Spread, imp. & p. p. of Spread, v.
Spread eagle. (a) An eagle with outspread wings, the national emblem of the United States. (b) The figure of an eagle, with its wings elevated and its legs extended; often met as a device upon military ornaments, and the like. (c) Her. An eagle displayed; an eagle with the wings and legs extended on each side of the body, as in the double-headed eagle of Austria and Russia. See Displayed, 2.
Spread v. t. [imp. & p. p. Spread; p. pr. & vb. n. Spreading.]
1. To extend in length and breadth, or in breadth only; to stretch or expand to a broad or broader surface or extent; to open; to unfurl; as, to spread a carpet; to spread a tent or a sail.
He bought a parcel of a field where he had spread his tent. --Gen. xxxiii. 19.
Here the Rhone
Hath spread himself a couch. --Byron.
2. To extend so as to cover something; to extend to a great or greater extent in every direction; to cause to fill or cover a wide or wider space.
Rose, as in a dance, the stately trees, and spread
Their branches hung with copious fruit. --Milton.
3. To divulge; to publish, as news or fame; to cause to be more extensively known; to disseminate; to make known fully; as, to spread a report; -- often accompanied by abroad.
They, when they were departed, spread abroad his fame in all that country. --Matt. ix. 31.
4. To propagate; to cause to affect great numbers; as, to spread a disease.
5. To diffuse, as emanations or effluvia; to emit; as, odoriferous plants spread their fragrance.
6. To strew; to scatter over a surface; as, to spread manure; to spread lime on the ground.
7. To prepare; to set and furnish with provisions; as, to spread a table.
Boiled the flesh, and spread the board. --Tennyson.
To spread cloth, to unfurl sail. [Obs.]
Syn: -- To diffuse; propagate; disperse; publish; distribute; scatter; circulate; disseminate; dispense.
Spread, v. i.
1. To extend in length and breadth in all directions, or in breadth only; to be extended or stretched; to expand.
Plants, if they spread much, are seldom tall. --Bacon.
Governor Winthrop, and his associates at Charlestown, had for a church a large, spreading tree. --B. Trumbull.
2. To be extended by drawing or beating; as, some metals spread with difficulty.
3. To be made known more extensively, as news.
4. To be propagated from one to another; as, the disease spread into all parts of the city.
1. Extent; compass.
I have got a fine spread of improvable land. --Addison.
2. Expansion of parts.
No flower hath spread like that of the woodbine. --Bacon.
3. A cloth used as a cover for a table or a bed.
4. A table, as spread or furnished with a meal; hence, an entertainment of food; a feast. [Colloq.]
5. A privilege which one person buys of another, of demanding certain shares of stock at a certain price, or of delivering the same shares of stock at another price, within a time agreed upon. [Brokers' Cant]
6. Geom. An unlimited expanse of discontinuous points.
7. Finance An arbitrage transaction operated by buying and selling simultaneously in two separate markets, as Chicago and New York, when there is an abnormal difference in price between the two markets. It is called a back spreadwhen the difference in price is less than the normal one.
8. Gems Surface in proportion to the depth of a cut stone.
adj 1: distributed or spread over a considerable extent; "has ties
with many widely dispersed friends"; "eleven million
Jews are spread throughout Europe" [syn: dispersed]
2: prepared or arranged for a meal; especially having food set
out; "a table spread with food"
3: fully extended in width; "outspread wings"; "with arms
spread wide" [syn: outspread]
n 1: process or result of distributing or extending over a wide
expanse of space [syn: spreading]
2: a conspicuous disparity or difference as between two
figures; "gap between income and outgo"; "the spread
between lending and borrowing costs" [syn: gap]
3: farm consisting of a large tract of land along with
facilities needed to raise livestock (especially cattle)
[syn: ranch, cattle ranch, cattle farm]
4: a haphazard distribution in all directions [syn: scatter]
5: a tasty mixture to be spread on bread or crackers [syn: paste]
6: a meal that is well prepared and greatly enjoyed; "a banquet
for the graduating seniors"; "the Thanksgiving feast";
"they put out quite a spread" [syn: banquet, feast]
7: two facing pages of a book or other publication [syn: spread
head, spreadhead, facing pages]
8: the expansion of a person's girth (especially at middle
age); "she exercised to avoid that middle-aged spread"
9: decorative cover for a bed [syn: bedspread, bedcover, bed
cover, bed covering, counterpane]
10: act of extending over a wider scope or expanse of space or
time [syn: spreading]
v 1: distribute or disperse widely; "The invaders spread their
language all over the country" [syn: distribute] [ant:
2: become distributed or widespread; "the infection spread";
"Optimism spread among the population" [syn: propagate]
3: spread across or over; "A big oil spot spread across the
water" [syn: overspread]
4: spread out or open from a closed or folded state; "open the
map"; "spread your arms" [syn: unfold, spread out, open]
5: cause to become widely known; "spread information";
"circulate a rumor"; "broadcast the news" [syn: circulate,
circularize, circularise, distribute, disseminate,
propagate, broadcast, diffuse, disperse, pass
6: become widely known and passed on; "the rumor spread"; "the
story went around in the office" [syn: go around, circulate]
7: strew or distribute over an area; "He spread fertilizer over
the lawn"; "scatter cards across the table" [syn: scatter,
8: move outward; "The soldiers fanned out" [syn: diffuse, spread
out, fan out]
9: cover by spreading something over; "spread the bread with
10: distribute over a surface in a layer; "spread cheese on a
piece of bread"