pain·ful /ˈpenfəl/ 形容詞
1. Full of pain; causing uneasiness or distress, either physical or mental; afflictive; disquieting; distressing.
2. Requiring labor or toil; difficult; executed with laborious effort; as a painful service; a painful march.
3. Painstaking; careful; industrious. [Obs.]
A very painful person, and a great clerk. --Jer. Taylor.
Nor must the painful husbandman be tired. --Dryden.
Syn: -- Disquieting; troublesome; afflictive; distressing; grievous; laborious; toilsome; difficult; arduous.
-- Pain*ful*ly, adv. -- Pain*ful*ness, n.
adj 1: causing physical or psychological pain; "worked with painful
slowness" [ant: painless]
2: causing misery or pain or distress; "it was a sore trial to
him"; "the painful process of growing up" [syn: afflictive,
3: exceptionally bad or displeasing; "atrocious taste";
"abominable workmanship"; "an awful voice"; "dreadful
manners"; "a painful performance"; "terrible handwriting";
"an unspeakable odor came sweeping into the room" [syn: atrocious,
abominable, awful, dreadful, terrible, unspeakable]
4: causing physical discomfort; "bites of black flies are more
than irritating; they can be very painful" [syn: irritating]