prim·i·tive /ˈprɪmətɪv/ 形容詞
1. Of or pertaining to the beginning or origin, or to early times; original; primordial; primeval; first; as, primitive innocence; the primitive church. “Our primitive great sire.”
2. Of or pertaining to a former time; old-fashioned; characterized by simplicity; as, a primitive style of dress.
3. Original; primary; radical; not derived; as, primitive verb in grammar.
Primitive axes of coordinate Geom., that system of axes to which the points of a magnitude are first referred, with reference to a second set or system, to which they are afterward referred.
Primitive chord Mus., that chord, the lowest note of which is of the same literal denomination as the fundamental base of the harmony; -- opposed to derivative. --Moore (Encyc. of Music).
Primitive circle Spherical Projection, the circle cut from the sphere to be projected, by the primitive plane.
Primitive colors Paint., primary colors. See under Color.
Primitive Fathers Eccl., the acknowledged Christian writers who flourished before the Council of Nice, A. D. 325. --Shipley.
Primitive groove Anat., a depression or groove in the epiblast of the primitive streak. It is not connected with the medullary groove, which appears later and in front of it.
Primitive plane Spherical Projection, the plane upon which the projections are made, generally coinciding with some principal circle of the sphere, as the equator or a meridian.
Primitive rocks Geol., primary rocks. See under Primary.
Primitive sheath. Anat. See Neurilemma.
Primitive streak or Primitive trace Anat., an opaque and thickened band where the mesoblast first appears in the vertebrate blastoderm.
Syn: -- First; original; radical; pristine; ancient; primeval; antiquated; old-fashioned.
Prim·i·tive, n. An original or primary word; a word not derived from another; -- opposed to derivative.
adj 1: belonging to an early stage of technical development;
characterized by simplicity and (often) crudeness;
"the crude weapons and rude agricultural implements of
early man"; "primitive movies of the 1890s";
"primitive living conditions in the Appalachian
mountains" [syn: crude, rude]
2: little evolved from or characteristic of an earlier
ancestral type; "archaic forms of life"; "primitive
mammals"; "the okapi is a short-necked primitive cousin of
the giraffe" [syn: archaic]
3: used of preliterate or tribal or nonindustrial societies;
4: of or created by one without formal training; simple or
naive in style; "primitive art such as that by Grandma
Moses is often colorful and striking"
n 1: a person who belongs to early stage of civilization [syn: primitive
2: a mathematical expression from which another expression is
3: a word serving as the basis for inflected or derived forms;
"`pick' is the primitive from which `picket' is derived"