take /ˈtek/ 不及物動詞
Take obs. p. p. of Take. Taken.
Take, v. t. [imp. Took p. p. Taken p. pr. & vb. n. Taking.]
1. In an active sense; To lay hold of; to seize with the hands, or otherwise; to grasp; to get into one's hold or possession; to procure; to seize and carry away; to convey. Hence, specifically: --
(a) To obtain possession of by force or artifice; to get the custody or control of; to reduce into subjection to one's power or will; to capture; to seize; to make prisoner; as, to take an army, a city, or a ship; also, to come upon or befall; to fasten on; to attack; to seize; -- said of a disease, misfortune, or the like.
This man was taken of the Jews. --Acts xxiii. 27.
Men in their loose, unguarded hours they take;
Not that themselves are wise, but others weak. --Pope.
They that come abroad after these showers are commonly taken with sickness. --Bacon.
There he blasts the tree and takes the cattle
And makes milch kine yield blood. --Shak.
(b) To gain or secure the interest or affection of; to captivate; to engage; to interest; to charm.
Neither let her take thee with her eyelids. --Prov. vi. 25.
Cleombroutus was so taken with this prospect, that he had no patience. --Wake.
I know not why, but there was a something in those half-seen features, -- a charm in the very shadow that hung over their imagined beauty, -- which took me more than all the outshining loveliness of her companions. --Moore.
(c) To make selection of; to choose; also, to turn to; to have recourse to; as, to take the road to the right.
Saul said, Cast lots between me and Jonathan my son. And Jonathan was taken. --1 Sam. xiv. 42.
The violence of storming is the course which God is forced to take for the destroying . . . of sinners. --Hammond.
(d) To employ; to use; to occupy; hence, to demand; to require; as, it takes so much cloth to make a coat; it takes five hours to get to Boston from New York by car.
This man always takes time . . . before he passes his judgments. --I. Watts.
(e) To form a likeness of; to copy; to delineate; to picture; as, to take a picture of a person.
Beauty alone could beauty take so right. --Dryden.
(f) To draw; to deduce; to derive. [R.]
The firm belief of a future judgment is the most forcible motive to a good life, because taken from this consideration of the most lasting happiness and misery. --Tillotson.
(g) To assume; to adopt; to acquire, as shape; to permit to one's self; to indulge or engage in; to yield to; to have or feel; to enjoy or experience, as rest, revenge, delight, shame; to form and adopt, as a resolution; -- used in general senses, limited by a following complement, in many idiomatic phrases; as, to take a resolution; I take the liberty to say.
(h) To lead; to conduct; as, to take a child to church.
(i) To carry; to convey; to deliver to another; to hand over; as, he took the book to the bindery; he took a dictionary with him.
He took me certain gold, I wot it well. --Chaucer.
(k) To remove; to withdraw; to deduct; -- with from; as, to take the breath from one; to take two from four.
2. In a somewhat passive sense, to receive; to bear; to endure; to acknowledge; to accept. Specifically: --
(a) To accept, as something offered; to receive; not to refuse or reject; to admit.
Ye shall take no satisfaction for the life of a murderer. --Num. xxxv. 31.
Let not a widow be taken into the number under threescore. --1 Tim. v. 10.
(b) To receive as something to be eaten or drunk; to partake of; to swallow; as, to take food or wine.
(c) Not to refuse or balk at; to undertake readily; to clear; as, to take a hedge or fence.
(d) To bear without ill humor or resentment; to submit to; to tolerate; to endure; as, to take a joke; he will take an affront from no man.
(e) To admit, as, something presented to the mind; not to dispute; to allow; to accept; to receive in thought; to entertain in opinion; to understand; to interpret; to regard or look upon; to consider; to suppose; as, to take a thing for granted; this I take to be man's motive; to take men for spies.
You take me right. --Bacon.
Charity, taken in its largest extent, is nothing else but the science love of God and our neighbor. --Wake.
[He] took that for virtue and affection which was nothing but vice in a disguise. --South.
You'd doubt his sex, and take him for a girl. --Tate.
(f) To accept the word or offer of; to receive and accept; to bear; to submit to; to enter into agreement with; -- used in general senses; as, to take a form or shape.
I take thee at thy word. --Rowe.
Yet thy moist clay is pliant to command; . . .
Not take the mold. --Dryden.
3. To make a picture, photograph, or the like, of; as, to take a group or a scene. [Colloq.]
4. To give or deliver (a blow to); to strike; hit; as, he took me in the face; he took me a blow on the head. [Obs. exc. Slang or Dial.]
To be taken aback, To take advantage of, To take air, etc. See under Aback, Advantage, etc.
