spe·cif·ic /spɪˈsɪfɪk/ 形容詞
特定 具體 比
1. Of or pertaining to a species; characterizing or constituting a species; possessing the peculiar property or properties of a thing which constitute its species, and distinguish it from other things; as, the specific form of an animal or a plant; the specific qualities of a drug; the specific distinction between virtue and vice.
Specific difference is that primary attribute which distinguishes each species from one another. --I. Watts.
2. Specifying; definite, or making definite; limited; precise; discriminating; as, a specific statement.
3. Med. Exerting a peculiar influence over any part of the body; preventing or curing disease by a peculiar adaptation, and not on general principles; as, quinine is a specific medicine in cases of malaria.
In fact, all medicines will be found specific in the perfection of the science. --Coleridge.
Specific character Nat. Hist., a characteristic or characteristics distinguishing one species from every other species of the same genus.
Specific disease Med. (a) A disease which produces a determinate definite effect upon the blood and tissues or upon some special tissue. (b) A disease which is itself uniformly produced by a definite and peculiar poison or organism.
Specific duty. Com. See under Duty.
Specific gravity. Physics See under Gravity.
Specific heat Physics, the quantity of heat required to raise the temperature of a body one degree, taking as the unit of measure the quantity required to raise the same weight of water from zero to one degree; thus, the specific heat of mercury is 0.033, that of water being 1.000.
Specific inductive capacity Physics, the effect of a dielectric body in producing static electric induction as compared with that of some other body or bodies referred to as a standard.
Specific legacy Law, a bequest of a particular thing, as of a particular animal or piece of furniture, specified and distinguished from all others. --Wharton. --Burrill.
Specific name Nat. Hist., the name which, appended to the name of the genus, constitutes the distinctive name of the species; -- originally applied by Linnaeus to the essential character of the species, or the essential difference. The present specific name he at first called the trivial name.
Specific performance Law, the peformance of a contract or agreement as decreed by a court of equity.
1. Med. A specific remedy. See Specific, a., 3.
His parents were weak enough to believe that the royal touch was a specific for this malady. --Macaulay.
2. Anything having peculiar adaption to the purpose to which it is applied.
adj 1: (sometimes followed by `to') applying to or characterized by
or distinguishing something particular or special or
unique; "rules with specific application"; "demands
specific to the job"; "a specific and detailed account
of the accident" [ant: general, nonspecific]
2: stated explicitly or in detail; "needed a specific amount"
3: relating to or distinguishing or constituting a taxonomic
species; "specific characters"
4: being or affecting a disease produced by a particular
microorganism or condition; used also of stains or dyes
used in making microscope slides; "quinine is highly
specific for malaria"; "a specific remedy"; "a specific
stain is one having a specific affinity for particular
structural elements" [ant: nonspecific]
n 1: a fact about some part (as opposed to general); "he always
reasons from the particular to the general" [syn: particular]
[ant: general, general]
2: a medicine that has a mitigating effect on a specific
disease; "quinine is a specific for malaria"