sec·ond /ˈsɛkənd ||kənt, ||kən, kǝŋ/
秒; 第二( 的 )
1. One who, or that which, follows, or comes after; one next and inferior in place, time, rank, importance, excellence, or power.
An angel's second, nor his second long. --Young.
2. One who follows or attends another for his support and aid; a backer; an assistant; specifically, one who acts as another's aid in a duel.
Being sure enough of seconds after the first onset. --Sir H. Wotton.
3. Aid; assistance; help. [Obs.]
Give second, and my love
Is everlasting thine. --J. Fletcher.
4. pl. An article of merchandise of a grade inferior to the best; esp., a coarse or inferior kind of flour.
5. The sixtieth part of a minute of time or of a minute of space, that is, the second regular subdivision of the degree; as, sound moves about 1,140 English feet in a second; five minutes and ten seconds north of this place.
6. In the duodecimal system of mensuration, the twelfth part of an inch or prime; a line. See Inch, and Prime, n., 8.
7. Mus. (a) The interval between any tone and the tone which is represented on the degree of the staff next above it. (b) The second part in a concerted piece; -- often popularly applied to the alto.
Second hand, the hand which marks the seconds on the dial of a watch or a clock.
1. Immediately following the first; next to the first in order of place or time; hence, occurring again; another; other.
And he slept and dreamed the second time. --Gen. xli. 5.
2. Next to the first in value, power, excellence, dignity, or rank; secondary; subordinate; inferior.
May the day when we become the second people upon earth . . . be the day of our utter extirpation. --Landor.
3. Being of the same kind as another that has preceded; another, like a prototype; as, a second Cato; a second Troy; a second deluge.
A Daniel, still say I, a second Daniel! --Shak.
Second Adventist. See Adventist.
Second cousin, the child of a cousin.
Second-cut file. See under File.
Second distance Art, that part of a picture between the foreground and the background; -- called also middle ground, or middle distance. [R.]
Second estate Eng., the House of Peers.
Second girl, a female house-servant who does the lighter work, as chamber work or waiting on table.
Second intention. See under Intention.
Second story, Second floor, in America, the second range of rooms from the street level. This, in England, is called the first floor, the one beneath being the ground floor.
Second thought or Second thoughts, consideration of a matter following a first impulse or impression; reconsideration.
On second thoughts, gentlemen, I don't wish you had known him. --Dickens.
Sec·ond, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Seconded; p. pr. & vb. n. Seconding.]
1. To follow in the next place; to succeed; to alternate. [R.]
In the method of nature, a low valley is immediately seconded with an ambitious hill. --Fuller.
Sin is seconded with sin. --South.
2. To follow or attend for the purpose of assisting; to support; to back; to act as the second of; to assist; to forward; to encourage.
We have supplies to second our attempt. --Shak.
In human works though labored on with pain,
A thousand movements scarce one purpose gain;
In God's, one single can its end produce,
Yet serves to second too some other use. --Pope.
3. Specifically, Parliamentary Procedure to support, as a motion6 or proposal, by adding one's voice to that of the mover or proposer.
adj 1: coming next after the first in position in space or time or
degree or magnitude [syn: 2nd, 2d]
2: coming next after first; "a second chance"; "the second vice
3: a part or voice or instrument or orchestra section lower in
pitch than or subordinate to the first; "second flute";
"the second violins" [ant: first]
4: having the second highest gear ratio; "second gear"
n 1: 1/60 of a minute; the basic unit of time adopted under the
Systeme International d'Unites [syn: sec, s]
2: an indefinitely short time; "wait just a moment"; "it only
takes a minute"; "in just a bit" [syn: moment, minute,
3: the fielding position of the player on a baseball team who
is stationed near 2nd base [syn: second base]
4: a particular point in time; "the moment he arrived the party
began" [syn: moment, minute, instant]
5: following the first in an ordering or series; "he came in a
6: a 60th part of a minute of arc; "the treasure is 2 minutes
and 45 seconds south of here" [syn: arcsecond]
7: the official attendant of a contestant in a duel or boxing
8: a speech seconding a motion; "do I hear a second?" [syn: secondment,
9: the gear that has the second lowest forward gear ratio in
the gear box of a motor vehicle; "he had to shift down
into second to make the hill" [syn: second gear]
10: merchandise that has imperfections; usually sold at a
reduced price without the brand name [syn: irregular]
adv : in the second place; "second, we must consider the economy"
v 1: give support or one's approval to; "I'll second that
motion"; "I can't back this plan"; "endorse a new
project" [syn: back, endorse, indorse]
2: transfer an employee to a different, temporary assignment;
"The officer was seconded for duty overseas"