To take aim, to direct the eye or weapon; to aim.
To take along, to carry, lead, or convey.
To take arms, to commence war or hostilities.
To take away, to carry off; to remove; to cause deprivation of; to do away with; as, a bill for taking away the votes of bishops. “By your own law, I take your life away.” --Dryden.
To take breath, to stop, as from labor, in order to breathe or rest; to recruit or refresh one's self.
To take care, to exercise care or vigilance; to be solicitous. “Doth God take care for oxen?” --1 Cor. ix. 9.
To take care of, to have the charge or care of; to care for; to superintend or oversee.
To take down. (a) To reduce; to bring down, as from a high, or higher, place; as, to take down a book; hence, to bring lower; to depress; to abase or humble; as, to take down pride, or the proud. “I never attempted to be impudent yet, that I was not taken down.” --Goldsmith. (b) To swallow; as, to take down a potion. (c) To pull down; to pull to pieces; as, to take down a house or a scaffold. (d) To record; to write down; as, to take down a man's words at the time he utters them.
To take effect, To take fire. See under Effect, and Fire.
To take ground to the right or To take ground to the left Mil., to extend the line to the right or left; to move, as troops, to the right or left.
To take heart, to gain confidence or courage; to be encouraged.
To take heed, to be careful or cautious. “Take heed what doom against yourself you give.” --Dryden.
To take heed to, to attend with care, as, take heed to thy ways.
To take hold of, to seize; to fix on.
To take horse, to mount and ride a horse.
To take in. (a) To inclose; to fence. (b) To encompass or embrace; to comprise; to comprehend. (c) To draw into a smaller compass; to contract; to brail or furl; as, to take in sail. (d) To cheat; to circumvent; to gull; to deceive. [Colloq.] (e) To admit; to receive; as, a leaky vessel will take in water. (f) To win by conquest. [Obs.]
For now Troy's broad-wayed town
He shall take in. --Chapman.
(g) To receive into the mind or understanding. “Some bright genius can take in a long train of propositions.” --I. Watts. (h) To receive regularly, as a periodical work or newspaper; to take. [Eng.]
To take in hand. See under Hand.
To take in vain, to employ or utter as in an oath. “Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain.” --Ex. xx. 7.
To take issue. See under Issue.
To take leave. See Leave, n., 2.
To take a newspaper, magazine, or the like, to receive it regularly, as on paying the price of subscription.
To take notice, to observe, or to observe with particular attention.
To take notice of. See under Notice.
To take oath, to swear with solemnity, or in a judicial manner.
To take on, to assume; to take upon one's self; as, to take on a character or responsibility.
To take one's own course, to act one's pleasure; to pursue the measures of one's own choice.
To take order for. See under Order.
To take order with, to check; to hinder; to repress. [Obs.] --Bacon.
To take orders. (a) To receive directions or commands. (b) Eccl. To enter some grade of the ministry. See Order, n., 10.
To take out. (a) To remove from within a place; to separate; to deduct. (b) To draw out; to remove; to clear or cleanse from; as, to take out a stain or spot from cloth. (c) To produce for one's self; as, to take out a patent. (d) To put an end to; as, to take the conceit out of a man. (e) To escort; as, to take out to dinner.
To take over, to undertake; to take the management of. [Eng.] --Cross (Life of G. Eliot).
To take part, to share; as, they take part in our rejoicing.
To take part with, to unite with; to join with.
To take place, root, sides, stock, etc. See under Place, Root, Side, etc.
To take the air. (a) Falconry To seek to escape by trying to rise higher than the falcon; -- said of a bird. (b) See under Air.
To take the field. Mil. See under Field.
To take thought, to be concerned or anxious; to be solicitous. --Matt. vi. 25, 27.
To take to heart. See under Heart.
To take to task, to reprove; to censure.
To take up. (a) To lift; to raise. --Hood. (b) To buy or borrow; as, to take up goods to a large amount; to take up money at the bank. (c) To begin; as, to take up a lamentation. --Ezek. xix. 1. (d) To gather together; to bind up; to fasten or to replace; as, to take up raveled stitches; specifically Surg., to fasten with a ligature. (e) To engross; to employ; to occupy or fill; as, to take up the time; to take up a great deal of room. (f) To take permanently. “Arnobius asserts that men of the finest parts . . . took up their rest in the Christian religion.” --Addison. (g) To seize; to catch; to arrest; as, to take up a thief; to take up vagabonds. (h) To admit; to believe; to receive. [Obs.]
The ancients took up experiments upon credit. --Bacon.
(i) To answer by reproof; to reprimand; to berate.
