waste /ˈwest/ 名詞
1. Desolate; devastated; stripped; bare; hence, dreary; dismal; gloomy; cheerless.
The dismal situation waste and wild. --Milton.
His heart became appalled as he gazed forward into the waste darkness of futurity. --Sir W. Scott.
2. Lying unused; unproductive; worthless; valueless; refuse; rejected; as, waste land; waste paper.
But his waste words returned to him in vain. --Spenser.
Not a waste or needless sound,
Till we come to holier ground. --Milton.
Ill day which made this beauty waste. --Emerson.
3. Lost for want of occupiers or use; superfluous.
And strangled with her waste fertility. --Milton.
Waste gate, a gate by which the superfluous water of a reservoir, or the like, is discharged.
Waste paper. See under Paper.
Waste pipe, a pipe for carrying off waste, or superfluous, water or other fluids. Specifically: (a) Steam Boilers An escape pipe. See under Escape. (b) Plumbing The outlet pipe at the bottom of a bowl, tub, sink, or the like.
Waste steam. (a) Steam which escapes the air. (b) Exhaust steam.
Waste trap, a trap for a waste pipe, as of a sink.
Waste, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Wasted; p. pr. & vb. n. Wasting.]
1. To bring to ruin; to devastate; to desolate; to destroy.
Thou barren ground, whom winter's wrath hath wasted,
Art made a mirror to behold my plight. --Spenser.
Insults our walls, and wastes our fruitful grounds. --Dryden.
2. To wear away by degrees; to impair gradually; to diminish by constant loss; to use up; to consume; to spend; to wear out.
Until your carcasses be wasted in the wilderness. --Num. xiv. 33.
O, were I able
To waste it all myself, and leave ye none! --Milton.
To waste eternal days in woe and pain. --Milton.
Wasted by such a course of life, the infirmities of age daily grew on him. --Robertson.
3. To spend unnecessarily or carelessly; to employ prodigally; to expend without valuable result; to apply to useless purposes; to lavish vainly; to squander; to cause to be lost; to destroy by scattering or injury.
The younger son gathered all together, and . . . wasted his substance with riotous living. --Luke xv. 13.
Full many a flower is born to blush unseen,
And waste its sweetness on the desert air. --Gray.
4. Law To damage, impair, or injure, as an estate, voluntarily, or by suffering the buildings, fences, etc., to go to decay.
Syn: -- To squander; dissipate; lavish; desolate.
Waste v. i.
1. To be diminished; to lose bulk, substance, strength, value, or the like, gradually; to be consumed; to dwindle; to grow less; -- commonly used with away.
The time wasteth night and day. --Chaucer.
The barrel of meal shall not waste. --1 Kings xvii. 14.
But man dieth, and wasteth away. --Job xiv. 10.
2. Sporting To procure or sustain a reduction of flesh; -- said of a jockey in preparation for a race, etc.
1. The act of wasting, or the state of being wasted; a squandering; needless destruction; useless consumption or expenditure; devastation; loss without equivalent gain; gradual loss or decrease, by use, wear, or decay; as, a waste of property, time, labor, words, etc. “Waste . . . of catel and of time.”
For all this waste of wealth loss of blood. --Milton.
He will never . . . in the way of waste, attempt us again. --Shak.
Little wastes in great establishments, constantly occurring, may defeat the energies of a mighty capital. --L. Beecher.
2. That which is wasted or desolate; a devastated, uncultivated, or wild country; a deserted region; an unoccupied or unemployed space; a dreary void; a desert; a wilderness. “The wastes of Nature.”
All the leafy nation sinks at last,
And Vulcan rides in triumph o'er the waste. --Dryden.
The gloomy waste of waters which bears his name is his tomb and his monument. --Bancroft.
3. That which is of no value; worthless remnants; refuse. Specifically: Remnants of cops, or other refuse resulting from the working of cotton, wool, hemp, and the like, used for wiping machinery, absorbing oil in the axle boxes of railway cars, etc.
4. Law Spoil, destruction, or injury, done to houses, woods, fences, lands, etc., by a tenant for life or for years, to the prejudice of the heir, or of him in reversion or remainder.
Note: ☞ Waste is voluntary, as by pulling down buildings; or permissive, as by suffering them to fall for want of necessary repairs. Whatever does a lasting damage to the freehold is a waste.
5. Mining Old or abandoned workings, whether left as vacant space or filled with refuse.
6. Phys. Geog. Material derived by mechanical and chemical erosion from the land, carried by streams to the sea.
Syn: -- Prodigality; diminution; loss; dissipation; destruction; devastation; havoc; desolation; ravage.
adj 1: disposed of as useless; "waste paper" [syn: cast-off(a), discarded,
2: located in a dismal or remote area; desolate; "a desert
island"; "a godforsaken wilderness crossroads"; "a wild
stretch of land"; "waste places" [syn: desert, godforsaken,
n 1: any materials unused and rejected as worthless or unwanted;
"they collect the waste once a week"; "much of the waste
material is carried off in the sewers" [syn: waste
material, waste matter, waste product]
2: useless or profitless activity; using or expending or
consuming thoughtlessly or carelessly; "if the effort
brings no compensating gain it is a waste"; "mindless
dissipation of natural resources" [syn: wastefulness, dissipation]
3: the trait of wasting resources; "a life characterized by
thriftlessness and waste"; "the wastefulness of missed
opportunities" [syn: thriftlessness, wastefulness]
4: an uninhabited wilderness that is worthless for cultivation;
"the barrens of central Africa"; "the trackless wastes of
the desert" [syn: barren, wasteland]
5: (law) reduction in the value of an estate caused by act or
neglect [syn: permissive waste]
v 1: spend thoughtlessly; throw away; "He wasted his inheritance
on his insincere friends"; "You squandered the
opportunity to get and advanced degree" [syn: blow, squander]
2: use inefficiently or inappropriately; "waste heat"; "waste a
joke on an unappreciative audience"
3: get rid of; "We waste the dirty water by channeling it into
4: run off as waste; "The water wastes back into the ocean"
[syn: run off]
5: get rid of (someone who may be a threat) by killing; "The
mafia liquidated the informer"; "the double agent was
neutralized" [syn: neutralize, neutralise, liquidate,
knock off, do in]
6: spend extravagantly; "waste not, want not" [syn: consume,
7: lose vigor, health, or flesh, as through grief; "After her
husband died, she just pined away" [syn: pine away, languish]
8: cause to grow thin or weak; "The treatment emaciated him"
[syn: emaciate, macerate]
9: devastate or ravage; "The enemy lay waste to the countryside
after the invasion" [syn: lay waste to, devastate, desolate,
10: waste away; "Political prisoners are wasting away in many
prisons all over the world" [syn: rot]