ma·jor /ˈmeʤɚ/ 形容詞
1. Greater in number, quantity, or extent; as, the major part of the assembly; the major part of the revenue; the major part of the territory.
2. Of greater dignity; more important.
3. Of full legal age; adult. [Obs.]
4. Mus. Greater by a semitone, either in interval or in difference of pitch from another tone.
Major key Mus., a key in which one and two, two and three, four and five, five and six and seven, make major seconds, and three and four, and seven and eight, make minor seconds.
Major offense Law, an offense of a greater degree which contains a lesser offense, as murder and robbery include assault.
Major scale Mus., the natural diatonic scale, which has semitones between the third and fourth, and seventh and fourth, and seventh and eighth degrees; the scale of the major mode, of which the third is major. See Scale, and Diatonic.
Major second Mus., a second between whose tones is a difference in pitch of a step.
Major sixth Mus., a sixth of four steps and a half step. In major keys the third and sixth from the key tone are major. Major keys and intervals, as distinguished from minors, are more cheerful.
Major third Mus., a third of two steps.
1. Mil. An officer next in rank above a captain and next below a lieutenant colonel; the lowest field officer.
2. Law A person of full age.
3. Logic That premise which contains the major term. It its the first proposition of a regular syllogism; as: No unholy person is qualified for happiness in heaven [the major]. Every man in his natural state is unholy [minor]. Therefore, no man in his natural state is qualified for happiness in heaven [conclusion or inference].
Note: ☞ In hypothetical syllogisms, the hypothetical premise is called the major.
4. A mayor. [Obs.]
adj 1: of greater importance or stature or rank; "a major artist";
"a major role"; "major highways" [ant: minor]
2: greater in scope or effect; "a major contribution"; "a major
improvement"; "a major break with tradition"; "a major
misunderstanding" [ant: minor]
3: greater in number or size or amount; "a major portion (a
majority) of the population"; "Ursa Major"; "a major
portion of the winnings" [ant: minor]
4: of the field of academic study in which one concentrates or
specializes; "his major field was mathematics" [ant: minor]
5: of a scale or mode; "major scales"; "the key of D major"
6: of greater seriousness or danger; "a major earthquake"; "a
major hurricane"; "a major illness" [ant: minor]
7: of full legal age; "major children" [ant: minor]
8: of the elder of two boys with the same family name; "Jones
major" [syn: major(ip)]
n 1: a commissioned military officer in the United States Army or
Air Force or Marines; below lieutenant colonel and above
2: British statesman who was prime minister from 1990 until
1997 (born in 1943) [syn: John Major, John R. Major, John
3: a university student who is studying a particular field as
the principal subject; "she is a linguistics major"
4: the principal field of study of a student at a university;
"her major is linguistics"
v : have as one's principal field of study; "She is majoring in