sub·stance /ˈsəbstən(t)s/ 名詞
Sub·stance, v. t. To furnish or endow with substance; to supply property to; to make rich. [Obs.]
1. That which underlies all outward manifestations; substratum; the permanent subject or cause of phenomena, whether material or spiritual; that in which properties inhere; that which is real, in distinction from that which is apparent; the abiding part of any existence, in distinction from any accident; that which constitutes anything what it is; real or existing essence.
These cooks, how they stamp, and strain, and grind,
And turn substance into accident! --Chaucer.
Heroic virtue did his actions guide,
And he the substance, not the appearance, chose. --Dryden.
2. The most important element in any existence; the characteristic and essential components of anything; the main part; essential import; purport.
This edition is the same in substance with the Latin. --Bp. Burnet.
It is insolent in words, in manner; but in substance it is not only insulting, but alarming. --Burke.
3. Body; matter; material of which a thing is made; hence, substantiality; solidity; firmness; as, the substance of which a garment is made; some textile fabrics have little substance.
4. Material possessions; estate; property; resources.
And there wasted his substance with riotous living. --Luke xv. 13.
Thy substance, valued at the highest rate,
Can not amount unto a hundred marks. --Shak.
We are destroying many thousand lives, and exhausting our substance, but not for our own interest. --Swift.
5. Theol. Same as Hypostasis, 2.
n 1: that which has mass and occupies space; "an atom is the
smallest indivisible unit of matter" [syn: matter]
2: the stuff of which an object consists
3: the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some
idea or experience; "the gist of the prosecutor's
argument"; "the heart and soul of the Republican Party";
"the nub of the story" [syn: kernel, core, center, essence,
gist, heart, heart and soul, inwardness, marrow,
meat, nub, pith, sum, nitty-gritty]
4: the idea that is intended; "What is the meaning of this
proverb?" [syn: meaning]
5: considerable capital (wealth or income); "he is a man of
means" [syn: means]
6: what a communication that is about something is about [syn:
message, content, subject matter]