free /ˈfrɪ/ 形容詞
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1. Freely; willingly. [Obs.]
I as free forgive you
As I would be forgiven. --Shak.
2. Without charge; as, children admitted free.
Free, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Freed p. pr. & vb. n. Freeing.]
1. To make free; to set at liberty; to rid of that which confines, limits, embarrasses, oppresses, etc.; to release; to disengage; to clear; -- followed by from, and sometimes by off; as, to free a captive or a slave; to be freed of these inconveniences.
Our land is from the rage of tigers freed. --Dryden.
Arise, . . . free thy people from their yoke. --Milton.
2. To remove, as something that confines or bars; to relieve from the constraint of.
This master key
Frees every lock, and leads us to his person. --Dryden.
3. To frank. [Obs.]
Free a. [Compar. Freer superl. Freest ]
1. Exempt from subjection to the will of others; not under restraint, control, or compulsion; able to follow one's own impulses, desires, or inclinations; determining one's own course of action; not dependent; at liberty.
That which has the power, or not the power, to operate, is that alone which is or is not free. --Locke.
2. Not under an arbitrary or despotic government; subject only to fixed laws regularly and fairly administered, and defended by them from encroachments upon natural or acquired rights; enjoying political liberty.
3. Liberated, by arriving at a certain age, from the control of parents, guardian, or master.
4. Not confined or imprisoned; released from arrest; liberated; at liberty to go.
Set an unhappy prisoner free. --Prior.
5. Not subjected to the laws of physical necessity; capable of voluntary activity; endowed with moral liberty; -- said of the will.
Not free, what proof could they have given sincere
Of true allegiance, constant faith, or love. --Milton.
6. Clear of offense or crime; guiltless; innocent.
My hands are guilty, but my heart is free. --Dryden.
7. Unconstrained by timidity or distrust; unreserved; ingenuous; frank; familiar; communicative.
He was free only with a few. --Milward.
8. Unrestrained; immoderate; lavish; licentious; -- used in a bad sense.
The critics have been very free in their censures. --Felton.
A man may live a free life as to wine or women. --Shelley.
9. Not close or parsimonious; liberal; open-handed; lavish; as, free with his money.
10. Exempt; clear; released; liberated; not encumbered or troubled with; as, free from pain; free from a burden; -- followed by from, or, rarely, by of.
Princes declaring themselves free from the obligations of their treaties. --Bp. Burnet.
11. Characteristic of one acting without restraint; charming; easy.
12. Ready; eager; acting without spurring or whipping; spirited; as, a free horse.
13. Invested with a particular freedom or franchise; enjoying certain immunities or privileges; admitted to special rights; -- followed by of.
He therefore makes all birds, of every sect,
Free of his farm. --Dryden.
14. Thrown open, or made accessible, to all; to be enjoyed without limitations; unrestricted; not obstructed, engrossed, or appropriated; open; -- said of a thing to be possessed or enjoyed; as, a free school.
Why, sir, I pray, are not the streets as free
For me as for you? --Shak.
15. Not gained by importunity or purchase; gratuitous; spontaneous; as, free admission; a free gift.
16. Not arbitrary or despotic; assuring liberty; defending individual rights against encroachment by any person or class; instituted by a free people; -- said of a government, institutions, etc.
17. O. Eng. Law Certain or honorable; the opposite of base; as, free service; free socage.
18. Law Privileged or individual; the opposite of common; as, a free fishery; a free warren.
19. Not united or combined with anything else; separated; dissevered; unattached; at liberty to escape; as, free carbonic acid gas; free cells.
Free agency, the capacity or power of choosing or acting freely, or without necessity or constraint upon the will.
Free bench Eng. Law, a widow's right in the copyhold lands of her husband, corresponding to dower in freeholds.
Free board Naut., a vessel's side between water line and gunwale.
Free bond Chem., an unsaturated or unemployed unit, or bond, of affinity or valence, of an atom or radical.
Free-borough men O.Eng. Law. See Friborg.
Free chapel Eccles., a chapel not subject to the jurisdiction of the ordinary, having been founded by the king or by a subject specially authorized. [Eng.] --Bouvier.
Free charge Elec., a charge of electricity in the free or statical condition; free electricity.
