on /ˈɔn, ˈɑn/
接通; 導電; 開
On prep. The general signification of on is situation, motion, or condition with respect to contact or support beneath; as: --
1. At, or in contact with, the surface or upper part of a thing, and supported by it; placed or lying in contact with the surface; as, the book lies on the table, which stands on the floor of a house on an island.
I stood on the bridge at midnight. --Longfellow.
2. To or against the surface of; -- used to indicate the motion of a thing as coming or falling to the surface of another; as, rain falls on the earth.
Whosoever shall fall on this stone shall be broken. --Matt. xxi. 44.
3. Denoting performance or action by contact with the surface, upper part, or outside of anything; hence, by means of; with; as, to play on a violin or piano. Hence, figuratively, to work on one's feelings; to make an impression on the mind.
4. At or near; adjacent to; -- indicating situation, place, or position; as, on the one hand, on the other hand; the fleet is on the American coast.
5. In addition to; besides; -- indicating multiplication or succession in a series; as, heaps on heaps; mischief on mischief; loss on loss; thought on thought.
6. Indicating dependence or reliance; with confidence in; as, to depend on a person for assistance; to rely on; hence, indicating the ground or support of anything; as, he will promise on certain conditions; to bet on a horse; based on certain assumptions.
7. At or in the time of; during; as, on Sunday we abstain from labor. See At (synonym).
8. At the time of; -- often conveying some notion of cause or motive; as, on public occasions, the officers appear in full dress or uniform; the shop is closed on Sundays. Hence, in consequence of, or following; as, on the ratification of the treaty, the armies were disbanded; start on the count of three.
9. Toward; for; -- indicating the object of some passion; as, have pity or compassion on him.
10. At the peril of, or for the safety of. “Hence, on thy life.”
11. By virtue of; with the pledge of; -- denoting a pledge or engagement, and put before the thing pledged; as, he affirmed or promised on his word, or on his honor.
12. To the account of; -- denoting imprecation or invocation, or coming to, falling, or resting upon; as, on us be all the blame; a curse on him.
His blood be on us and on our children. --Matt. xxvii. 25.
13. In reference or relation to; as, on our part expect punctuality; a satire on society.
14. Of. [Obs.] “Be not jealous on me.”
Or have we eaten on the insane root
That takes the reason prisoner? --Shak.
Note: ☞ Instances of this usage are common in our older writers, and are sometimes now heard in illiterate speech.
15. Occupied with; in the performance of; as, only three officers are on duty; on a journey; on the job; on an assignment; on a case; on the alert.
16. In the service of; connected with; a member of; as, he is on a newspaper; on a committee.
Note: ☞ On and upon are in general interchangeable. In some applications upon is more euphonious, and is therefore to be preferred; but in most cases on is preferable.
On a bowline. Naut. Same as Closehauled.
On a wind, or On the wind Naut., sailing closehauled.
On a sudden. See under Sudden.
On board, On draught, On fire, etc. See under Board, Draught, Fire, etc.
On it, On't, of it. [Obs. or Colloq.] --Shak.
On shore, on land; to the shore.
On the road, On the way, On the wing, etc. See under Road, Way, etc.
On to, upon; on; to; -- sometimes written as one word, onto, and usually called a colloquialism; but it may be regarded in analogy with into.
They have added the -en plural form on to an elder plural. --Earle.
We see the strength of the new movement in the new class of ecclesiastics whom it forced on to the stage. --J. R. Green.
1. Forward, in progression; onward; -- usually with a verb of motion; as, move on; go on; the beat goes on. “Time glides on.”
The path is smooth that leadeth on to danger. --Shak.
2. Forward, in succession; as, from father to son, from the son to the grandson, and so on.
3. In continuance; without interruption or ceasing; as, sleep on, take your ease; say on; sing on.
4. Adhering; not off; as in the phrase, “He is neither on nor off,” that is, he is not steady, he is irresolute.
5. Attached to the body, as clothing or ornament, or for use. “I have boots on.”
He put on righteousness as a breastplate. --Is. lix. 17.
6. In progress; proceeding; ongoing; as, a game is on.
Note: ☞ On is sometimes used as an exclamation, or a command to move or proceed, some verb being understood; as, on, comrades; that is, go on, move on.
On and on, continuously; for a long time together. “Toiling on and on and on.”
adj 1: in operation or operational; "left the oven on"; "the switch
is in the on position" [ant: off]
2: (of events) planned or scheduled; "the picnic is on, rain or
shine"; "we have nothing on for Friday night" [ant: off]
3: performing or scheduled for duties; "I'm on from five to
midnight"; "Naval personnel on duty in Alaska"; "her
on-duty hours were 11p.m. to 7 a.m." [syn: on(p), on
adv 1: with a forward motion; "we drove along admiring the view";
"the horse trotted along at a steady pace"; "the
circus traveled on to the next city"; "move along";
"march on" [syn: along]
2: indicates continuity or persistence or concentration; "his
spirit lives on"; "shall I read on?"
3: in a state required for something to function or be
effective; "turn the lights on"; "get a load on"
light; the sun, (Gen. 41:45, 50), the great seat of sun-worship,
called also Bethshemesh (Jer. 43:13) and Aven (Ezek. 30:17),
stood on the east bank of the Nile, a few miles north of
Memphis, and near Cairo, in the north-east. The Vulgate and the
LXX. Versions have "Heliopolis" ("city of the sun") instead of
On in Genesis and of Aven in Ezekiel. The "city of destruction"
Isaiah speaks of (19:18, marg. "of Heres;" Heb. 'Ir-ha-heres,
which some MSS. read Ir-ha-heres, i.e., "city of the sun") may
be the name given to On, the prophecy being that the time will
come when that city which was known as the "city of the sun-god"
shall become the "city of destruction" of the sun-god, i.e.,
when idolatry shall cease, and the worship of the true God be
In ancient times this city was full of obelisks dedicated to
the sun. Of these only one now remains standing. "Cleopatra's
Needle" was one of those which stood in this city in front of
the Temple of Tum, i.e., "the sun." It is now erected on the
Thames Embankment, London.
"It was at On that Joseph wooed and won the dark-skinned
Asenath, the daughter of the high priest of its great temple."
This was a noted university town, and here Moses gained his
acquaintance with "all the wisdom of the Egyptians."
On, pain; force; iniquity