bed /ˈbɛd/ 名詞
1. An article of furniture to sleep or take rest in or on; a couch. Specifically: A sack or mattress, filled with some soft material, in distinction from the bedstead on which it is placed (as, a feather bed), or this with the bedclothes added. In a general sense, any thing or place used for sleeping or reclining on or in, as a quantity of hay, straw, leaves, or twigs.
And made for him [a horse] a leafy bed. --Byron.
I wash, wring, brew, bake, . . . make the beds. --Shak.
In bed he slept not for my urging it. --Shak.
2. (Used as the symbol of matrimony) Marriage.
George, the eldest son of his second bed. --Clarendon.
3. A plat or level piece of ground in a garden, usually a little raised above the adjoining ground. “Beds of hyacinth and roses.”
4. A mass or heap of anything arranged like a bed; as, a bed of ashes or coals.
5. The bottom of a watercourse, or of any body of water; as, the bed of a river.
So sinks the daystar in the ocean bed. --Milton.
6. Geol. A layer or seam, or a horizontal stratum between layers; as, a bed of coal, iron, etc.
7. Gun. See Gun carriage, and Mortar bed.
8. Masonry (a) The horizontal surface of a building stone; as, the upper and lower beds. (b) A course of stone or brick in a wall. (c) The place or material in which a block or brick is laid. (d) The lower surface of a brick, slate, or tile.
9. Mech. The foundation or the more solid and fixed part or framing of a machine; or a part on which something is laid or supported; as, the bed of an engine.
10. The superficial earthwork, or ballast, of a railroad.
11. Printing The flat part of the press, on which the form is laid.
Note: ☞ Bed is much used adjectively or in combination; as, bed key or bedkey; bed wrench or bedwrench; bedchamber; bedmaker, etc.
Bed of justice French Hist., the throne (F. lit bed) occupied by the king when sitting in one of his parliaments (judicial courts); hence, a session of a refractory parliament, at which the king was present for the purpose of causing his decrees to be registered.
To be brought to bed, to be delivered of a child; -- often followed by of; as, to be brought to bed of a son.
To make a bed, to prepare a bed; to arrange or put in order a bed and its bedding.
From bed and board Law, a phrase applied to a separation by partial divorce of man and wife, without dissolving the bonds of matrimony. If such a divorce (now commonly called a judicial separation) be granted at the instance of the wife, she may have alimony.
Bed v. i. To go to bed; to cohabit.
If he be married, and bed with his wife. --Wiseman.
Bed, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Bedded; p. pr. & vb. n. Bedding.]
1. To place in a bed. [Obs.]
2. To make partaker of one's bed; to cohabit with.
I'll to the Tuscan wars, and never bed her. --Shak.
3. To furnish with a bed or bedding.
4. To plant or arrange in beds; to set, or cover, as in a bed of soft earth; as, to bed the roots of a plant in mold.
5. To lay or put in any hollow place, or place of rest and security, surrounded or inclosed; to embed; to furnish with or place upon a bed or foundation; as, to bed a stone; it was bedded on a rock.
Among all chains or clusters of mountains where large bodies of still water are bedded. --Wordsworth.
6. Masonry To dress or prepare the surface of stone) so as to serve as a bed.
7. To lay flat; to lay in order; to place in a horizontal or recumbent position. “Bedded hair.”
n 1: a piece of furniture that provides a place to sleep; "he sat
on the edge of the bed"; "the room had only a bed and
2: a plot of ground in which plants are growing; "the gardener
planted a bed of roses"
3: a depression forming the ground under a body of water; "he
searched for treasure on the ocean bed" [syn: bottom]
4: (geology) a stratum of rock (especially sedimentary rock);
"they found a bed of standstone"
5: a stratum of ore or coal thick enough to be mined with
profit; "he worked in the coal beds" [syn: seam]
6: single thickness of usually some homogeneous substance;
"slices of hard-boiled egg on a bed of spinach" [syn: layer]
7: the flat surface of a printing press on which the type form
is laid in the last stage of producing a newspaper or
magazine or book etc.
8: a foundation of earth or rock supporting a road or railroad
track; "the track bed had washed away"
v 1: furnish with a bed; "The inn keeper could bed all the new
2: place (plants) in a prepared bed of soil
3: put to bed; "The children were bedded at ten o'clock"
4: have sexual intercourse with; "This student sleeps with
everyone in her dorm"; "Adam knew Eve"; "Were you ever
intimate with this man?" [syn: roll in the hay, love,
make out, make love, sleep with, get laid, have
sex, know, do it, be intimate, have intercourse,
have it away, have it off, screw, fuck, jazz, eff,
hump, lie with, have a go at it, bang, get it on,
5: go to bed in order to sleep; "I usually turn in at
midnight"; "He turns out at the crack of dawn" [syn: go
to bed, turn in, crawl in, kip down, hit the hay,
hit the sack, sack out, go to sleep, retire]
[ant: get up, get up]
[also: bedding, bedded]
(Heb. mittah), for rest at night (Ex. 8:3; 1 Sam. 19:13, 15, 16,
etc.); during sickness (Gen. 47:31; 48:2; 49:33, etc.); as a
sofa for rest (1 Sam. 28:23; Amos 3:12). Another Hebrew word
(er'es) so rendered denotes a canopied bed, or a bed with
curtains (Deut. 3:11; Ps. 132:3), for sickness (Ps. 6:6; 41:3).
In the New Testament it denotes sometimes a litter with a
coverlet (Matt. 9:2, 6; Luke 5:18; Acts 5:15).
The Jewish bedstead was frequently merely the divan or
platform along the sides of the house, sometimes a very slight
portable frame, sometimes only a mat or one or more quilts. The
only material for bed-clothes is mentioned in 1 Sam. 19:13.
Sleeping in the open air was not uncommon, the sleeper wrapping
himself in his outer garment (Ex. 22:26,27; Deut. 24:12,13).