charge /ˈʧɑrʤ/ 及物動詞
電荷 充電 計費 費
Charge v. t. [imp. & p. p. Charged p. pr. & vb. n. Charging.]
1. To lay on or impose, as a load, tax, or burden; to load; to fill.
A carte that charged was with hay. --Chaucer.
The charging of children's memories with rules. --Locke.
2. To lay on or impose, as a task, duty, or trust; to command, instruct, or exhort with authority; to enjoin; to urge earnestly; as, to charge a jury; to charge the clergy of a diocese; to charge an agent.
Moses . . . charged you to love the Lord your God. --Josh. xxii. 5.
Cromwell, I charge thee, fling away ambition. --Shak.
3. To lay on, impose, or make subject to or liable for.
When land shall be charged by any lien. --Kent.
4. To fix or demand as a price; as, he charges two dollars a barrel for apples.
5. To place something to the account of as a debt; to debit, as, to charge one with goods. Also, to enter upon the debit side of an account; as, to charge a sum to one.
6. To impute or ascribe; to lay to one's charge.
No more accuse thy pen, but charge the crime
On native sloth and negligence of time. --Dryden.
7. To accuse; to make a charge or assertion against (a person or thing); to lay the responsibility (for something said or done) at the door of.
If he did that wrong you charge him with. --Tennyson.
8. To place within or upon any firearm, piece of apparatus or machinery, the quantity it is intended and fitted to hold or bear; to load; to fill; as, to charge a gun; to charge an electrical machine, etc.
Their battering cannon charged to the mouths. --Shak.
9. To ornament with or cause to bear; as, to charge an architectural member with a molding.
10. Her. To assume as a bearing; as, he charges three roses or; to add to or represent on; as, he charges his shield with three roses or.
11. To call to account; to challenge. [Obs.]
To charge me to an answer. --Shak.
12. To bear down upon; to rush upon; to attack.
Charged our main battle's front. --Shak.
Syn: -- To intrust; command; exhort; instruct; accuse; impeach; arraign. See Accuse.
Charge v. i.
1. To make an onset or rush; as, to charge with fixed bayonets.
Like your heroes of antiquity, he charges in iron. --Glanvill.
=\“Charge for the guns!” he said.\= --Tennyson.
2. To demand a price; as, to charge high for goods.
3. To debit on an account; as, to charge for purchases.
4. To squat on its belly and be still; -- a command given by a sportsman to a dog.
1. A load or burder laid upon a person or thing.
2. A person or thing commited or intrusted to the care, custody, or management of another; a trust.
Note: ☞ The people of a parish or church are called the charge of the clergyman who is set over them.
3. Custody or care of any person, thing, or place; office; responsibility; oversight; obigation; duty.
'Tis a great charge to come under one body's hand. --Shak.
4. Heed; care; anxiety; trouble. [Obs.]
5. Harm. [Obs.]
6. An order; a mandate or command; an injunction.
The king gave cherge concerning Absalom. --2. Sam. xviii. 5.
7. An address (esp. an earnest or impressive address) containing instruction or exhortation; as, the charge of a judge to a jury; the charge of a bishop to his clergy.
8. An accusation of a wrong of offense; allegation; indictment; specification of something alleged.
The charge of confounding very different classes of phenomena. --Whewell.
9. Whatever constitutes a burden on property, as rents, taxes, lines, etc.; costs; expense incurred; -- usually in the plural.
10. The price demanded for a thing or service.
11. An entry or a account of that which is due from one party to another; that which is debited in a business transaction; as, a charge in an account book.
12. That quantity, as of ammunition, electricity, ore, fuel, etc., which any apparatus, as a gun, battery, furnace, machine, etc., is intended to receive and fitted to hold, or which is actually in it at one time
13. The act of rushing upon, or towards, an enemy; a sudden onset or attack, as of troops, esp. cavalry; hence, the signal for attack; as, to sound the charge.
Never, in any other war afore, gave the Romans a hotter charge upon the enemies. --Holland.
The charge of the light brigade. --Tennyson.
14. A position (of a weapon) fitted for attack; as, to bring a weapon to the charge.
15. Far. A sort of plaster or ointment.
16. Her. A bearing. See Bearing, n., 8.
17. Thirty-six pigs of lead, each pig weighing about seventy pounds; -- called also charre.
18. Weight; import; value.
Many suchlike =\“as's” of great charge.\= --Shak.
Back charge. See under Back, a.
Bursting charge. (a) Mil. The charge which bursts a shell, etc. (b) Mining A small quantity of fine powder to secure the ignition of a charge of coarse powder in blasting.
