form /ˈfɔ(ə)rm/ 名詞
1. The shape and structure of anything, as distinguished from the material of which it is composed; particular disposition or arrangement of matter, giving it individuality or distinctive character; configuration; figure; external appearance.
The form of his visage was changed. --Dan. iii. 19.
And woven close close, both matter, form, and style. --Milton.
2. Constitution; mode of construction, organization, etc.; system; as, a republican form of government.
3. Established method of expression or practice; fixed way of proceeding; conventional or stated scheme; formula; as, a form of prayer.
Those whom form of laws
Condemned to die. --Dryden.
4. Show without substance; empty, outside appearance; vain, trivial, or conventional ceremony; conventionality; formality; as, a matter of mere form.
Though well we may not pass upon his life
Without the form of justice. --Shak.
5. Orderly arrangement; shapeliness; also, comeliness; elegance; beauty.
The earth was without form and void. --Gen. i. 2.
He hath no form nor comeliness. --Is. liii. 2.
6. A shape; an image; a phantom.
7. That by which shape is given or determined; mold; pattern; model.
8. A long seat; a bench; hence, a rank of students in a school; a class; also, a class or rank in society. “Ladies of a high form.”
9. The seat or bed of a hare.
As in a form sitteth a weary hare. --Chaucer.
10. Print. The type or other matter from which an impression is to be taken, arranged and secured in a chase.
11. Fine Arts The boundary line of a material object. In painting, more generally, the human body.
12. Gram. The particular shape or structure of a word or part of speech; as, participial forms; verbal forms.
13. Crystallog. The combination of planes included under a general crystallographic symbol. It is not necessarily a closed solid.
14. Metaph. That assemblage or disposition of qualities which makes a conception, or that internal constitution which makes an existing thing to be what it is; -- called essential or substantial form, and contradistinguished from matter; hence, active or formative nature; law of being or activity; subjectively viewed, an idea; objectively, a law.
15. Mode of acting or manifestation to the senses, or the intellect; as, water assumes the form of ice or snow. In modern usage, the elements of a conception furnished by the mind's own activity, as contrasted with its object or condition, which is called the matter; subjectively, a mode of apprehension or belief conceived as dependent on the constitution of the mind; objectively, universal and necessary accompaniments or elements of every object known or thought of.
16. Biol. The peculiar characteristics of an organism as a type of others; also, the structure of the parts of an animal or plant.
Good form or Bad form, the general appearance, condition or action, originally of horses, afterwards of persons; as, the members of a boat crew are said to be in good form when they pull together uniformly. The phrases are further used colloquially in description of conduct or manners in society; as, it is not good form to smoke in the presence of a lady.
Form v. t. [imp. & p. p. Formed p. pr. & vb. n. Forming.]
1. To give form or shape to; to frame; to construct; to make; to fashion.
God formed man of the dust of the ground. --Gen. ii. 7.
The thought that labors in my forming brain. --Rowe.
2. To give a particular shape to; to shape, mold, or fashion into a certain state or condition; to arrange; to adjust; also, to model by instruction and discipline; to mold by influence, etc.; to train.
'T is education forms the common mind. --Pope.
Thus formed for speed, he challenges the wind. --Dryden.
3. To go to make up; to act as constituent of; to be the essential or constitutive elements of; to answer for; to make the shape of; -- said of that out of which anything is formed or constituted, in whole or in part.
The diplomatic politicians . . . who formed by far the majority. --Burke.
4. To provide with a form, as a hare. See Form, n., 9.
The melancholy hare is formed in brakes and briers. --Drayton.
5. Gram. To derive by grammatical rules, as by adding the proper suffixes and affixes.
6. Elec. To treat (plates) so as to bring them to fit condition for introduction into a storage battery, causing one plate to be composed more or less of spongy lead, and the other of lead peroxide. This was formerly done by repeated slow alternations of the charging current, but now the plates or grids are coated or filled, one with a paste of red lead and the other with litharge, introduced into the cell, and formed by a direct charging current.
Form, v. i.
1. To take a form, definite shape, or arrangement; as, the infantry should form in column.
2. To run to a form, as a hare.
To form on Mil., to form a lengthened line with reference to (any given object) as a basis.
n 1: the phonological or orthographic sound or appearance of a
word that can be used to describe or identify something;
"the inflected forms of a word can be represented by a
stem and a list of inflections to be attached" [syn: word
form, signifier, descriptor]
2: a category of things distinguished by some common
characteristic or quality; "sculpture is a form of art";
"what kinds of desserts are there?" [syn: kind, sort,
3: a perceptual structure; "the composition presents problems
for students of musical form"; "a visual pattern must
include not only objects but the spaces between them"
[syn: shape, pattern]
4: any spatial attributes (especially as defined by outline);
"he could barely make out their shapes through the smoke"
[syn: shape, configuration, contour, conformation]
5: alternative names for the body of a human being; "Leonardo
studied the human body"; "he has a strong physique"; "the
spirit is willing but the flesh is weak" [syn: human body,
physical body, material body, soma, build, figure,
physique, anatomy, shape, bod, chassis, frame,
6: the spatial arrangement of something as distinct from its
substance; "geometry is the mathematical science of shape"
7: the visual appearance of something or someone; "the delicate
cast of his features" [syn: shape, cast]
8: (physical chemistry) a distinct state of matter in a system;
matter that is identical in chemical composition and
physical state and separated from other material by the
phase boundary; "the reaction occurs in the liquid phase
of the system" [syn: phase]
9: a printed document with spaces in which to write; "he filled
out his tax form"
10: (biology) a group of organisms within a species that differ
in trivial ways from similar groups; "a new strain of
microorganisms" [syn: variant, strain, var.]
11: an arrangement of the elements in a composition or
discourse; "the essay was in the form of a dialogue"; "he
first sketches the plot in outline form"
12: a particular mode in which something is manifested; "his
resentment took the form of extreme hostility"
13: a body of students who are taught together; "early morning
classes are always sleepy" [syn: class, grade]
14: an ability to perform well; "he was at the top of his form";
"the team was off form last night"
15: a life-size dummy used to display clothes [syn: mannequin,
manikin, mannikin, manakin]
16: a mold for setting concrete; "they built elaborate forms for
pouring the foundation"
v 1: to compose or represent:"This wall forms the background of
the stage setting"; "The branches made a roof"; "This
makes a fine introduction" [syn: constitute, make]
2: create (as an entity); "social groups form everywhere";
"They formed a company" [syn: organize, organise]
3: develop into a distinctive entity; "our plans began to take
shape" [syn: take form, take shape, spring]
4: give a shape or form to; "shape the dough" [syn: shape]
5: make something, usually for a specific function; "She molded
the riceballs carefully"; "Form cylinders from the dough";
"shape a figure"; "Work the metal into a sword" [syn: shape,
work, mold, mould, forge]
6: establish or impress firmly in the mind; "We imprint our
ideas onto our children" [syn: imprint]
7: give shape to; "form the clay into a head" [ant: deform]