ir·ri·tate /ˈɪrəˌtet/ 動詞
Ir·ri·tate v. t. To render null and void. [R.]
Ir·ri·tate, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Irritated p. pr. & vb. n. Irritating ]
1. To increase the action or violence of; to heighten excitement in; to intensify; to stimulate.
Cold maketh the spirits vigorous and irritateth them. --Bacon.
2. To excite anger or displeasure in; to provoke; to tease; to exasperate; to annoy; to vex; as, the insolence of a tyrant irritates his subjects.
Dismiss the man, nor irritate the god:
Prevent the rage of him who reigns above. --Pope.
3. Physiol. To produce irritation in; to stimulate; to cause to contract. See Irritation, n., 2.
4. Med. To make morbidly excitable, or oversensitive; to fret; as, the skin is irritated by friction; to irritate a wound by a coarse bandage.
Syn: -- To fret; inflame; excite; provoke; tease; vex; exasperate; anger; incense; enrage.
Usage: -- To Irritate, Provoke, Exasperate. These words express different stages of excited or angry feeling. Irritate denotes an excitement of quick and slightly angry feeling which is only momentary; as, irritated by a hasty remark. To provoke implies the awakening of some open expression of decided anger; as, a provoking insult. Exasperate denotes a provoking of anger at something unendurable. Whatever comes across our feelings irritates; whatever excites anger provokes; whatever raises anger to a high point exasperates. “Susceptible and nervous people are most easily irritated; proud people are quickly provoked; hot and fiery people are soonest exasperated.” --Crabb.
Ir·ri·tate a. Excited; heightened. [Obs.]
v 1: cause annoyance in; disturb, especially by minor
irritations; "Mosquitoes buzzing in my ear really
bothers me"; "It irritates me that she never closes the
door after she leaves" [syn: annoy, rag, get to, bother,
get at, rile, nark, nettle, gravel, vex, chafe,
2: excite to an abnormal condition, of chafe or inflame;
"Aspirin irritates my stomach" [ant: soothe]
3: excite to some characteristic action or condition, such as
motion, contraction, or nervous impulse, by the
application of a stimulus; "irritate the glands of a leaf"