blood /ˈbləd/ 名詞
1. The fluid which circulates in the principal vascular system of animals, carrying nourishment to all parts of the body, and bringing away waste products to be excreted. See under Arterial.
Note: ☞ The blood consists of a liquid, the plasma, containing minute particles, the blood corpuscles. In the invertebrate animals it is usually nearly colorless, and contains only one kind of corpuscles; but in all vertebrates, except Amphioxus, it contains some colorless corpuscles, with many more which are red and give the blood its uniformly red color. See Corpuscle, Plasma.
2. Relationship by descent from a common ancestor; consanguinity; kinship.
To share the blood of Saxon royalty. --Sir W. Scott.
A friend of our own blood. --Waller.
Half blood Law, relationship through only one parent.
Whole blood, relationship through both father and mother. In American Law, blood includes both half blood, and whole blood.
3. Descent; lineage; especially, honorable birth; the highest royal lineage.
Give us a prince of blood, a son of Priam. --Shak.
I am a gentleman of blood and breeding. --Shak.
4. Stock Breeding Descent from parents of recognized breed; excellence or purity of breed.
Note: ☞ In stock breeding half blood is descent showing one half only of pure breed. Blue blood, full blood, or warm blood, is the same as blood.
5. The fleshy nature of man.
Nor gives it satisfaction to our blood. --Shak.
6. The shedding of blood; the taking of life, murder; manslaughter; destruction.
So wills the fierce, avenging sprite,
Till blood for blood atones. --Hood.
7. A bloodthirsty or murderous disposition. [R.]
He was a thing of blood, whose every motion
Was timed with dying cries. --Shak.
8. Temper of mind; disposition; state of the passions; -- as if the blood were the seat of emotions.
When you perceive his blood inclined to mirth. --Shak.
Note: ☞ Often, in this sense, accompanied with bad, cold, warm, or other qualifying word. Thus, to commit an act in cold blood, is to do it deliberately, and without sudden passion; to do it in bad blood, is to do it in anger. Warm blood denotes a temper inflamed or irritated. To warm or heat the blood is to excite the passions. Qualified by up, excited feeling or passion is signified; as, my blood was up.
9. A man of fire or spirit; a fiery spark; a gay, showy man; a rake.
Seest thou not . . . how giddily 'a turns about all the hot bloods between fourteen and five and thirty? --Shak.
It was the morning costume of a dandy or blood. --Thackeray.
10. The juice of anything, especially if red.
He washed . . . his clothes in the blood of grapes. --Gen. xiix. 11.
Note: ☞ Blood is often used as an adjective, and as the first part of self-explaining compound words; as, blood-bespotted, blood-bought, blood-curdling, blood-dyed, blood-red, blood-spilling, blood-stained, blood-warm, blood-won.
Blood baptism Eccl. Hist., the martyrdom of those who had not been baptized. They were considered as baptized in blood, and this was regarded as a full substitute for literal baptism.
Blood blister, a blister or bleb containing blood or bloody serum, usually caused by an injury.
Blood brother, brother by blood or birth.
Blood clam Zool., a bivalve mollusk of the genus Arca and allied genera, esp. Argina pexata of the American coast. So named from the color of its flesh.
Blood corpuscle. See Corpuscle.
Blood crystal Physiol., one of the crystals formed by the separation in a crystalline form of the hæmoglobin of the red blood corpuscles; hæmatocrystallin. All blood does not yield blood crystals.
Blood heat, heat equal to the temperature of human blood, or about 98½ ° Fahr.
Blood horse, a horse whose blood or lineage is derived from the purest and most highly prized origin or stock.
Blood money. See in the Vocabulary.
Blood orange, an orange with dark red pulp.
Blood poisoning Med., a morbid state of the blood caused by the introduction of poisonous or infective matters from without, or the absorption or retention of such as are produced in the body itself; toxæmia.
Blood pudding, a pudding made of blood and other materials.
Blood relation, one connected by blood or descent.
Blood spavin. See under Spavin.
Blood vessel. See in the Vocabulary.
Blue blood, the blood of noble or aristocratic families, which, according to a Spanish prover , has in it a tinge of blue; -- hence, a member of an old and aristocratic family.
Flesh and blood. (a) A blood relation, esp. a child. (b) Human nature.
In blood Hunting, in a state of perfect health and vigor. --Shak.
To let blood. See under Let.
Prince of the blood, the son of a sovereign, or the issue of a royal family. The sons, brothers, and uncles of the sovereign are styled princes of the blood royal; and the daughters, sisters, and aunts are princesses of the blood royal.
Blood v. t. [imp. & p. p. Blooded; p. pr. & vb. n. Blooding.]
1. To bleed. [Obs.]
2. To stain, smear or wet, with blood. [Archaic]
Reach out their spears afar,
And blood their points. --Dryden.
3. To give (hounds or soldiers) a first taste or sight of blood, as in hunting or war.
It was most important too that his troops should be blooded. --Macaulay.
4. To heat the blood of; to exasperate. [Obs.]
The auxiliary forces of the French and English were much blooded one against another. --Bacon.
n 1: the fluid (red in vertebrates) that is pumped by the heart;
"blood carries oxygen and nutrients to the tissues and
carries waste products away"; "the ancients believed
that blood was the seat of the emotions"
2: the descendants of one individual; "his entire lineage has
been warriors" [syn: lineage, line, line of descent,
descent, bloodline, blood line, pedigree, ancestry,
origin, parentage, stemma, stock]
3: the shedding of blood resulting in murder; "he avenged the
blood of his kinsmen" [syn: bloodshed, gore]
4: temperament or disposition; "a person of hot blood"
5: a dissolute man in fashionable society [syn: rake, profligate,
6: people viewed as members of a group; "we need more young
blood in this organization"
v : smear with blood, as in a hunting initiation rite, where the
face of a person is smeared with the blood of the kill
(1.) As food, prohibited in Gen. 9:4, where the use of animal
food is first allowed. Comp. Deut. 12:23; Lev. 3:17; 7:26;
17:10-14. The injunction to abstain from blood is renewed in the
decree of the council of Jerusalem (Acts 15:29). It has been
held by some, and we think correctly, that this law of
prohibition was only ceremonial and temporary; while others
regard it as still binding on all. Blood was eaten by the
Israelites after the battle of Gilboa (1 Sam. 14:32-34).
(2.) The blood of sacrifices was caught by the priest in a
basin, and then sprinkled seven times on the altar; that of the
passover on the doorposts and lintels of the houses (Ex. 12;
Lev. 4:5-7; 16:14-19). At the giving of the law (Ex. 24:8) the
blood of the sacrifices was sprinkled on the people as well as
on the altar, and thus the people were consecrated to God, or
entered into covenant with him, hence the blood of the covenant
(Matt. 26:28; Heb. 9:19, 20; 10:29; 13:20).
(3.) Human blood. The murderer was to be punished (Gen. 9:5).
The blood of the murdered "crieth for vengeance" (Gen. 4:10).
The "avenger of blood" was the nearest relative of the murdered,
and he was required to avenge his death (Num. 35:24, 27). No
satisfaction could be made for the guilt of murder (Num. 35:31).
(4.) Blood used metaphorically to denote race (Acts 17:26),
and as a symbol of slaughter (Isa. 34:3). To "wash the feet in
blood" means to gain a great victory (Ps. 58:10). Wine, from its
red colour, is called "the blood of the grape" (Gen. 49:11).
Blood and water issued from our Saviour's side when it was
pierced by the Roman soldier (John 19:34). This has led
pathologists to the conclusion that the proper cause of Christ's
death was rupture of the heart. (Comp. Ps. 69:20.)