保持 保留 架
Hold n. Naut. The whole interior portion of a vessel below the lower deck, in which the cargo is stowed.
Hold, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Held p. pr. & vb. n. Holding. Holden p. p., is obs. in elegant writing, though still used in legal language.]
1. To cause to remain in a given situation, position, or relation, within certain limits, or the like; to prevent from falling or escaping; to sustain; to restrain; to keep in the grasp; to retain.
The loops held one curtain to another. --Ex. xxxvi. 12.
Thy right hand shall hold me. --Ps. cxxxix. 10.
They all hold swords, being expert in war. --Cant. iii. 8.
In vain he seeks, that having can not hold. --Spenser.
France, thou mayst hold a serpent by the tongue, . . .
A fasting tiger safer by the tooth,
Than keep in peace that hand which thou dost hold. --Shak.
2. To retain in one's keeping; to maintain possession of, or authority over; not to give up or relinquish; to keep; to defend.
We mean to hold what anciently we claim
Of deity or empire. --Milton.
3. To have; to possess; to be in possession of; to occupy; to derive title to; as, to hold office.
This noble merchant held a noble house. --Chaucer.
Of him to hold his seigniory for a yearly tribute. --Knolles.
And now the strand, and now the plain, they held. --Dryden.
4. To impose restraint upon; to limit in motion or action; to bind legally or morally; to confine; to restrain.
We can not hold mortality's strong hand. --Shak.
Death! what do'st? O, hold thy blow. --Grashaw.
He had not sufficient judgment and self-command to hold his tongue. --Macaulay.
5. To maintain in being or action; to carry on; to prosecute, as a course of conduct or an argument; to continue; to sustain.
Hold not thy peace, and be not still. --Ps. lxxxiii. 1.
Seedtime and harvest, heat and hoary frost,
Shall hold their course. --Milton.
6. To prosecute, have, take, or join in, as something which is the result of united action; as to, hold a meeting, a festival, a session, etc.; hence, to direct and bring about officially; to conduct or preside at; as, the general held a council of war; a judge holds a court; a clergyman holds a service.
I would hold more talk with thee. --Shak.
7. To receive and retain; to contain as a vessel; as, this pail holds milk; hence, to be able to receive and retain; to have capacity or containing power for.
Broken cisterns that can hold no water. --Jer. ii. 13.
One sees more devils than vast hell can hold. --Shak.
8. To accept, as an opinion; to be the adherent of, openly or privately; to persist in, as a purpose; to maintain; to sustain.
Stand fast and hold the traditions which ye have been taught. --2 Thes. ii.15.
But still he held his purpose to depart. --Dryden.
9. To consider; to regard; to esteem; to account; to think; to judge.
I hold him but a fool. --Shak.
I shall never hold that man my friend. --Shak.
The Lord will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain. --Ex. xx. 7.
10. To bear, carry, or manage; as he holds himself erect; he holds his head high.
Let him hold his fingers thus. --Shak.
To hold a wager, to lay or hazard a wager. --Swift.
To hold forth, (a) v. t.to offer; to exhibit; to propose; to put forward. “The propositions which books hold forth and pretend to teach.” --Locke. (b) v. i. To talk at length; to harangue.
To held in, to restrain; to curd.
To hold in hand, to toy with; to keep in expectation; to have in one's power. [Obs.]
O, fie! to receive favors, return falsehoods,
And hold a lady in hand. --Beaw. & Fl.
-- To hold in play, to keep under control; to dally with. --Macaulay.
To hold off, to keep at a distance.
To hold on, to hold in being, continuance or position; as, to hold a rider on.
To hold one's day, to keep one's appointment. [Obs.] --Chaucer.
To hold one's own. To keep good one's present condition absolutely or relatively; not to fall off, or to lose ground; as, a ship holds her own when she does not lose ground in a race or chase; a man holds his own when he does not lose strength or weight.
To hold one's peace, to keep silence.- To hold out. (a) To extend; to offer. “Fortune holds out these to you as rewards.” --B. Jonson. (b) To continue to do or to suffer; to endure. “He can not long hold out these pangs.” --Shak.
To hold up. (a) To raise; to lift; as, hold up your head. (b) To support; to sustain. “He holds himself up in virtue.”--Sir P. Sidney. (c) To exhibit; to display; as, he was held up as an example. (d) To rein in; to check; to halt; as, hold up your horses. (e) to rob, usually at gunpoint; -- often with the demand to “hold up” the hands. (f) To delay.
To hold water. (a) Literally, to retain water without leaking; hence (Fig.), to be whole, sound, consistent, without gaps or holes; -- commonly used in a negative sense; as, his statements will not hold water. [Colloq.] (b) Naut. To hold the oars steady in the water, thus checking the headway of a boat.
