shift /ˈʃɪft/ 名詞
移位; 轉義,轉換 SFT,SHF
Shift v. t. [imp. & p. p. Shifted; p. pr. & vb. n. Shifting.]
1. To divide; to distribute; to apportion. [Obs.]
To which God of his bounty would shift
Crowns two of flowers well smelling. --Chaucer.
2. To change the place of; to move or remove from one place to another; as, to shift a burden from one shoulder to another; to shift the blame.
Hastily he schifte him[self]. --Piers Plowman.
Pare saffron between the two St. Mary's days,
Or set or go shift it that knowest the ways. --Tusser.
3. To change the position of; to alter the bearings of; to turn; as, to shift the helm or sails.
Carrying the oar loose, [they] shift it hither and thither at pleasure. --Sir W. Raleigh.
4. To exchange for another of the same class; to remove and to put some similar thing in its place; to change; as, to shift the clothes; to shift the scenes.
I would advise you to shift a shirt. --Shak.
5. To change the clothing of; -- used reflexively. [Obs.]
As it were to ride day and night; and . . . not to have patience to shift me. --Shak.
6. To put off or out of the way by some expedient. “I shifted him away.”
To shift off, to delay; to defer; to put off; to lay aside.
To shift the scene, to change the locality or the surroundings, as in a play or a story.
Shift the scene for half an hour;
Time and place are in thy power. --Swift.
Shift, v. i.
1. To divide; to distribute. [Obs.]
Some this, some that, as that him liketh shift. --Chaucer.
2. To make a change or changes; to change position; to move; to veer; to substitute one thing for another; -- used in the various senses of the transitive verb.
The sixth age shifts
Into the lean and slippered pantaloon. --Shak.
Here the Baillie shifted and fidgeted about in his seat. --Sir W. Scott.
3. To resort to expedients for accomplishing a purpose; to contrive; to manage.
Men in distress will look to themselves, and leave their companions to shift as well as they can. --L'Estrange.
4. To practice indirect or evasive methods.
All those schoolmen, though they were exceeding witty, yet better teach all their followers to shift, than to resolve by their distinctions. --Sir W. Raleigh.
5. Naut. To slip to one side of a ship, so as to destroy the equilibrum; -- said of ballast or cargo; as, the cargo shifted.
1. The act of shifting. Specifically: (a) The act of putting one thing in the place of another, or of changing the place of a thing; change; substitution.
My going to Oxford was not merely for shift of air. --Sir H. Wotton.
(b) A turning from one thing to another; hence, an expedient tried in difficulty; often, an evasion; a trick; a fraud. “Reduced to pitiable shifts.”
I 'll find a thousand shifts to get away. --Shak.
Little souls on little shifts rely. --Dryden.
2. Something frequently shifted; especially, a woman's under-garment; a chemise.
3. The change of one set of workmen for another; hence, a spell, or turn, of work; also, a set of workmen who work in turn with other sets; as, a night shift.
4. In building, the extent, or arrangement, of the overlapping of plank, brick, stones, etc., that are placed in courses so as to break joints.
5. Mining A breaking off and dislocation of a seam; a fault.
6. Mus. A change of the position of the hand on the finger board, in playing the violin.
To make shift, to contrive or manage in an exigency. “I shall make shift to go without him.”
[They] made a shift to keep their own in Ireland. --Milton.
n 1: an event in which something is displaced without rotation
2: a qualitative change [syn: transformation, transmutation]
3: the time period during which you are at work [syn: work
shift, duty period]
4: the act of changing one thing or position for another; "his
switch on abortion cost him the election" [syn: switch,
5: the act of moving from one place to another; "his constant
shifting disrupted the class" [syn: shifting]
6: (geology) a crack in the earth's crust resulting from the
displacement of one side with respect to the other; "they
built it right over a geological fault" [syn: fault, geological
fault, fracture, break]
7: a group of workers who work for a specific period of time
8: a woman's sleeveless undergarment [syn: chemise, shimmy,
slip, teddies, teddy]
9: a loose-fitting dress hanging straight from the shoulders
without a waist [syn: chemise, sack]
v 1: make a shift in or exchange of; "First Joe led; then we
switched" [syn: switch, change over]
2: change place or direction; "Shift one's position" [syn: dislodge,
3: move around; "transfer the packet from his trouser pockets
to a pocket in his jacket" [syn: transfer]
4: move very slightly; "He shifted in his seat" [syn: stir, budge,
5: move from one setting or context to another; "shift the
emphasis"; "shift one's attention"
6: change in quality; "His tone shifted"
7: move and exchange for another; "shift the date for our class
8: move sideways or in an unsteady way; "The ship careened out
of control" [syn: careen, wobble, tilt]
9: move abruptly; "The ship suddenly lurched to the left" [syn:
10: use a shift key on a keyboard; "She could not shift so all
ther letters are written in lower case"
11: change phonetically as part of a systematic historical
change; "Grimm showed how the consonants shifted"
12: change gears; "you have to shift when you go down a steep
13: lay aside, abandon, or leave for another; "switch to a
different brand of beer"; "She switched psychiatrists";
"The car changed lanes" [syn: switch, change]