in·cli·na·tion /ˌɪnkləˈneʃən, ˌɪŋ-/
in·cli·na·tion /ˌɪnkləˈneʃən, ˌɪŋ-/ 名詞
1. The act of inclining, or state of being inclined; a leaning; as, an inclination of the head.
2. A direction or tendency from the true vertical or horizontal direction; as, the inclination of a column, or of a road bed.
3. A tendency towards another body or point.
4. Geom. The angle made by two lines or planes; as, the inclination of the plane of the earth's equator to the plane of the ecliptic is about 23° 28´; the inclination of two rays of light.
5. A leaning or tendency of the mind, feelings, preferences, or will; propensity; a disposition more favorable to one thing than to another; favor; desire; love.
A mere inclination to a thing is not properly a willing of that thing. --South.
How dost thou find the inclination of the people? --Shak.
6. A person or thing loved or admired.
7. Pharm. Decantation, or tipping for pouring.
Inclination compass, an inclinometer.
Inclination of an orbit Astron., the angle which the orbit makes with the ecliptic.
Inclination of the needle. See Dip of the needle, under Dip.
Syn: -- Bent; tendency; proneness; bias; proclivity; propensity; prepossession; predilection; attachment; desire; affection; love. See Bent, and cf. Disposition.
n 1: an attitude of mind especially one that favors one
alternative over others; "he had an inclination to give
up too easily"; "a tendency to be too strict" [syn: disposition,
2: (astronomy) the angle between the plane of the orbit and the
plane of the ecliptic stated in degrees [syn: inclination
of an orbit]
3: (geometry) the angle formed by the x-axis and a given line
(measured counterclockwise from the positive half of the
x-axis) [syn: angle of inclination]
4: (physics) the angle that a magnetic needle makes with the
plane of the horizon [syn: dip, angle of dip, magnetic
dip, magnetic inclination]
5: that toward which you are inclined to feel a liking; "her
inclination is for classical music" [ant: disinclination]
6: the property possessed by a line or surface that departs
from the vertical; "the tower had a pronounced tilt"; "the
ship developed a list to starboard"; "he walked with a
heavy inclination to the right" [syn: tilt, list, lean,
7: a characteristic likelihood of or natural disposition toward
a certain condition or character or effect; "the alkaline
inclination of the local waters"; "fabric with a tendency
to shrink" [syn: tendency]
8: the act of inclining; bending forward; "an inclination of
his head indicated his agreement" [syn: inclining]