sup·ply /səˈplaɪ/ 及物動詞
Sup·ply v. t. [imp. & p. p. Supplied p. pr. & vb. n. Supplying ]
1. To fill up, or keep full; to furnish with what is wanted; to afford, or furnish with, a sufficiency; as, rivers are supplied by smaller streams; an aqueduct supplies an artificial lake; -- often followed by with before the thing furnished; as, to supply a furnace with fuel; to supply soldiers with ammunition.
2. To serve instead of; to take the place of.
Burning ships the banished sun supply. --Waller.
The sun was set, and Vesper, to supply
His absent beams, had lighted up the sky. --Dryden.
3. To fill temporarily; to serve as substitute for another in, as a vacant place or office; to occupy; to have possession of; as, to supply a pulpit.
4. To give; to bring or furnish; to provide; as, to supply money for the war.
Syn: -- To furnish; provide; administer; minister; contribute; yield; accommodate.
Sup·ply, n.; pl. Supplies
1. The act of supplying; supplial.
2. That which supplies a want; sufficiency of things for use or want. Specifically: --
(a) Auxiliary troops or reenforcements. “My promised supply of horsemen.”
(b) The food, and the like, which meets the daily necessities of an army or other large body of men; store; -- used chiefly in the plural; as, the army was discontented for lack of supplies.
(c) An amount of money provided, as by Parliament or Congress, to meet the annual national expenditures; generally in the plural; as, to vote supplies.
(d) A person who fills a place for a time; one who supplies the place of another; a substitute; esp., a clergyman who supplies a vacant pulpit.
Stated supply Eccl., a clergyman employed to supply a pulpit for a definite time, but not settled as a pastor. [U.S.]
Supply and demand. Polit. Econ. “Demand means the quantity of a given article which would be taken at a given price. Supply means the quantity of that article which could be had at that price.” --F. A. Walker.
Sup·ply, a. Serving to contain, deliver, or regulate a supply of anything; as, a supply tank or valve.
Supply system Zool., the system of tubes and canals in sponges by means of which food and water are absorbed. See Illust. of Spongiae.
n 1: an amount of something available for use
2: offering goods and services for sale [ant: demand]
3: the activity of supplying or providing something [syn: provision,
v 1: provide or furnish with; "We provided the room with an
electrical heater" [syn: provide, render, furnish]
2: circulate or distribute or equip with; "issue a new uniform
to the children"; "supply blankets for the beds" [syn: issue]
3: provide what is desired or needed, especially support, food
or sustenance; "The hostess provided lunch for all the
guests" [syn: provide, ply, cater]
4: state or say further; "`It doesn't matter,' he supplied"
[syn: add, append]