Fat, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Fatted p. pr. & vb. n. atting ] To make fat; to fatten; to make plump and fleshy with abundant food; as, to fat fowls or sheep.
We fat all creatures else to fat us. --Shak.
Fat, v. i. To grow fat, plump, and fleshy.
An old ox fats as well, and is as good, as a young one. --Mortimer.
1. A large tub, cistern, or vessel; a vat. [Obs.]
The fats shall overflow with wine and oil. --Joel ii. 24.
2. A measure of quantity, differing for different commodities. [Obs.]
Fat, a. [Compar. Fatter superl. Fattest ]
1. Abounding with fat; as: (a) Fleshy; characterized by fatness; plump; corpulent; not lean; as, a fat man; a fat ox. (b) Oily; greasy; unctuous; rich; -- said of food.
2. Exhibiting the qualities of a fat animal; coarse; heavy; gross; dull; stupid.
Making our western wits fat and mean. --Emerson.
Make the heart of this people fat. --Is. vi. 10.
3. Fertile; productive; as, a fat soil; a fat pasture.
4. Rich; producing a large income; desirable; as, a fat benefice; a fat office; a fat job.
Now parson of Troston, a fat living in Suffolk. --Carlyle.
5. Abounding in riches; affluent; fortunate. [Obs.]
Persons grown fat and wealthy by long impostures. --Swift.
6. Typog. Of a character which enables the compositor to make large wages; -- said of matter containing blank, cuts, or many leads, etc.; as, a fat take; a fat page.
Fat lute, a mixture of pipe clay and oil for filling joints.
1. Physiol. Chem. An oily liquid or greasy substance making up the main bulk of the adipose tissue of animals, and widely distributed in the seeds of plants. See Adipose tissue, under Adipose.
Note: ☞ Animal fats are composed mainly of three distinct fats, tristearin, tripalmitin, and triolein, mixed in varying proportions. As olein is liquid at ordinary temperatures, while the other two fats are solid, it follows that the consistency or hardness of fats depends upon the relative proportion of the three individual fats. During the life of an animal, the fat is mainly in a liquid state in the fat cells, owing to the solubility of the two solid fats in the more liquid olein at the body temperature. Chemically, fats are composed of fatty acid, as stearic, palmitic, oleic, etc., united with glyceryl. In butter fat, olein and palmitin predominate, mixed with another fat characteristic of butter, butyrin. In the vegetable kingdom many other fats or glycerides are to be found, as myristin from nutmegs, a glyceride of lauric acid in the fat of the bay tree, etc.
2. The best or richest productions; the best part; as, to live on the fat of the land.
3. Typog. Work. containing much blank, or its equivalent, and, therefore, profitable to the compositor.
Fat acid. Chem. See Sebacic acid, under Sebacic.
Fat series, Fatty series Chem., the series of the paraffine hydrocarbons and their derivatives; the marsh gas or methane series.
Natural fats Chem., the group of oily substances of natural occurrence, as butter, lard, tallow, etc., as distinguished from certain fatlike substance of artificial production, as paraffin. Most natural fats are essentially mixtures of triglycerides of fatty acids.
adj 1: having much flesh (especially fat); "he hadn't remembered
how fat she was" [ant: thin]
2: having a relatively large diameter; "a fat rope"
3: containing or composed of fat; "fatty food"; "fat tissue"
[syn: fatty] [ant: nonfat]
4: lucrative; "a juicy contract"; "a nice fat job" [syn: juicy]
5: marked by great fruitfulness; "fertile farmland"; "a fat
land"; "a productive vineyard"; "rich soil" [syn: fertile,
6: a chubby body; "the boy had a rounded face and fat cheeks"
n 1: a soft greasy substance occurring in organic tissue and
consisting of a mixture of lipids (mostly
triglycerides); "pizza has too much fat"
2: a kind of body tissue containing stored fat that serves as a
source of energy; adipose tissue also cushions and
insulates vital organs; "fatty tissue protected them from
the severe cold" [syn: adipose tissue, fatty tissue]
3: excess bodily weight; "she found fatness disgusting in
herself as well as in others" [syn: fatness, blubber,
avoirdupois] [ant: leanness]
v : make fat or plump; "We will plump out that poor starving
child" [syn: fatten, flesh out, fill out, plump,
plump out, fatten out, fatten up]
[also: fatting, fatted, fattest, fatter]
(Heb. heleb) denotes the richest part of the animal, or the
fattest of the flock, in the account of Abel's sacrifice (Gen.
4:4). It sometimes denotes the best of any production (Gen.
45:18; Num. 18:12; Ps. 81:16; 147:47). The fat of sacrifices was
to be burned (Lev. 3:9-11; 4:8; 7:3; 8:25; Num. 18:17. Comp. Ex.
29:13-22; Lev. 3:3-5).
It is used figuratively for a dull, stupid state of mind (Ps
In Joel 2:24 the word is equivalent to "vat," a vessel. The
hebrew word here thus rendered is elsewhere rendered "wine-fat"
and "press-fat" (Hag. 2:16; Isa. 63:2).