re·sis·tance /rɪˈzɪstən(t)s/ 名詞
1. The act of resisting; opposition, passive or active.
When King Demetrius saw that . . . no resistance was made against him, he sent away all his forces. --1. Macc. xi. 38.
2. Physics The quality of not yielding to force or external pressure; that power of a body which acts in opposition to the impulse or pressure of another, or which prevents the effect of another power; as, the resistance of the air to a body passing through it; the resistance of a target to projectiles.
3. A means or method of resisting; that which resists.
Unfold to us some warlike resistance. --Shak.
4. Elec. A certain hindrance or opposition to the passage of an electrical current or discharge offered by conducting bodies. It bears an inverse relation to the conductivity, -- good conductors having a small resistance, while poor conductors or insulators have a very high resistance. The unit of resistance is the ohm.
Resistance box Elec., a rheostat consisting of a box or case containing a number of resistance coils of standard values so arranged that they can be combined in various ways to afford more or less resistance.
Resistance coil Elec., a coil of wire introduced into an electric circuit to increase the resistance.
Solid of least resistance Mech., a solid of such a form as to experience, in moving in a fluid, less resistance than any other solid having the same base, height, and volume.
n 1: the action of opposing something that you disapprove or
disagree with; "he encountered a general feeling of
resistance from many citizens"; "despite opposition from
the newspapers he went ahead" [syn: opposition]
2: any mechanical force that tends to retard or oppose motion
3: a material's opposition to the flow of electric current;
measured in ohms [syn: electric resistance, electrical
resistance, impedance, resistivity, ohmic resistance]
4: the military action of resisting the enemy's advance; "the
enemy offered little resistance"
5: (medicine) the condition in which an organism can resist
disease [syn: immunity]
6: a secret group organized to overthrow a government or
occupation force [syn: underground]
7: the degree of unresponsiveness of a disease-causing
microorganism to antibiotics or other drugs (as in
8: (psychiatry) an unwillingness to bring repressed feelings
into conscious awareness
9: an electrical device that resists the flow of electrical
current [syn: resistor]
10: group action in opposition to those in power