One of his relations took him up roundly. --L'Estrange.
(k) To begin where another left off; to keep up in continuous succession; to take up (a topic, an activity).
Soon as the evening shades prevail,
The moon takes up the wondrous tale. --Addison.
(l) To assume; to adopt as one's own; to carry on or manage; as, to take up the quarrels of our neighbors; to take up current opinions. “They take up our old trade of conquering.” --Dryden. (m) To comprise; to include. “The noble poem of Palemon and Arcite . . . takes up seven years.” --Dryden. (n) To receive, accept, or adopt for the purpose of assisting; to espouse the cause of; to favor. --Ps. xxvii. 10. (o) To collect; to exact, as a tax; to levy; as, to take up a contribution. “Take up commodities upon our bills.” --Shak. (p) To pay and receive; as, to take up a note at the bank. (q) Mach. To remove, as by an adjustment of parts; as, to take up lost motion, as in a bearing; also, to make tight, as by winding, or drawing; as, to take up slack thread in sewing. (r) To make up; to compose; to settle; as, to take up a quarrel. [Obs.] --Shak. -- (s) To accept from someone, as a wager or a challenge; as, J. took M. up on his challenge.
To take up arms. Same as To take arms, above.
To take upon one's self. (a) To assume; to undertake; as, he takes upon himself to assert that the fact is capable of proof. (b) To appropriate to one's self; to allow to be imputed to, or inflicted upon, one's self; as, to take upon one's self a punishment.
To take up the gauntlet. See under Gauntlet.
Take v. i.
1. To take hold; to fix upon anything; to have the natural or intended effect; to accomplish a purpose; as, he was inoculated, but the virus did not take.
When flame taketh and openeth, it giveth a noise. --Bacon.
In impressions from mind to mind, the impression taketh, but is overcome . . . before it work any manifest effect. --Bacon.
2. To please; to gain reception; to succeed.
Each wit may praise it for his own dear sake,
And hint he writ it, if the thing should take. --Addison.
3. To move or direct the course; to resort; to betake one's self; to proceed; to go; -- usually with to; as, the fox, being hard pressed, took to the hedge.
4. To admit of being pictured, as in a photograph; as, his face does not take well.
To take after. (a) To learn to follow; to copy; to imitate; as, he takes after a good pattern. (b) To resemble; as, the son takes after his father.
To take in with, to resort to. [Obs.] --Bacon.
To take on, to be violently affected; to express grief or pain in a violent manner.
To take to. (a) To apply one's self to; to be fond of; to become attached to; as, to take to evil practices. “If he does but take to you, . . . you will contract a great friendship with him.” --Walpole. (b) To resort to; to betake one's self to. “Men of learning, who take to business, discharge it generally with greater honesty than men of the world.” --Addison.
To take up. (a) To stop. [Obs.] “Sinners at last take up and settle in a contempt of religion.” --Tillotson. (b) To reform. [Obs.] --Locke.
To take up with. (a) To be contended to receive; to receive without opposition; to put up with; as, to take up with plain fare. “In affairs which may have an extensive influence on our future happiness, we should not take up with probabilities.” --I. Watts. (b) To lodge with; to dwell with. [Obs.] --L'Estrange.
To take with, to please. --Bacon.
1. That which is taken, such as the quantity of fish captured at one haul or catch, or the amouont of money collected during one event; as, the box-office take.
