touch /ˈtəʧ/ 及物動詞
觸動; 觸壓; 按
Touch v. i.
1. To be in contact; to be in a state of junction, so that no space is between; as, two spheres touch only at points.
2. To fasten; to take effect; to make impression. [R.]
Strong waters pierce metals, and will touch upon gold, that will not touch upon silver. --Bacon.
3. To treat anything in discourse, especially in a slight or casual manner; -- often with on or upon.
If the antiquaries have touched upon it, they immediately
quitted it. --Addison.
4. Naut To be brought, as a sail, so close to the wind that its weather leech shakes.
Touch v. t. [imp. & p. p. Touched p. pr. & vb. n. Touching.]
1. To come in contact with; to hit or strike lightly against; to extend the hand, foot, or the like, so as to reach or rest on.
Him thus intent Ithuriel with his spear
Touched lightly. --Milton.
2. To perceive by the sense of feeling.
Nothing but body can be touched or touch. --Greech.
3. To come to; to reach; to attain to.
The god, vindictive, doomed them never more-
Ah, men unblessed! -- to touch their natal shore. --Pope.
4. To try; to prove, as with a touchstone. [Obs.]
Wherein I mean to touch your love indeed. --Shak.
5. To relate to; to concern; to affect.
The quarrel toucheth none but us alone. --Shak.
6. To handle, speak of, or deal with; to treat of.
Storial thing that toucheth gentilesse. --Chaucer.
7. To meddle or interfere with; as, I have not touched the books.
8. To affect the senses or the sensibility of; to move; to melt; to soften; especially, to cause feelings of pity, compassion, sympathy, or gratitude in.
What of sweet before
Hath touched my sense, flat seems to this and harsh. --Milton.
The tender sire was touched with what he said. --Addison.
9. To mark or delineate with touches; to add a slight stroke to with the pencil or brush.
The lines, though touched but faintly, are drawn right. --Pope.
10. To infect; to affect slightly.
11. To make an impression on; to have effect upon.
Its face . . . so hard that a file will not touch it. --Moxon.
12. To strike; to manipulate; to play on; as, to touch an instrument of music.
[They] touched their golden harps. --Milton.
13. To perform, as a tune; to play.
A person is the royal retinue touched a light and lively air on the flageolet. --Sir W. Scott.
14. To influence by impulse; to impel forcibly. “ No decree of mine, . . . [to] touch with lightest moment of impulse his free will,”
15. To harm, afflict, or distress.
Let us make a covenant with thee, that thou wilt do us no hurt, as we have not touched thee. --Gen. xxvi. 28, 29.
16. To affect with insanity, especially in a slight degree; to make partially insane; -- rarely used except in the past participle.
She feared his head was a little touched. --Ld. Lytton.
17. Geom. To be tangent to. See Tangent, a.
18. To lay a hand upon for curing disease.
19. To compare with; to be equal to; -- usually with a negative; as, he held that for good cheer nothing could touch an open fire. [Colloq.]
20. To induce to give or lend; to borrow from; as, to touch one for a loan; hence, to steal from. [Slang]
To touch a sail Naut., to bring it so close to the wind that its weather leech shakes.
To touch the wind Naut., to keep the ship as near the wind as possible.
To touch up, to repair; to improve by touches or emendation.
1. The act of touching, or the state of being touched; contact.
Their touch affrights me as a serpent's sting. --Shak.
2. Physiol. The sense by which pressure or traction exerted on the skin is recognized; the sense by which the properties of bodies are determined by contact; the tactile sense. See Tactile sense, under Tactile.
The spider's touch, how exquisitely fine. --Pope.
Note: ☞ Pure tactile feelings are necessarily rare, since temperature sensations and muscular sensations are more or less combined with them. The organs of touch are found chiefly in the epidermis of the skin and certain underlying nervous structures.
3. Act or power of exciting emotion.
The death of Fulvia, with more urgent touches,
Do strongly speak to us. --Shak.
4. An emotion or affection.
A true, natural, and a sensible touch of mercy. --Hooker.
5. Personal reference or application. [Obs.]
Speech of touch toward others should be sparingly used. --Bacon.
6. A stroke; as, a touch of raillery; a satiric touch; hence, animadversion; censure; reproof.
I never bare any touch of conscience with greater regret. --Eikon Basilike.
7. A single stroke on a drawing or a picture.
Never give the least touch with your pencil till you have well examined your design. --Dryden.
8. Feature; lineament; trait.
Of many faces, eyes, and hearts,
To have the touches dearest prized. --Shak.
9. The act of the hand on a musical instrument; bence, in the plural, musical notes.
Soft stillness and the night
Become the touches of sweet harmony. --Shak.
10. A small quantity intermixed; a little; a dash.
Eyes La touch of Sir Peter Lely in them. --Hazlitt.
Madam, I have a touch of your condition. --Shak.