Free church. (a) A church whose sittings are for all and without charge. (b) An ecclesiastical body that left the Church of Scotland, in 1843, to be free from control by the government in spiritual matters.
Free city, or Free town, a city or town independent in its government and franchises, as formerly those of the Hanseatic league.
Free cost, freedom from charges or expenses. --South.
Free and easy, unconventional; unrestrained; regardless of formalities. [Colloq.] “Sal and her free and easy ways.” --W. Black.
Free goods, goods admitted into a country free of duty.
Free labor, the labor of freemen, as distinguished from that of slaves.
Free port. Com. (a) A port where goods may be received and shipped free of custom duty. (b) A port where goods of all kinds are received from ships of all nations at equal rates of duty.
Free public house, in England, a tavern not belonging to a brewer, so that the landlord is free to brew his own beer or purchase where he chooses. --Simmonds.
Free school. (a) A school to which pupils are admitted without discrimination and on an equal footing. (b) A school supported by general taxation, by endowmants, etc., where pupils pay nothing for tuition; a public school.
Free services O.Eng. Law, such feudal services as were not unbecoming the character of a soldier or a freemen to perform; as, to serve under his lord in war, to pay a sum of money, etc. --Burrill.
Free ships, ships of neutral nations, which in time of war are free from capture even though carrying enemy's goods.
Free socage O.Eng. Law, a feudal tenure held by certain services which, though honorable, were not military. --Abbott.
Free States, those of the United States before the Civil War, in which slavery had ceased to exist, or had never existed.
Free stuff Carp., timber free from knots; clear stuff.
Free thought, that which is thought independently of the authority of others.
Free trade, commerce unrestricted by duties or tariff regulations.
Free trader, one who believes in free trade.
To make free with, to take liberties with; to help one's self to. [Colloq.]
To sail free Naut., to sail with the yards not braced in as sharp as when sailing closehauled, or close to the wind.
adj 1: able to act at will; not hampered; not under compulsion or
restraint; "free enterprise"; "a free port"; "a free
country"; "I have an hour free"; "free will"; "free of
racism"; "feel free to stay as long as you wish"; "a
free choice" [ant: unfree]
2: unconstrained or not chemically bound in a molecule or not
fixed and capable of relatively unrestricted motion; "free
expansion"; "free oxygen"; "a free electron" [ant: bound]
3: costing nothing; "complimentary tickets" [syn: complimentary,
costless, gratis(p), gratuitous]
4: not occupied or in use; "a free locker"; "a free lane"
5: not fixed in position; "the detached shutter fell on him";
"he pulled his arm free and ran" [syn: detached]
6: not held in servitude; "after the Civil War he was a free
man" [ant: slave(a)]
7: not taken up by scheduled activities; "a free hour between
classes"; "spare time on my hands" [syn: spare]
8: not literal; "a loose interpretation of what she had been
told"; "a free translation of the poem" [syn: loose, liberal]
n : people who are free; "the home of the free and the brave"
[syn: free people]
adv : without restraint; "cows in India are running loose" [syn: loose]
v 1: grant freedom to; free from confinement [syn: liberate, release,
unloose, unloosen, loose] [ant: confine]
2: relieve from; "Rid the the house of pests" [syn: rid, disembarrass]
3: remove or force out from a position; "The dentist dislodged
the piece of food that had been stuck under my gums"; "He
finally could free the legs of the earthquake victim who
was buried in the rubble" [syn: dislodge] [ant: lodge]
4: grant relief or an exemption from a rule or requirement to;
"She exempted me from the exam" [syn: exempt, relieve]
5: make (information) available publication; "release the list
with the names of the prisoners" [syn: release]
6: free from obligations or duties [syn: discharge]
7: free or remove obstruction from; "free a path across the
cluttered floor" [syn: disengage] [ant: obstruct]
8: let off the hook; "I absolve you from this responsibility"
[syn: absolve, justify] [ant: blame]
9: part with a possession or right; "I am relinquishing my
bedroom to the long-term house guest"; "resign a claim to
the throne" [syn: release, relinquish, resign, give
10: make (assets) available; "release the holdings in the
dictator's bank account" [syn: unblock, unfreeze, release]
[ant: freeze, freeze]
[also: freest, freer]