Hold, v. i. In general, to keep one's self in a given position or condition; to remain fixed. Hence:
1. Not to move; to halt; to stop; -- mostly in the imperative.
And damned be him that first cries, =\“Hold, enough!”\= --Shak.
2. Not to give way; not to part or become separated; to remain unbroken or unsubdued.
Our force by land hath nobly held. --Shak.
3. Not to fail or be found wanting; to continue; to last; to endure a test or trial; to abide; to persist.
While our obedience holds. --Milton.
The rule holds in land as all other commodities. --Locke.
4. Not to fall away, desert, or prove recreant; to remain attached; to cleave; -- often with with, to, or for.
He will hold to the one and despise the other. --Matt. vi. 24
5. To restrain one's self; to refrain.
His dauntless heart would fain have held
From weeping, but his eyes rebelled. --Dryden.
6. To derive right or title; -- generally with of.
My crown is absolute, and holds of none. --Dryden.
His imagination holds immediately from nature. --Hazlitt.
Hold on! Hold up! wait; stop; forbear. [Collog]
To hold forth, to speak in public; to harangue; to preach. --L'Estrange.
To hold in, to restrain one's self; as, he wanted to laugh and could hardly hold in.
To hold off, to keep at a distance.
To hold on, to keep fast hold; to continue; to go on. “The trade held on for many years,” --Swift.
To hold out, to last; to endure; to continue; to maintain one's self; not to yield or give way.
To hold over, to remain in office, possession, etc., beyond a certain date.
To hold to or To hold with, to take sides with, as a person or opinion.
To hold together, to be joined; not to separate; to remain in union. --Dryden. --Locke.
To hold up. (a) To support one's self; to remain unbent or unbroken; as, to hold up under misfortunes. (b) To cease raining; to cease to stop; as, it holds up. --Hudibras. (c) To keep up; not to fall behind; not to lose ground. --Collier.
1. The act of holding, as in or with the hands or arms; the manner of holding, whether firm or loose; seizure; grasp; clasp; grip; possession; -- often used with the verbs take and lay.
Ne have I not twelve pence within mine hold. --Chaucer.
Thou should'st lay hold upon him. --B. Jonson.
My soul took hold on thee. --Addison.
Take fast hold of instruction. --Pror. iv. 13.
2. The authority or ground to take or keep; claim.
The law hath yet another hold on you. --Shak.
3. Binding power and influence.
Fear . . . by which God and his laws take the surest hold of. --Tillotson.
4. Something that may be grasped; means of support.
If a man be upon an high place without rails or good hold, he is ready to fall. --Bacon.
5. A place of confinement; a prison; confinement; custody; guard.
They . . . put them in hold unto the next day. --Acts. iv. 3.
King Richard, he is in the mighty hold
Of Bolingbroke. --Shak.
6. A place of security; a fortified place; a fort; a castle; -- often called a stronghold.
New comers in an ancient hold --Tennyson.
7. Mus. A character [thus ░] placed over or under a note or rest, and indicating that it is to be prolonged; -- called also pause, and corona.
n 1: the act of grasping; "he released his clasp on my arm"; "he
has a strong grip for an old man"; "she kept a firm hold
on the railing" [syn: clasp, clench, clutch, clutches,
2: understanding of the nature or meaning or quality or
magnitude of something; "he has a good grasp of accounting
practices" [syn: appreciation, grasp]
3: power by which something or someone is affected or
dominated; "he has a hold over them"
4: time during which some action is awaited; "instant replay
caused too long a delay"; "he ordered a hold in the
action" [syn: delay, time lag, postponement, wait]
5: a state of being confined (usually for a short time); "his
detention was politically motivated"; "the prisoner is on
hold"; "he is in the custody of police" [syn: detention,
6: a stronghold
7: a cell in a jail or prison [syn: keep]
8: the appendage to an object that is designed to be held in
order to use or move it; "he grabbed the hammer by the
handle"; "it was an old briefcase but it still had a good
grip" [syn: handle, grip, handgrip]
9: the space in a ship or aircraft for storing cargo [syn: cargo
area, cargo deck, cargo hold, storage area]
v 1: organize or be responsible for; "hold a reception"; "have,
throw, or make a party"; "give a course" [syn: throw,
have, make, give]
2: keep in a certain state, position, or activity; e.g., "keep
clean"; "hold in place"; "She always held herself as a
lady"; "The students keep me on my toes" [syn: keep, maintain]
3: have or hold in one's hands or grip; "Hold this bowl for a
moment, please"; "A crazy idea took hold of him" [syn: take
hold] [ant: let go of]
4: to close within bounds, limit or hold back from movement;
