du·ty /ˈduti ||ˈdju-/
未運行的( 指設備 ); 未當班的( 指工作人員 )
工作 職責 負載
Du·ty n.; pl. Duties
1. That which is due; payment. [Obs. as signifying a material thing.]
When thou receivest money for thy labor or ware, thou receivest thy duty. --Tyndale.
2. That which a person is bound by moral obligation to do, or refrain from doing; that which one ought to do; service morally obligatory.
Forgetting his duty toward God, his sovereign lord, and his country. --Hallam.
3. Hence, any assigned service or business; as, the duties of a policeman, or a soldier; to be on duty.
With records sweet of duties done. --Keble.
To employ him on the hardest and most imperative duty. --Hallam.
Duty is a graver term than obligation. A duty hardly exists to do trivial things; but there may be an obligation to do them. --C. J. Smith.
4. Specifically, obedience or submission due to parents and superiors.
5. Respect; reverence; regard; act of respect; homage. “My duty to you.”
6. Engin. The efficiency of an engine, especially a steam pumping engine, as measured by work done by a certain quantity of fuel; usually, the number of pounds of water lifted one foot by one bushel of coal (94 lbs. old standard), or by 1 cwt. (112 lbs., England, or 100 lbs., United States).
7. Com. Tax, toll, impost, or customs; excise; any sum of money required by government to be paid on the importation, exportation, or consumption of goods.
Note: ☞ An impost on land or other real estate, and on the stock of farmers, is not called a duty, but a direct tax. [U.S.]
Ad valorem duty, a duty which is graded according to the cost, or market value, of the article taxed. See Ad valorem.
Specific duty, a duty of a specific sum assessed on an article without reference to its value or market.
On duty, actually engaged in the performance of one's assigned task.
n 1: work that you are obliged to perform for moral or legal
reasons; "the duties of the job"
2: the social force that binds you to your obligations and the
courses of action demanded by that force; "we must instill
a sense of duty in our children"; "every right implies a
responsibility; every opportunity, an obligation; every
possession, a duty"- John D.Rockefeller Jr [syn: responsibility,
3: a government tax on imports or exports; "they signed a
treaty to lower duties on trade between their countries"