"; "he kept the
original copy and gave her only a xerox"; "the translation
misses much of the subtlety of the original French"
n 1: an original creation (i.e., an audio recording) from which
copies can be made [syn: master, master copy]
2: an original model on which something is patterned [syn: archetype,