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pro·por·tion /prəˈporʃən, ˈpɔr-/

比,比率;均衡,相稱;部分,份兒;面積(vt.)使成比例;分攤,攤派

From: Network Terminology

proportion

比例

Pro·por·tion n.

1. The relation or adaptation of one portion to another, or to the whole, as respect magnitude, quantity, or degree; comparative relation; ratio; as, the proportion of the parts of a building, or of the body.

*The image of Christ, made after his own proportion.* --*Ridley.*

*Formed in the best proportions of her sex.* --*Sir W. Scott.*

*Documents are authentic and facts are true precisely in proportion to the support which they afford to his theory.* --*Macaulay.*

2. Harmonic relation between parts, or between different things of the same kind; symmetrical arrangement or adjustment; symmetry; as, to be out of proportion. *“Let us prophesy according to the proportion of faith.”*

3. The portion one receives when a whole is distributed by a rule or principle; equal or proper share; lot.

4. A part considered comparatively; a share.

5. Math. (a) The equality or similarity of ratios, especially of geometrical ratios; or a relation among quantities such that the quotient of the first divided by the second is equal to that of the third divided by the fourth; -- called also geometrical proportion, in distinction from

Note: ☞

a:b::c:d, or a:b = c:d, or a/b = c/d.

(b) The rule of three, in arithmetic, in which the three given terms, together with the one sought, are proportional.

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Pro·por·tion, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Proportioned p. pr. & vb. n. Proportioning.]

1. To adjust in a suitable proportion, as one thing or one part to another; as, to proportion the size of a building to its height; to proportion our expenditures to our income.

*In the loss of an object we do not proportion our grief to the real value . . . but to the value our fancies set upon it.* --*Addison.*

2. To form with symmetry or suitableness, as the parts of the body.

*Nature had proportioned her without any fault.* --*Sir P. Sidney.*

3. To divide into equal or just shares; to apportion.

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From: WordNet (r) 2.0

proportion

n 1: the quotient obtained when the magnitude of a part is

divided by the magnitude of the whole [syn: proportionality]

2: magnitude or extent; "a building of vast proportions" [syn:

dimension]

3: balance among the parts of something [syn: symmetry] [ant:

disproportion]

4: harmonious arrangement or relation of parts or elements

within a whole (as in a design); "in all perfectly

beautiful objects there is found the opposition of one

part to another and a reciprocal balance"- John Ruskin

[syn: balance]

v 1: give pleasant proportions to; "harmonize a building with

those surrounding it"

2: adjust in size relative to other things