Charge and discharge Equity Practice, the old mode or form of taking an account before a master in chancery.
Charge sheet, the paper on which are entered at a police station all arrests and accusations.
To sound the charge, to give the signal for an attack.
Syn: -- Care; custody; trust; management; office; expense; cost; price; assault; attack; onset; injunction; command; order; mandate; instruction; accusation; indictment.
n 1: (criminal law) a pleading describing some wrong or offense;
"he was arrested on a charge of larceny" [syn: complaint]
2: the price charged for some article or service; "the
3: an assertion that someone is guilty of a fault or offence;
"the newspaper published charges that Jones was guilty of
drunken driving" [syn: accusation]
4: request for payment of a debt; "they submitted their charges
at the end of each month" [syn: billing]
5: a impetuous rush toward someone or something; "the
wrestler's charge carried him past his adversary"; "the
battle began with a cavalry charge"
6: the quantity of unbalanced electricity in a body (either
positive or negative) and construed as an excess or
deficiency of electrons; "the battery needed a fresh
charge" [syn: electric charge]
7: financial liabilities (such as a tax); "the charges against
8: a person committed to your care; "the teacher led her
charges across the street"
9: attention and management implying responsibility for safety;
"he is in the care of a bodyguard" [syn: care, tutelage,
10: a special assignment that is given to a person or group; "a
confidential mission to London"; "his charge was deliver
a message" [syn: mission, commission]
11: a formal statement of a command or injunction to do
something; "the judge's charge to the jury" [syn: commission,
12: a quantity of explosive to be set off at one time; "this
cartridge has a powder charge of 50 grains" [syn: burster,
bursting charge, explosive charge]
13: the swift release of a store of affective force; "they got a
great bang out of it"; "what a boot!"; "he got a quick
rush from injecting heroin"; "he does it for kicks" [syn:
bang, boot, rush, flush, thrill, kick]
14: (psychoanalysis) the libidinal energy invested in some idea
or person or object; "Freud thought of cathexis as a
psychic analog of an electrical charge" [syn: cathexis]
15: heraldry consisting of a design or image depicted on a
shield [syn: bearing, heraldic bearing, armorial
v 1: to make a rush at or sudden attack upon, as in battle; "he
saw Jess charging at him with a pitchfork" [syn: bear
2: blame for, make a claim of wrongdoing or misbehavior
against; "he charged me director with indifference" [syn:
3: demand payment; "Will I get charged for this service?"; "We
were billed for 4 nights in the hotel, although we stayed
only 3 nights" [syn: bill]
4: move quickly and violently; "The car tore down the street";
"He came charging into my office" [syn: tear, shoot, shoot
5: assign a duty, responsibility or obligation to; "He was
appointed deputy manager"; "She was charged with
supervising the creation of a concordance" [syn: appoint]
6: file a formal charge against; "The suspect was charged with
murdering his wife" [syn: lodge, file]
7: make an accusatory claim; "The defense attorney charged that
the jurors were biased"
8: fill or load to capacity; "charge the wagon with hay" [ant:
9: enter a certain amount as a charge; "he charged me $15"
10: cause to be admitted; of persons to an institution; "After
the second episode, she had to be committed"; "he was
committed to prison" [syn: commit, institutionalize,
11: give over to another for care or safekeeping; "consign your
baggage" [syn: consign]
12: pay with a credit card; pay with plastic money; postpone
payment by recording a purchase as a debt; "Will you pay
cash or charge the purchase?" [ant: pay cash]
13: lie down on command, of hunting dogs
14: cause to be agitated, excited, or roused; "The speaker
charged up the crowd with his inflammatory remarks" [syn:
agitate, rouse, turn on, commove, excite, charge
up] [ant: calm]
15: place a heraldic bearing on; "charge all weapons, shields,
16: provide with munition; "He loaded his gun carefully" [syn: load]
17: direct into a position for use; "point a gun"; "He charged
his weapon at me" [syn: level, point]
18: impose a task upon, assign a responsibility to; "He charged
her with cleaning up all the files over the weekend"
[syn: saddle, burden]
19: instruct (a jury) about the law, its application, and the
weighing of evidence
20: instruct or command with authority; "The teacher charged the
children to memorize the poem"
21: attribute responsibility to; "We blamed the accident on
her"; "The tragedy was charged to her inexperience" [syn:
22: set or ask for a certain price; "How much do you charge for
lunch?"; "This fellow charges $100 for a massage"
23: cause formation of a net electrical charge in or on; "charge
24: energize a battery by passing a current through it in the
direction opposite to discharge; "I need to charge my car
25: saturate; "The room was charged with tension and anxiety"