2. Print. The quantity or copy given to a compositor at one time.
n 1: the income arising from land or other property; "the average
return was about 5%" [syn: return, issue, proceeds,
takings, yield, payoff]
2: the act of photographing a scene or part of a scene without
v 1: carry out; "take action"; "take steps"; "take vengeance"
2: as of time or space; "It took three hours to get to work
this morning"; "This event occupied a very short time"
[syn: occupy, use up]
3: take somebody somewhere; "We lead him to our chief"; "can
you take me to the main entrance?"; "He conducted us to
the palace" [syn: lead, direct, conduct, guide]
4: get into one's hands, take physically; "Take a cookie!";
"Can you take this bag, please" [syn: get hold of]
5: take on a certain form, attribute, or aspect; "His voice
took on a sad tone"; "The story took a new turn"; "he
adopted an air of superiority"; "She assumed strange
manners"; "The gods assume human or animal form in these
fables" [syn: assume, acquire, adopt, take on]
6: interpret something in a certain way; convey a particular
meaning or impression; "I read this address as a satire";
"How should I take this message?"; "You can't take credit
for this!" [syn: read]
7: take something or somebody with oneself somewhere; "Bring me
the box from the other room"; "Take these letters to the
boss"; "This brings me to the main point" [syn: bring, convey]
8: take into one's possession; "We are taking an orphan from
Romania"; "I'll take three salmon steaks" [ant: give]
9: require as useful, just, or proper; "It takes nerve to do
what she did"; "success usually requires hard work"; "This
job asks a lot of patience and skill"; "This position
demands a lot of personal sacrifice"; "This dinner calls
for a spectacular dessert"; "This intervention does not
postulates a patient's consent" [syn: necessitate, ask,
postulate, need, require, involve, call for, demand]
10: pick out, select, or choose from a number of alternatives;
"Take any one of these cards"; "Choose a good husband for
your daughter"; "She selected a pair of shoes from among
the dozen the salesgirl had shown her" [syn: choose, select,
11: travel or go by means of a certain kind of transportation,
or a certain route; "He takes the bus to work"; "She
takes Route 1 to Newark"
12: receive willingly something given or offered; "The only girl
who would have him was the miller's daughter"; "I won't
have this dog in my house!"; "Please accept my present"
[syn: accept, have] [ant: refuse]
13: assume, as of positions or roles; "She took the job as
director of development" [syn: fill]
14: take into consideration for exemplifying purposes; "Take the
case of China"; "Consider the following case" [syn: consider,
deal, look at]
15: experience or feel or submit to; "Take a test"; "Take the
16: make a film or photograph of something; "take a scene";
"shoot a movie" [syn: film, shoot]
17: remove something concrete, as by lifting, pushing, taking
off, etc. or remove something abstract; "remove a
threat"; "remove a wrapper"; "Remove the dirty dishes
from the table"; "take the gun from your pocket"; "This
machine withdraws heat from the environment" [syn: remove,
take away, withdraw]
18: serve oneself to, or consume regularly; "Have another bowl
of chicken soup!"; "I don't take sugar in my coffee"
[syn: consume, ingest, take in, have] [ant: abstain]
19: accept or undergo, often unwillingly; "We took a pay cut"
[syn: undergo, submit]
20: make use of or accept for some purpose; "take a risk"; "take
an opportunity" [syn: accept]
21: take by force; "Hitler took the Baltic Republics"; "The army
took the fort on the hill"
22: occupy or take on; "He assumes the lotus position"; "She
took her seat on the stage"; "We took our seats in the
orchestra"; "She took up her position behind the tree";
"strike a pose" [syn: assume, strike, take up]
23: admit into a group or community; "accept students for
graduate study"; "We'll have to vote on whether or not to
admit a new member" [syn: accept, admit, take on]
24: ascertain or determine by measuring, computing or take a
reading from a dial; "take a pulse"; "A reading was taken
of the earth's tremors"
25: be a student of a certain subject; "She is reading for the
bar exam" [syn: learn, study, read]
26: take as an undesirable consequence of some event or state of
affairs; "the accident claimed three lives"; "The hard
work took its toll on her" [syn: claim, exact]
27: head into a specified direction; "The escaped convict took
to the hills"; "We made for the mountains" [syn: make]
28: aim or direct at; as of blows, weapons, or objects such as
photographic equipment; "Please don't aim at your little
brother!"; "He trained his gun on the burglar"; "Don't
train your camera on the women"; "Take a swipe at one's
opponent" [syn: aim, train, take aim, direct]
29: be seized or affected in a specified way; "take sick"; "be
30: have with oneself; have on one's person; "She always takes
an umbrella"; "I always carry money"; "She packs a gun
when she goes into the mountains" [syn: carry, pack]
31: engage for service under a term of contract; "We took an
apartment on a quiet street"; "Let's rent a car"; "Shall
we take a guide in Rome?" [syn: lease, rent, hire,
32: receive or obtain by regular payment; "We take the Times
every day" [syn: subscribe, subscribe to]
33: buy, select; "I'll take a pound of that sausage"
34: to get into a position of having, e.g., safety, comfort;
"take shelter from the storm"
35: have sex with; archaic use; "He had taken this woman when
she was most vulnerable" [syn: have]
36: lay claim to; as of an idea; "She took credit for the whole
idea" [syn: claim] [ant: disclaim]
37: be designed to hold or take; "This surface will not take the
dye" [syn: accept]
38: be capable of holding or containing; "This box won't take
all the items"; "The flask holds one gallon" [syn: contain,
39: develop a habit; "He took to visiting bars"
40: proceed along in a vehicle; "We drive the turnpike to work"
41: obtain by winning; "Winner takes all"; "He took first prize"
42: be stricken by an illness, fall victim to an illness; "He
got AIDS"; "She came down with pneumonia"; "She took a
chill" [syn: contract, get]
[also: took, taken]