"This holds the local until the express passengers change
trains"; "About a dozen animals were held inside the
stockade"; "The illegal immigrants were held at a
detention center"; "The terrorists held the journalists
for ransom" [syn: restrain, confine]
5: have rightfully; of rights, titles, and offices; "She bears
the title of Duchess"; "He held the governorship for
almost a decade" [syn: bear]
6: have or possess, either in a concrete or an abstract sense;
"She has $1,000 in the bank"; "He has got two beautiful
daughters"; "She holds a Master's degree from Harvard"
[syn: have, have got]
7: keep in mind or convey as a conviction or view; "take for
granted"; "view as important"; "hold these truths to be
self-evident"; "I hold him personally responsible" [syn: deem,
view as, take for]
8: contain or hold; have within; "The jar carries wine"; "The
canteen holds fresh water"; "This can contains water"
[syn: bear, carry, contain]
9: lessen the intensity of; temper; hold in restraint; hold or
keep within limits; "moderate your alcohol intake"; "hold
your tongue"; "hold your temper"; "control your anger"
[syn: control, hold in, contain, check, curb, moderate]
10: remain in a certain state, position, or condition; "The
weather held"; "They held on the road and kept marching"
11: maintain (a theory, thoughts, or feelings); "bear a grudge";
"entertain interesting notions"; "harbor a resentment"
[syn: harbor, harbour, entertain, nurse]
12: assert or affirm; "Rousseau's philosophy holds that people
are inherently good"
13: remain committed to; "I hold to these ideas"
14: secure and keep for possible future use or application; "The
landlord retained the security deposit"; "I reserve the
right to disagree" [syn: retain, keep back, hold
15: be the physical support of; carry the weight of; "The beam
holds up the roof"; "He supported me with one hand while
I balanced on the beam"; "What's holding that mirror?"
[syn: support, sustain, hold up]
16: hold the attention of; "The soprano held the audience";
"This story held our interest"; "She can hold an audience
17: keep from exhaling or expelling; "hold your breath"
18: support or hold in a certain manner; "She holds her head
high"; "He carried himself upright" [syn: carry, bear]
19: have room for; hold without crowding; "This hotel can
accommodate 250 guests"; "The theater admits 300 people";
"The auditorium can't hold more than 500 people" [syn: accommodate,
20: be capable of holding or containing; "This box won't take
all the items"; "The flask holds one gallon" [syn: contain,
21: be valid, applicable, or true; "This theory still holds"
[syn: prevail, obtain]
22: take and maintain control over, often by violent means; "The
dissatisfied students held the President's office for
almost a week"
23: protect against a challenge or attack; "Hold that position
behind the trees!"; "Hold the bridge against the enemy's
attacks" [syn: defend, guard]
24: declare to be; "She was declared incompetent"; "judge held
that the defendant was innocent" [syn: declare, adjudge]
25: have as a major characteristic; "The novel holds many
surprises"; "The book holds in store much valuable
26: cause to stop; "Halt the engines"; "Arrest the progress";
"halt the presses" [syn: halt, arrest]
27: bind by an obligation; cause to be indebted; "He's held by a
contract"; "I'll hold you by your promise" [syn: oblige,
28: cover as for protection against noise or smell; "She held
her ears when the jackhammer started to operate"; "hold
29: drink alcohol without showing ill effects; "He can hold his
liquor"; "he had drunk more than he could carry" [syn: carry]
30: be pertinent or relevant or applicable; "The same laws apply
to you!"; "This theory holds for all irrational numbers";
"The same rules go for everyone" [syn: apply, go for]
31: arrange for and reserve (something for someone else) in
advance; "reserve me a seat on a flight"; "The agent
booked tickets to the show for the whole family"; "please
hold a table at Maxim's" [syn: reserve, book]
32: resist or confront with resistance; "The politician defied
public opinion"; "The new material withstands even the
greatest wear and tear"; "The bridge held" [syn: defy,
withstand, hold up]
33: keep from departing; "Hold the taxi"; "Hold the horse"
34: stop dealing with; "hold all calls to the President's office
while he is in a meeting"
35: aim, point, or direct; "Hold the fire extinguisher directly
on the flames"
36: be in accord; be in agreement; "We agreed on the terms of
the settlement"; "I can't agree with you!"; "I hold with
those who say life is sacred"; "Both philosophers concord
on this point" [syn: agree, concur, concord] [ant:
a fortress, the name given to David's lurking-places (1 Sam.
22:4, 5; 24:22).