af·fec·tion /əˈfɛkʃən/ 名詞
1. The act of affecting or acting upon; the state of being affected.
2. Philosophy An attribute, especially a contingent or alterable quality or property; a condition; a bodily state; as, figure, weight, etc. , are affections of bodies. “The affections of quantity.”
And, truly, waking dreams were, more or less,
An old and strange affection of the house. --Tennyson.
3. Bent of mind; a feeling or natural impulse or natural impulse acting upon and swaying the mind; any emotion; as, the benevolent affections, esteem, gratitude, etc.; the malevolent affections, hatred, envy, etc.; inclination; disposition; propensity; tendency.
Affection is applicable to an unpleasant as well as a pleasant state of the mind, when impressed by any object or quality. --Cogan.
4. A settled good will; kind feeling; love; zealous or tender attachment; -- often in the pl. Formerly followed by to, but now more generally by for or towards; as, filial, social, or conjugal affections; to have an affection for or towards children.
All his affections are set on his own country. --Macaulay.
5. Prejudice; bias. [Obs.]
6. Med. Disease; morbid symptom; malady; as, a pulmonary affection.
7. The lively representation of any emotion.
8. Affectation. [Obs.] “Spruce affection.”
9. Passion; violent emotion. [Obs.]
Most wretched man,
That to affections does the bridle lend. --Spenser.
Syn: -- Attachment; passion; tenderness; fondness; kindness; love; liking; good will. See Attachment; Disease.
n : a positive feeling of liking; "he had trouble expressing the
affection he felt"; "the child won everyone's heart"
[syn: affectionateness, fondness, tenderness, heart,
feeling or emotion. Mention is made of "vile affections" (Rom.
1:26) and "inordinate affection" (Col. 3:5). Christians are
exhorted to set their affections on things above (Col. 3:2).
There is a distinction between natural and spiritual or gracious
affections (Ezek. 33:32).