ex·er·cise /ˈɛksɝˌsaɪz/ 名詞
1. The act of exercising; a setting in action or practicing; employment in the proper mode of activity; exertion; application; use; habitual activity; occupation, in general; practice.
exercise of the important function confided by the constitution to the legislature. --Jefferson.
O we will walk this world,
Yoked in all exercise of noble end. --Tennyson.
2. Exertion for the sake of training or improvement whether physical, intellectual, or moral; practice to acquire skill, knowledge, virtue, perfectness, grace, etc. “Desire of knightly exercise.”
An exercise of the eyes and memory. --Locke.
3. Bodily exertion for the sake of keeping the organs and functions in a healthy state; hygienic activity; as, to take exercise on horseback; to exercise on a treadmill or in a gym.
The wise for cure on exercise depend. --Dryden.
4. The performance of an office, a ceremony, or a religious duty.
Lewis refused even those of the church of England . . . the public exercise of their religion. --Addison.
To draw him from his holy exercise. --Shak.
5. That which is done for the sake of exercising, practicing, training, or promoting skill, health, mental, improvement, moral discipline, etc.; that which is assigned or prescribed for such ends; hence, a disquisition; a lesson; a task; as, military or naval exercises; musical exercises; an exercise in composition; arithmetic exercises.
The clumsy exercises of the European tourney. --Prescott.
He seems to have taken a degree, and performed public exercises in Cambridge, in 1565. --Brydges.
6. That which gives practice; a trial; a test.
Patience is more oft the exercise
Of saints, the trial of their fortitude. --Milton.
Exercise bone Med., a deposit of bony matter in the soft tissues, produced by pressure or exertion.
Ex·er·cise v. t. [imp. & p. p. Exercised p. pr. & vb. n. Exercising ]
1. To set in action; to cause to act, move, or make exertion; to give employment to; to put in action habitually or constantly; to school or train; to exert repeatedly; to busy.
Herein do I Exercise myself, to have always a conscience void of offence. --Acts xxiv. 16.
2. To exert for the sake of training or improvement; to practice in order to develop; hence, also, to improve by practice; to discipline, and to use or to for the purpose of training; as, to exercise arms; to exercise one's self in music; to exercise troops.
About him exercised heroic games
The unarmed youth. --Milton.
3. To occupy the attention and effort of; to task; to tax, especially in a painful or vexatious manner; harass; to vex; to worry or make anxious; to affect; to discipline; as, exercised with pain.
Where pain of unextinguishable fire
Must exercise us without hope of end. --Milton.
4. To put in practice; to carry out in action; to perform the duties of; to use; to employ; to practice; as, to exercise authority; to exercise an office.
I am the Lord which exercise loving-kindness, judgment, and righteousness in the earth. --Jer. ix. 24.
The people of the land have used oppression and exercised robbery. --Ezek. xxii. 29.
Ex·er·cise, v. i. To exercise one's self, as under military training; to drill; to take exercise; to use action or exertion; to practice gymnastics; as, to exercise for health or amusement.
I wear my trusty sword,
When I do exercise. --Cowper.
n 1: the activity of exerting your muscles in various ways to
keep fit; "the doctor recommended regular exercise"; "he
did some exercising"; "the physical exertion required by
his work kept him fit" [syn: exercising, physical
exercise, physical exertion, workout]
2: the act of using; "he warned against the use of narcotic
drugs"; "skilled in the utilization of computers" [syn: use,
usage, utilization, utilisation, employment]
3: systematic training by multiple repetitions; "practice makes
perfect" [syn: practice, drill, practice session, recitation]
4: a task performed or problem solved in order to develop skill
or understanding; "you must work the examples at the end
of each chapter in the textbook" [syn: example]
5: (usually plural) a ceremony that involves processions and
speeches; "academic exercises"
v 1: put to use; "exert one's power or influence" [syn: exert]
2: carry out or practice; as of jobs and professions; "practice
law" [syn: practice, practise, do]
3: give a work-out to; "Some parents exercise their infants";
"My personal trainer works me hard"; "work one's muscles"
[syn: work, work out]
4: do physical exercise; "She works out in the gym every day"
[syn: work out]
5: learn by repetition; "We drilled French verbs every day";
"Pianists practice scales" [syn: drill, practice, practise]