pas·sive /ˈpæsɪv/ 形容詞
1. Not active, but acted upon; suffering or receiving impressions or influences; as, they were passive spectators, not actors in the scene.
The passive air
Upbore their nimble tread. --Milton.
The mind is wholly passive in the reception of all its simple ideas. --Locke.
2. Receiving or enduring without either active sympathy or active resistance; without emotion or excitement; patient; not opposing; unresisting; as, passive obedience; passive submission.
The best virtue, passive fortitude. --Massinger.
3. Chem. Inactive; inert; unreactive; not showing strong affinity; as, red phosphorus is comparatively passive.
4. Med. Designating certain morbid conditions, as hemorrhage or dropsy, characterized by relaxation of the vessels and tissues, with deficient vitality and lack of reaction in the affected tissues.
Passive congestion Med., congestion due to obstruction to the return of the blood from the affected part.
Passive iron Chem., iron which has been subjected to the action of heat, of strong nitric acid, chlorine, etc. It is then not easily acted upon by acids.
Passive movement Med., a movement of a part, in order to exercise it, made without the assistance of the muscles which ordinarily move the part.
Passive obedience (as used by writers on government), obedience or submission of the subject or citizen as a duty in all cases to the existing government.
Passive prayer, among mystic divines, a suspension of the activity of the soul or intellectual faculties, the soul remaining quiet, and yielding only to the impulses of grace.
Passive verb, or Passive voice Gram., a verb, or form of a verb, which expresses the effect of the action of some agent; as, in Latin, doceor, I am taught; in English, she is loved; the picture is admired by all; he is assailed by slander.
Syn: -- Inactive; inert; quiescent; unresisting; unopposing; suffering; enduring; submissive; patient.
adj 1: lacking in energy or will; "Much benevolence of the passive
order may be traced to a disinclination to inflict
pain upon oneself"- George Meredith [syn: inactive]
2: peacefully resistant in response to injustice; "passive
resistance" [syn: peaceful]
3: expressing thatthe subject of the sentence is the patient of
the action denoted by the verb; "academics seem to favor
passive sentences" [ant: active]
n : the voice used to indicate that the grammatical subject of
the verb is the recipient (not the source) of the action
denoted by the verb; "`The ball was thrown by the boy'
uses the passive voice"; "`The ball was thrown' is an
abbreviated passive" [syn: passive voice] [ant: active