mi·nor /ˈmaɪnɚ/ 形容詞
次 小 子式
1. Inferior in bulk, degree, importance, etc.; less; smaller; of little account; as, minor divisions of a body.
2. Mus. Less by a semitone in interval or difference of pitch; as, a minor third.
Asia Minor Geog., the Lesser Asia; that part of Asia which lies between the Euxine, or Black Sea, on the north, and the Mediterranean on the south.
Minor mode Mus., that mode, or scale, in which the third and sixth are minor, -- much used for mournful and solemn subjects.
Minor orders Eccl., the rank of persons employed in ecclesiastical offices who are not in holy orders, as doorkeepers, acolytes, etc.
Minor scale Mus. The form of the minor scale is various. The strictly correct form has the third and sixth minor, with a semitone between the seventh and eighth, which involves an augmented second interval, or three semitones, between the sixth and seventh, as,
Minor term of a syllogism Logic, the subject of the conclusion.
1. A person of either sex who has not attained the age at which full civil rights are accorded; an infant; in England and the United States, one under twenty-one years of age.
Note: ☞ In hereditary monarchies, the minority of a sovereign ends at an earlier age than of a subject. The minority of a sovereign of Great Britain ends upon the completion of the eighteenth year of his age.
2. Logic The minor term, that is, the subject of the conclusion; also, the minor premise, that is, that premise which contains the minor term; in hypothetical syllogisms, the categorical premise. It is the second proposition of a regular syllogism, as in the following: Every act of injustice partakes of meanness; to take money from another by gaming is an act of injustice; therefore, the taking of money from another by gaming partakes of meanness.
3. A Minorite; a Franciscan friar.
adj 1: of lesser importance or stature or rank; "a minor poet";
"had a minor part in the play"; "a minor official";
"many of these hardy adventurers were minor noblemen";
"minor back roads" [ant: major]
2: lesser in scope or effect; "had minor differences"; "a minor
disturbance" [ant: major]
3: inferior in number or size or amount; "a minor share of the
profits"; "Ursa Minor" [ant: major]
4: of a scale or mode; "the minor keys"; "in B flat minor"
5: not of legal age; "minor children" [syn: nonaged, underage]
6: of lesser seriousness or danger; "suffered only minor
injuries"; "some minor flooding"; "a minor tropical
disturbance" [ant: major]
7: of your secondary field of academic concentration or
specialization [ant: major]
8: of the younger of two boys with the same family name; "Jones
minor" [syn: minor(ip)]
9: warranting only temporal punishment; "venial sin" [syn: venial]
10: limited in size or scope; "a small business"; "a newspaper
with a modest circulation"; "small-scale plans"; "a
pocket-size country" [syn: modest, small, small-scale,
n : a young person of either sex; "she writes books for
children"; "they're just kids"; "`tiddler' is a British
term for youngsters" [syn: child, kid, youngster, shaver,
nipper, small fry, tiddler, tike, tyke, fry,