bur·den /ˈbɝdṇ/ 名詞
Bur·den n. [Written also burthen.]
1. That which is borne or carried; a load.
Plants with goodly burden bowing. --Shak.
2. That which is borne with labor or difficulty; that which is grievous, wearisome, or oppressive.
Deaf, giddy, helpless, left alone,
To all my friends a burden grown. --Swift.
3. The capacity of a vessel, or the weight of cargo that she will carry; as, a ship of a hundred tons burden.
4. Mining The tops or heads of stream-work which lie over the stream of tin.
5. Metal. The proportion of ore and flux to fuel, in the charge of a blast furnace.
6. A fixed quantity of certain commodities; as, a burden of gad steel, 120 pounds.
7. A birth. [Obs. & R.]
Beast of burden, an animal employed in carrying burdens.
Burden of proof
Syn: -- Burden, Load.
Usage: A burden is, in the literal sense, a weight to be borne; a load is something laid upon us to be carried. Hence, when used figuratively, there is usually a difference between the two words. Our burdens may be of such a nature that we feel bound to bear them cheerfully or without complaint. They may arise from the nature of our situation; they may be allotments of Providence; they may be the consequences of our errors. What is upon us, as a load, we commonly carry with greater reluctance or sense of oppression. Men often find the charge of their own families to be a burden; but if to this be added a load of care for others, the pressure is usually serve and irksome.
Bur·don n. A pilgrim's staff. [Written also burden.]
Bur·den, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Burdened p. pr. & vb. n. Burdening ]
1. To encumber with weight (literal or figurative); to lay a heavy load upon; to load.
I mean not that other men be eased, and ye burdened. --2 Cor. viii. 13.
2. To oppress with anything grievous or trying; to overload; as, to burden a nation with taxes.
My burdened heart would break. --Shak.
3. To impose, as a load or burden; to lay or place as a burden (something heavy or objectionable). [R.]
It is absurd to burden this act on Cromwell. --Coleridge.
Syn: -- To load; encumber; overload; oppress.
1. The verse repeated in a song, or the return of the theme at the end of each stanza; the chorus; refrain. Hence: That which is often repeated or which is dwelt upon; the main topic; as, the burden of a prayer.
I would sing my song without a burden. --Shak.
2. The drone of a bagpipe.
Bur·den, n. A club. [Obs.]
n 1: an onerous or difficult concern; "the burden of
responsibility"; "that's a load off my mind" [syn: load,
encumbrance, incumbrance, onus]
2: weight to be borne or conveyed [syn: load, loading]
3: the central meaning or theme of a speech or literary work
[syn: effect, essence, core, gist]
4: the central idea that is expanded in a document or discourse
v 1: weight down with a load [syn: burthen, weight, weight
down] [ant: unburden]
2: impose a task upon, assign a responsibility to; "He charged
her with cleaning up all the files over the weekend" [syn:
(1.) A load of any kind (Ex. 23:5). (2.) A severe task (Ex.
2:11). (3.) A difficult duty, requiring effort (Ex. 18:22). (4.)
A prophecy of a calamitous or disastrous nature (Isa. 13:1;
17:1; Hab. 1:1, etc.).