sub·ject /ˈsʌbʤɪkt, (ˌ)ʤɛkt/
主題,臣民,主語,題目,學科,受治療者,原因,理由,自我(a.)服從的,科目 ; (為了搜尋方便,E-MAIL上的信件都有一個主題欄, 此欄用來描述信的主要內容)
sub·ject /ˈsəbʤɪkt/ 名詞
1. Placed or situated under; lying below, or in a lower situation. [Obs.]
2. Placed under the power of another; specifically International Law, owing allegiance to a particular sovereign or state; as, Jamaica is subject to Great Britain.
Esau was never subject to Jacob. --Locke.
3. Exposed; liable; prone; disposed; as, a country subject to extreme heat; men subject to temptation.
All human things are subject to decay. --Dryden.
4. Obedient; submissive.
Put them in mind to be subject to principalities. --Titus iii. 1.
Syn: -- Liable; subordinate; inferior; obnoxious; exposed. See Liable.
Sub·ject v. t. [imp. & p. p. Subjected p. pr. & vb. n. Subjecting.]
1. To bring under control, power, or dominion; to make subject; to subordinate; to subdue.
Firmness of mind that subjects every gratification of sense to the rule of right reason. --C. Middleton.
In one short view subjected to our eye,
Gods, emperors, heroes, sages, beauties, lie. --Pope.
He is the most subjected, the most ░nslaved, who is so in his understanding. --Locke.
2. To expose; to make obnoxious or liable; as, credulity subjects a person to impositions.
3. To submit; to make accountable.
God is not bound to subject his ways of operation to the scrutiny of our thoughts. --Locke.
4. To make subservient.
Subjected to his service angel wings. --Milton.
5. To cause to undergo; as, to subject a substance to a white heat; to subject a person to a rigid test.
1. That which is placed under the authority, dominion, control, or influence of something else.
2. Specifically: One who is under the authority of a ruler and is governed by his laws; one who owes allegiance to a sovereign or a sovereign state; as, a subject of Queen Victoria; a British subject; a subject of the United States.
Was never subject longed to be a king,
As I do long and wish to be a subject. --Shak.
The subject must obey his prince, because God commands it, human laws require it. --Swift.
Note: ☞ In international law, the term subject is convertible with citizen.
3. That which is subjected, or submitted to, any physical operation or process; specifically Anat., a dead body used for the purpose of dissection.
4. That which is brought under thought or examination; that which is taken up for discussion, or concerning which anything is said or done. “This subject for heroic song.”
Make choice of a subject, beautiful and noble, which . . . shall afford an ample field of matter wherein to expatiate. --Dryden.
The unhappy subject of these quarrels. --Shak.
5. The person who is treated of; the hero of a piece; the chief character.
Writers of particular lives . . . are apt to be prejudiced in favor of their subject. --C. Middleton.
6. Logic & Gram. That of which anything is affirmed or predicated; the theme of a proposition or discourse; that which is spoken of; as, the nominative case is the subject of the verb.
The subject of a proposition is that concerning which anything is affirmed or denied. --I. Watts.
7. That in which any quality, attribute, or relation, whether spiritual or material, inheres, or to which any of these appertain; substance; substratum.
That which manifests its qualities -- in other words, that in which the appearing causes inhere, that to which they belong -- is called their subject or substance, or substratum. --Sir W. Hamilton.
8. Hence, that substance or being which is conscious of its own operations; the mind; the thinking agent or principal; the ego. Cf. Object, n., 2.
The philosophers of mind have, in a manner, usurped and appropriated this expression to themselves. Accordingly, in their hands, the phrases conscious or thinking subject, and subject, mean precisely the same thing. --Sir W. Hamilton.
9. Mus. The principal theme, or leading thought or phrase, on which a composition or a movement is based.
The earliest known form of subject is the ecclesiastical cantus firmus, or plain song. --Rockstro.
10. Fine Arts The incident, scene, figure, group, etc., which it is the aim of the artist to represent.
adj 1: not exempt from tax; "the gift will be subject to taxation"
2: possibly accepting or permitting; "a passage capable of
misinterpretation"; "open to interpretation"; "an issue
open to question"; "the time is fixed by the director and
players and therefore subject to much variation" [syn: capable,
3: being under the power or sovereignty of another or others;
"subject peoples"; "a dependent prince" [syn: dependent]
n 1: the subject matter of a conversation or discussion; "he
didn't want to discuss that subject"; "it was a very
sensitive topic"; "his letters were always on the theme
of love" [syn: topic, theme]
2: some situation or event that is thought about; "he kept
drifting off the topic"; "he had been thinking about the
subject for several years"; "it is a matter for the
police" [syn: topic, issue, matter]
3: a branch of knowledge; "in what discipline is his
doctorate?"; "teachers should be well trained in their
subject"; "anthropology is the study of human beings"
[syn: discipline, subject area, subject field, field,
field of study, study, bailiwick, branch of
4: something (a person or object or scene) selected by an
artist or photographer for graphic representation; "a
moving picture of a train is more dramatic than a still
picture of the same subject" [syn: content, depicted
5: a person who is subjected to experimental or other
observational procedures; someone who is an object of
investigation; "the subjects for this investigation were
selected randomly"; "the cases that we studied were drawn
from two different communities" [syn: case, guinea pig]
6: a person who owes allegiance to that nation; "a monarch has
a duty to his subjects" [syn: national]
7: (grammar) one of the two main constituents of a sentence;
the grammatical constituent about which something is
8: (logic) the first term of a proposition
v 1: cause to experience or suffer or make liable or vulnerable
to; "He subjected me to his awful poetry"; "The sergeant
subjected the new recruits to many drills"; "People in
Chernobyl were subjected to radiation"
2: make accountable for; "He did not want to subject himself to
the judgments of his superiors"
3: make subservient; force to submit or subdue [syn: subjugate]
4: refer for judgment or consideration; "She submitted a
proposal to the agency" [syn: submit]