wheat /ˈhwit, ˈwit/
Wheat n. Bot. A cereal grass (Triticum vulgare) and its grain, which furnishes a white flour for bread, and, next to rice, is the grain most largely used by the human race.
Note: ☞ Of this grain the varieties are numerous, as red wheat, white wheat, bald wheat, bearded wheat, winter wheat, summer wheat, and the like. Wheat is not known to exist as a wild native plant, and all statements as to its origin are either incorrect or at best only guesses.
Buck wheat. Bot. See Buckwheat.
German wheat. Bot. See 2d Spelt.
Guinea wheat Bot., a name for Indian corn.
Indian wheat, or Tartary wheat Bot., a grain (Fagopyrum Tartaricum) much like buckwheat, but only half as large.
Turkey wheat Bot., a name for Indian corn.
Wheat aphid, or Wheat aphis Zool., any one of several species of Aphis and allied genera, which suck the sap of growing wheat.
Wheat beetle. Zool. (a) A small, slender, rusty brown beetle (Sylvanus Surinamensis) whose larvae feed upon wheat, rice, and other grains. (b) A very small, reddish brown, oval beetle (Anobium paniceum) whose larvae eat the interior of grains of wheat.
Wheat duck Zool., the American widgeon. [Western U. S.]
Wheat fly. Zool. Same as Wheat midge, below.
Wheat grass Bot., a kind of grass (Agropyrum caninum) somewhat resembling wheat. It grows in the northern parts of Europe and America.
Wheat jointworm. Zool. See Jointworm.
Wheat louse Zool., any wheat aphid.
Wheat maggot Zool., the larva of a wheat midge.
Wheat midge. Zool. (a) A small two-winged fly (Diplosis tritici) which is very destructive to growing wheat, both in Europe and America. The female lays her eggs in the flowers of wheat, and the larvae suck the juice of the young kernels and when full grown change to pupae in the earth. (b) The Hessian fly. See under Hessian.
Wheat moth Zool., any moth whose larvae devour the grains of wheat, chiefly after it is harvested; a grain moth. See Angoumois Moth, also Grain moth, under Grain.
Wheat thief Bot., gromwell; -- so called because it is a troublesome weed in wheat fields. See Gromwell.
Wheat thrips Zool., a small brown thrips (Thrips cerealium) which is very injurious to the grains of growing wheat.
Wheat weevil. Zool. (a) The grain weevil. (b) The rice weevil when found in wheat.
n 1: annual or biennial grass having erect flower spikes and
light brown grains [syn: corn]
2: grains of common wheat; sometimes cooked whole or cracked as
cereal; usually ground into flour [syn: wheat berry]
one of the earliest cultivated grains. It bore the Hebrew name
_hittah_, and was extensively cultivated in Palestine. There are
various species of wheat. That which Pharaoh saw in his dream
was the Triticum compositum, which bears several ears upon one
stalk (Gen. 41:5). The "fat of the kidneys of wheat" (Deut.
32:14), and the "finest of the wheat" (Ps. 81:16; 147:14),
denote the best of the kind. It was exported from Palestine in
great quantities (1 Kings 5:11; Ezek. 27:17; Acts 12:20).
Parched grains of wheat were used for food in Palestine (Ruth
2:14; 1 Sam. 17:17; 2 Sam. 17:28). The disciples, under the
sanction of the Mosaic law (Deut. 23:25), plucked ears of corn,
and rubbing them in their hands, ate the grain unroasted (Matt.
12:1; Mark 2:23; Luke 6:1). Before any of the wheat-harvest,
however, could be eaten, the first-fruits had to be presented
before the Lord (Lev. 23:14).