1. The act of convicting; the act of proving, finding, or adjudging, guilty of an offense.
The greater certainty of conviction and the greater certainty of punishment. --Hallam.
2. Law A judgment of condemnation entered by a court having jurisdiction; the act or process of finding guilty, or the state of being found guilty of any crime by a legal tribunal.
Conviction may accrue two ways. --Blackstone.
3. The act of convincing of error, or of compelling the admission of a truth; confutation.
For all his tedious talk is but vain boast,
Or subtle shifts conviction to evade. --Milton.
4. The state of being convinced or convicted; strong persuasion or belief; especially, the state of being convicted of sin, or by one's conscience.
To call good evil, and evil good, against the conviction of their own consciences. --Swift.
And did you presently fall under the power of this conviction? --Bunyan.
Syn: -- Conviction; persuasion.
Usage: -- Conviction respects soley matters of belief or faith; persuasion respects matters of belief or practice. Conviction respects our most important duties; persuasion is frequently applied to matters of indifference. --Crabb. -- Conviction is the result of the [operation of the] understanding; persuasion, of the will. Conviction is a necessity of the mind, persuasion an acquiescence of the inclination. --C. J. Smith. -- Persuasion often induces men to act in opposition to their conviction of duty.
n 1: an unshakable belief in something without need for proof or
evidence [syn: strong belief, article of faith]
2: (criminal law) a final judgment of guilty in a criminal case
and the punishment that is imposed; "the conviction came
as no surprise" [syn: judgment of conviction, condemnation,
sentence] [ant: acquittal]