11. A hint; a suggestion; slight notice.
A small touch will put him in mind of them. --Bacon.
12. A slight and brief essay. [Colloq.]
Print my preface in such form as, in the booksellers' phrase, will make a sixpenny touch. --Swift.
13. A touchstone; hence, stone of the sort used for touchstone. [Obs.] “ Now do I play the touch.”
A neat new monument of touch and alabaster. --Fuller.
14. Hence, examination or trial by some decisive standard; test; proof; tried quality.
Equity, the true touch of all laws. --Carew.
Friends of noble touch . --Shak.
15. Mus. The particular or characteristic mode of action, or the resistance of the keys of an instrument to the fingers; as, a heavy touch, or a light touch; also, the manner of touching, striking, or pressing the keys of a piano; as, a legato touch; a staccato touch.
16. Shipbilding The broadest part of a plank worked top and but (see Top and but, under Top, n.), or of one worked anchor-stock fashion (that is, tapered from the middle to both ends); also, the angles of the stern timbers at the counters.
17. Football That part of the field which is beyond the line of flags on either side.
18. A boys' game; tag.
19. Change Ringing A set of changes less than the total possible on seven bells, that is, less than 5,040.
20. An act of borrowing or stealing. [Slang]
21. Tallow; -- a plumber's term. [Eng.]
In touch (a) Football, outside of bounds. --T. Hughes. (b) in communication; communicating, once or repeatedly.
To be in touch, (a) to be in contact, communication, or in sympathy. (b) to be aware of current events.
To keep touch. (a) To be true or punctual to a promise or engagement [Obs.]; hence, to fulfill duly a function.
My mind and senses keep touch and time. --Sir W. Scott.
(b) To keep in contact; to maintain connection or sympathy; -- with with or of. Also to keep in touch.
Touch and go, a phrase descriptive of a narrow escape.
True as touch (i. e., touchstone), quite true. [Obs.]
n 1: the event of something coming in contact with the body; "he
longed for the touch of her hand"; "the cooling touch of
the night air" [syn: touching]
2: the faculty of touch; "only sight and touch enable us to
locate objects in the space around us" [syn: sense of
touch, skin senses, touch modality, cutaneous senses]
3: a suggestion of some quality; "there was a touch of sarcasm
in his tone"; "he detected a ghost of a smile on her face"
[syn: trace, ghost]
4: a distinguishing style; "this room needs a woman's touch"
5: the act of putting two things together with no space between
them; "at his touch the room filled with lights" [syn: touching]
6: a slight but appreciable addition; "this dish could use a
touch of garlic" [syn: hint, tinge, mite, pinch, jot,
7: a communicative interaction; "the pilot made contact with
the base"; "he got in touch with his colleagues" [syn: contact]
8: a slight attack of illness; "he has a touch of rheumatism"
9: the act of soliciting money (as a gift or loan); "he watched
the beggar trying to make a touch"
10: the sensation produced by pressure receptors in the skin;
"she likes the touch of silk on her skin"; "the surface
had a greasy feeling" [syn: touch sensation, tactual
sensation, tactile sensation, feeling]
11: deftness in handling matters; "he has a master's touch"
12: the feel of mechanical action; "this piano has a wonderful
v 1: make physical contact with, come in contact with; "Touch the
stone for good luck"; "She never touched her husband"
2: perceive via the tactile sense; "Helen Keller felt the
physical world by touching people and objects around her"
3: affect emotionally; "A stirring movie"; "I was touched by
your kind letter of sympathy" [syn: stir]
4: have to do with or be relevant to; "There were lots of
questions referring to her talk"; "My remark pertained to
your earlier comments" [syn: refer, pertain, relate,
concern, come to, bear on, touch on]
5: be in direct physical contact with; make contact; "The two
buildings touch"; "Their hands touched"; "The wire must
not contact the metal cover"; "The surfaces contact at
this point" [syn: adjoin, meet, contact]
6: have an effect upon; "Will the new rules affect me?" [syn: affect,
impact, bear upon, bear on, touch on]
7: deal with; usually used with a form of negation; "I wouldn't
touch her with a ten-foot pole"; "The local Mafia won't
8: cause to be in brief contact with; "He touched his toes to
the horse's flanks"
9: to extend as far as; "The sunlight reached the wall"; "Can
he reach?" "The chair must not touch the wall" [syn: reach,
10: be equal to in quality or ability; "Nothing can rival cotton
for durability"; "Your performance doesn't even touch
that of your colleagues"; "Her persistence and ambition
only matches that of her parents" [syn: equal, rival,
11: tamper with; "Don't touch my CDs!" [syn: disturb]
12: make a more or less disguised reference to; "He alluded to
the problem but did not mention it" [syn: allude, advert]
13: comprehend; "He could not touch the meaning of the poem"
14: consume; "She didn't touch her food all night" [syn: partake]
15: dye with a color [syn: tint, tinct, bepaint, tinge]