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3 definitions found

From: DICT.TW English-Chinese Dictionary 英漢字典


From: Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)

 Ir·ri·tate, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Irritated p. pr. & vb. n. Irritating ]
 1. To increase the action or violence of; to heighten excitement in; to intensify; to stimulate.
    Cold maketh the spirits vigorous and irritateth them.   --Bacon.
 2. To excite anger or displeasure in; to provoke; to tease; to exasperate; to annoy; to vex; as, the insolence of a tyrant irritates his subjects.
 Dismiss the man, nor irritate the god:
 Prevent the rage of him who reigns above.   --Pope.
 3. Physiol. To produce irritation in; to stimulate; to cause to contract. See Irritation, n., 2.
 4. Med. To make morbidly excitable, or oversensitive; to fret; as, the skin is irritated by friction; to irritate a wound by a coarse bandage.
 Syn: -- To fret; inflame; excite; provoke; tease; vex; exasperate; anger; incense; enrage.
 Usage: -- To Irritate, Provoke, Exasperate. These words express different stages of excited or angry feeling. Irritate denotes an excitement of quick and slightly angry feeling which is only momentary; as, irritated by a hasty remark. To provoke implies the awakening of some open expression of decided anger; as, a provoking insult. Exasperate denotes a provoking of anger at something unendurable. Whatever comes across our feelings irritates; whatever excites anger provokes; whatever raises anger to a high point exasperates. “Susceptible and nervous people are most easily irritated; proud people are quickly provoked; hot and fiery people are soonest exasperated.”  --Crabb.

From: WordNet (r) 2.0

      adj 1: causing irritation or annoyance; "tapping an annoying rhythm
             on his glass with his fork"; "aircraft noise is
             particularly bothersome near the airport"; "found it
             galling to have to ask permission"; "an irritating
             delay"; "nettlesome paperwork"; "a pesky mosquito";
             "swarms of pestering gnats"; "a plaguey newfangled
             safety catch"; "a teasing and persistent thought
             annoyed him"; "a vexatious child"; "it is vexing to
             have to admit you are wrong" [syn: annoying, bothersome,
              galling, nettlesome, pesky, pestering, pestiferous,
              plaguy, plaguey, teasing, vexatious, vexing]
      2: (used of physical stimuli) serving to stimulate or excite;
         "an irritative agent" [syn: irritative]
      3: causing physical discomfort; "bites of black flies are more
         than irritating; they can be very painful" [syn: painful]