stain /ˈsten/ 及物動詞
Stain v. t. [imp. & p. p. Stained p. pr. & vb. n. Staining.]
1. To discolor by the application of foreign matter; to make foul; to spot; as, to stain the hand with dye; armor stained with blood.
2. To color, as wood, glass, paper, cloth, or the like, by processes affecting, chemically or otherwise, the material itself; to tinge with a color or colors combining with, or penetrating, the substance; to dye; as, to stain wood with acids, colored washes, paint rubbed in, etc.; to stain glass.
3. To spot with guilt or infamy; to bring reproach on; to blot; to soil; to tarnish.
Of honor void,
Of innocence, of faith, of purity,
Our wonted ornaments now soiled and stained. --Milton.
4. To cause to seem inferior or soiled by comparison.
She stains the ripest virgins of her age. --Beau. & Fl.
That did all other beasts in beauty stain. --Spenser.
Stained glass, glass colored or stained by certain metallic pigments fused into its substance, -- often used for making ornamental windows.
Syn: -- To paint; dye; blot; soil; sully; discolor; disgrace; taint.
Usage: Paint, Stain, Dye. These denote three different processes; the first mechanical, the other two, chiefly chemical. To paint a thing is to spread a coat of coloring matter over it; to stain or dye a thing is to impart color to its substance. To stain is said chiefly of solids, as wood, glass, paper; to dye, of fibrous substances, textile fabrics, etc.; the one, commonly, a simple process, as applying a wash; the other more complex, as fixing colors by mordants.
Stain, v. i. To give or receive a stain; to grow dim.
1. A discoloration by foreign matter; a spot; as, a stain on a garment or cloth.
2. A natural spot of a color different from the gound.
Swift trouts, diversified with crimson stains. --Pope.
3. Taint of guilt; tarnish; disgrace; reproach.
Nor death itself can wholly wash their stains. --Dryden.
Our opinion . . . is, I trust, without any blemish or stain of heresy. --Hooker.
4. Cause of reproach; shame.
5. A tincture; a tinge. [R.]
You have some stain of soldier in you. --Shak.
Syn: -- Blot; spot; taint; pollution; blemish; tarnish; color; disgrace; infamy; shame.
n 1: a soiled or discolored appearance; "the wine left a dark
stain" [syn: discoloration, discolouration]
2: (microscopy) a dye or other coloring material that is used
in microscopy to make structures visible
3: the state of being covered with unclean things [syn: dirt,
filth, grime, soil, grease, grunge]
4: a symbol of disgrace or infamy; "And the Lord set a mark
upon Cain"--Genesis [syn: mark, stigma, brand]
5: an act that brings discredit to the person who does it; "he
made a huge blot on his copybook" [syn: blot, smear, smirch,
v 1: color with a liquid dye or tint; "Stain this table a
beautiful walnut color"; "people knew how to stain glass
a beautiful blue in the middle ages"
2: produce or leave stains; "Red wine stains the table cloth"
3: make dirty or spotty, as by exposure to air; also used
metaphorically; "The silver was tarnished by the long
exposure to the air"; "Her reputation was sullied after
the affair with a married man" [syn: tarnish, maculate,
4: color for microscopic study; "The laboratory worker dyed the