mold /ˈmold/ 名詞
Mold, Mould, n. Bot. A growth of minute fungi of various kinds, esp. those of the great groups Hyphomycetes, and Physomycetes, forming on damp or decaying organic matter.
Note: ☞ The common blue mold of cheese, the brick-red cheese mold, and the scarlet or orange strata which grow on tubers or roots stored up for use, when commencing to decay, are familiar examples.
Mold, Mould v. t. [imp. & p. p. Molded or Moulded; p. pr. & vb. n. Molding or Moulding.] To cover with mold or soil. [R.]
Mold n. A spot; a blemish; a mole. [Obs.]
Mold, Mould n. [The prevalent spelling is, perhaps, mould; but as the u has not been inserted in the other words of this class, as bold, gold, old, cold, etc., it seems desirable to complete the analogy by dropping it from this word, thus spelling it as Spenser, South, and many others did. The omission of the u is now very common in America.]
1. Crumbling, soft, friable earth; esp., earth containing the remains or constituents of organic matter, and suited to the growth of plants; soil.
2. Earthy material; the matter of which anything is formed; composing substance; material.
The etherial mold,
Incapable of stain. --Milton.
Nature formed me of her softest mold. --Addison.
Mold, Mould, v. t. To cause to become moldy; to cause mold to grow upon.
Mold, Mould, v. i. To become moldy; to be covered or filled, in whole or in part, with a mold.
Mold, Mould, n. [For spelling, see 2d Mold, above.]
1. The matrix, or cavity, in which anything is shaped, and from which it takes its form; also, the body or mass containing the cavity; as, a sand mold; a jelly mold.
2. That on which, or in accordance with which, anything is modeled or formed; anything which serves to regulate the size, form, etc., as the pattern or templet used by a shipbuilder, carpenter, or mason.
The glass of fashion and the mold of form. --Shak.
3. Cast; form; shape; character.
Crowned with an architrave of antique mold. --Pope.
4. Arch. A group of moldings; as, the arch mold of a porch or doorway; the pier mold of a Gothic pier, meaning the whole profile, section, or combination of parts.
5. Anat. A fontanel.
6. Paper Making A frame with a wire cloth bottom, on which the pump is drained to form a sheet, in making paper by hand.
Mold, Mould, v. t.
1. To form into a particular shape; to shape; to model; to fashion.
He forgeth and moldeth metals. --Sir M. Hale.
Did I request thee, Maker, from my clay
To mold me man? --Milton.
2. To ornament by molding or carving the material of; as, a molded window jamb.
3. To knead; as, to mold dough or bread.
4. Founding To form a mold of, as in sand, in which a casting may be made.
n 1: the distinctive form in which a thing is made; "pottery of
this cast was found throughout the region" [syn: cast,
2: container into which liquid is poured to create a given
shape when it hardens [syn: mould, cast]
3: loose soil rich in organic matter [syn: mould]
4: the process of becoming mildewed [syn: mildew]
5: a fungus that produces a superficial growth on various kinds
of damp or decaying organic matter [syn: mould]
6: sculpture produced by molding [syn: mould, molding, moulding,
modeling, clay sculpture]
v 1: form in clay, wax, etc; "model a head with clay" [syn: model,
2: become moldy; spoil due to humidity; "The furniture molded
in the old house" [syn: mildew]
3: form by pouring (e.g., wax or hot metal) into a cast or
mold; "cast a bronze sculpture" [syn: cast, mould]
4: make something, usually for a specific function; "She molded
the riceballs carefully"; "Form cylinders from the dough";
"shape a figure"; "Work the metal into a sword" [syn: shape,
form, work, mould, forge]
5: fit tightly, follow the contours of; "The dress molds her
6: shape or influence; give direction to; "experience often
determines ability"; "mold public opinion" [syn: determine,
shape, influence, regulate]