in·fe·ri·or /ɪnˈfɪrɪɚ/ 形容詞
1. Lower in place, rank, value, excellence, etc.; less important or valuable; subordinate; underneath; beneath.
A thousand inferior and particular propositions. --I. Watts.
The body, or, as some love to call it, our inferior nature. --Burke.
Whether they are equal or inferior to my other poems, an author is the most improper judge. --Dryden.
2. Poor or mediocre; as, an inferior quality of goods.
3. Astron. (a) Nearer the sun than the earth is; as, the inferior or interior planets; an inferior conjunction of Mercury or Venus. (b) Below the horizon; as, the inferior part of a meridian.
4. Bot. (a) Situated below some other organ; -- said of a calyx when free from the ovary, and therefore below it, or of an ovary with an adherent and therefore inferior calyx. (b) On the side of a flower which is next the bract; anterior.
5. Min. Junior or subordinate in rank; as, an inferior officer.
Inferior court Law, a court subject to the jurisdiction of another court known as the superior court, or higher court.
Inferior letter, Inferior figure Print., a small letter or figure standing at the bottom of the line (opposed to superior letter or figure), as in A₂, Bₙ, 2 and n are inferior characters.
Inferior tide, the tide corresponding to the moon's transit of the meridian, when below the horizon.
In·fe·ri·or, n. A person lower in station, rank, intellect, etc., than another.
A great person gets more by obliging his inferior than by disdaining him. --South.
adj 1: of or characteristic of low rank or importance [ant: superior]
2: of low or inferior quality [ant: superior]
3: inferior in rank or status; "the junior faculty"; "a lowly
corporal"; "petty officialdom"; "a subordinate
functionary" [syn: junior-grade, lower, lower-ranking,
lowly, petty(a), secondary, subaltern, subordinate]
4: written or printed below and to one side of another
character [syn: subscript] [ant: adscript, superscript]
5: having an orbit between the sun and the Earth's orbit;
"Mercury and Venus are inferior planets" [ant: superior]
6: lower than a given reference point; "inferior alveolar
7: falling short of some prescribed norm; "substandard housing"
[syn: deficient, substandard]
n 1: one of lesser rank or station or quality [ant: superior]
2: a character or symbol set or printed or written beneath or
slightly below and to the side of another character [syn:
subscript] [ant: superscript]