frac·ture /ˈfrækʧɚ, ʃɚ/ 名詞
1. The act of breaking or snapping asunder; rupture; breach.
2. Surg. The breaking of a bone.
3. Min. The texture of a freshly broken surface; as, a compact fracture; an even, hackly, or conchoidal fracture.
Comminuted fracture Surg., a fracture in which the bone is broken into several parts.
Complicated fracture Surg., a fracture of the bone combined with the lesion of some artery, nervous trunk, or joint.
Compound fracture Surg., a fracture in which there is an open wound from the surface down to the fracture.
Simple fracture Surg., a fracture in which the bone only is ruptured. It does not communicate with the surface by an open wound.
Syn: -- Fracture, Rupture.
Usage: These words denote different kinds of breaking, according to the objects to which they are applied. Fracture is applied to hard substances; as, the fracture of a bone. Rupture is oftener applied to soft substances; as, the rupture of a blood vessel. It is also used figuratively. “To be an enemy and once to have been a friend, does it not embitter the rupture?”
Frac·ture v. t. [imp. & p. p. Fractured p. pr. & vb. n.. Fracturing.] To cause a fracture or fractures in; to break; to burst asunder; to crack; to separate the continuous parts of; as, to fracture a bone; to fracture the skull.
n 1: breaking of hard tissue such as bone; "it was a nasty
fracture"; "the break seems to have been caused by a
fall" [syn: break]
2: (geology) a crack in the earth's crust resulting from the
displacement of one side with respect to the other; "they
built it right over a geological fault" [syn: fault, geological
fault, shift, break]
3: the act of cracking something [syn: crack, cracking]
v 1: violate or abuse; "This writer really fractures the
2: interrupt, break, or destroy; "fracture the balance of
3: break into pieces; "The pothole fractured a bolt on the
4: become fractured; "The tibia fractured from the blow of the
5: break (a bone); "She broke her clavicle"
6: fracture a bone of; "I broke my foot while playing hockey"