prep·a·ra·tion /ˌprɛpəˈreʃən/ 名詞
1. The act of preparing or fitting beforehand for a particular purpose, use, service, or condition; previous arrangement or adaptation; a making ready; as, the preparation of land for a crop of wheat; the preparation of troops for a campaign.
2. The state of being prepared or made ready; preparedness; readiness; fitness; as, a nation in good preparation for war.
3. That which makes ready, prepares the way, or introduces; a preparatory act or measure.
I will show what preparations there were in nature for this dissolution. --T. Burnet.
4. That which is prepared, made, or compounded by a certain process or for a particular purpose; a combination. Specifically: (a) Any medicinal substance fitted for use. (b) Anything treated for preservation or examination as a specimen. (c) Something prepared for use in cookery.
I wish the chemists had been more sparing who magnify their preparations. --Sir T. Browne.
In the preparations of cookery, the most volatile parts of vegetables are destroyed. --Arbuthnot.
5. An army or fleet. [Obs.]
6. Mus. The holding over of a note from one chord into the next chord, where it forms a temporary discord, until resolved in the chord that follows; the anticipation of a discordant note in the preceding concord, so that the ear is prepared for the shock. See Suspension.
7. Accomplishment; qualification. [Obs.]
n 1: the activity of putting or setting in order in advance of
some act or purpose; "preparations for the ceremony had
begun" [syn: readying]
2: a substance prepared according to a formula [syn: formulation]
3: the cognitive process of thinking about what you will do in
the event of something happening; "his planning for
retirement was hindered by several uncertainties" [syn: planning,
4: the state of having been made ready or prepared for use or
action (especially military action); "putting them in
readiness"; "their preparation was more than adequate"
[syn: readiness, preparedness]
5: (music) a note that produces a dissonant chord is first
heard in a consonant chord; "the resolution of one
dissonance is often the preparation for another disonance"
6: activity leading to skilled behavior [syn: training, grooming]
7: preparatory school work done outside school (especially at
home) [syn: homework, prep]
8: the act of preparing something (as food) by the application
of heat; "cooking can be a great art"; "people are needed
who have experience in cookery"; "he left the preparation
of meals to his wife" [syn: cooking, cookery]