1. A charge, especially a pecuniary burden which is imposed by authority. Specifically: --
(a) A charge or burden laid upon persons or property for the support of a government.
A farmer of taxes is, of all creditors, proverbially the most rapacious. --Macaulay.
(b) Especially, the sum laid upon specific things, as upon polls, lands, houses, income, etc.; as, a land tax; a window tax; a tax on carriages, and the like.
Note: Taxes are annual or perpetual, direct or indirect, etc.
(c) A sum imposed or levied upon the members of a society to defray its expenses.
2. A task exacted from one who is under control; a contribution or service, the rendering of which is imposed upon a subject.
3. A disagreeable or burdensome duty or charge; as, a heavy tax on time or health.
4. Charge; censure. [Obs.]
5. A lesson to be learned; a task. [Obs.]
Tax cart, a spring cart subject to a low tax. [Eng.]
Syn: -- Impost; tribute; contribution; duty; toll; rate; assessment; exaction; custom; demand.
Tax v. t. [imp. & p. p. Taxed p. pr. & vb. n. Taxing.]
1. To subject to the payment of a tax or taxes; to impose a tax upon; to lay a burden upon; especially, to exact money from for the support of government.
We are more heavily taxed by our idleness, pride, and folly than we are taxed by government. --Franklin.
2. Law To assess, fix, or determine judicially, the amount of; as, to tax the cost of an action in court.
3. To charge; to accuse; also, to censure; -- often followed by with, rarely by of before an indirect object; as, to tax a man with pride.
I tax you, you elements, with unkindness. --Shak.
Men's virtues I have commended as freely as I have taxed their crimes. --Dryden.
Fear not now that men should tax thine honor. --M. Arnold.
n : charge against a citizen's person or property or activity
for the support of government [syn: taxation, revenue
v 1: levy a tax on; "The State taxes alcohol heavily"; "Clothing
is not taxed in our state"
2: set or determine the amount of (a payment such as a fine)
3: use to the limit; "you are taxing my patience" [syn: task]
4: make a charge against or accuse; "They taxed him failure to
appear in court"
[also: taxes (pl)]